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AD8065
High Performance, 145 MHz
FastFET Op Amps
AD8065/AD8066
FEATURES
APPLICATIONS
FET input amplifier
1 pA input bias current
Low cost
High speed: 145 MHz, −3 dB bandwidth (G = +1)
180 V/μs slew rate (G = +2)
Low noise
7 nV/√Hz (f = 10 kHz)
0.6 fA/√Hz (f = 10 kHz)
Wide supply voltage range: 5 V to 24 V
Single-supply and rail-to-rail output
Low offset voltage 1.5 mV maximum
High common-mode rejection ratio: −100 dB
Excellent distortion specifications
SFDR −88 dBc @ 1 MHz
Low power: 6.4 mA/amplifier typical supply current
No phase reversal
Small packaging: SOIC-8, SOT-23-5, and MSOP-8
Instrumentation
Photodiode preamps
Filters
A/D drivers
Level shifting
Buffering
CONNECTION DIAGRAMS
AD8065
VOUT 1
5
+VS
–VS 2
+IN 3
4
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
AD8065
NC 1
–IN
8
NC
–IN 2
7
+VS
+IN 3
6
VOUT
–VS 4
5
NC
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
8
+VS
–IN1 2
7
VOUT2
+IN1 3
6
–IN2
–VS 4
5
+IN2
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
02916-E-001
AD8066
VOUT1 1
Figure 1.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The AD8065/AD80661 FastFET™ amplifiers are voltage feedback
amplifiers with FET inputs offering high performance and ease
of use. The AD8065 is a single amplifier, and the AD8066 is a
dual amplifier. These amplifiers are developed in the Analog
Devices, Inc. proprietary XFCB process and allow exceptionally
low noise operation (7.0 nV/√Hz and 0.6 fA/√Hz) as well as
very high input impedance.
The AD8065/AD8066 are high performance, high speed, FET
input amplifiers available in small packages: SOIC-8, MSOP-8,
and SOT-23-5. They are rated to work over the industrial
temperature range of −40°C to +85°C.
24
21
G = +10
VO = 200mV p-p
18
1
G = +5
12
9
G = +2
6
3
G = +1
0
–3
–6
0.1
1
10
100
FREQUENCY (MHz)
1000
02916-E-002
Despite the low cost, the amplifiers provide excellent overall
performance. The differential gain and phase errors of 0.02%
and 0.02°, respectively, along with 0.1 dB flatness out to 7 MHz,
make these amplifiers ideal for video applications. Additionally,
they offer a high slew rate of 180 V/μs, excellent distortion (SFDR
of −88 dBc @ 1 MHz), extremely high common-mode rejection
of −100 dB, and a low input offset voltage of 1.5 mV maximum
under warmed up conditions. The AD8065/AD8066 operate
using only a 6.4 mA/amplifier typical supply current and are
capable of delivering up to 30 mA of load current.
15
GAIN (dB)
With a wide supply voltage range from 5 V to 24 V, the ability to
operate on single supplies, and a bandwidth of 145 MHz, the
AD8065/AD8066 are designed to work in a variety of applications.
For added versatility, the amplifiers also contain rail-to-rail outputs.
Figure 2. Small Signal Frequency Response
Protected by U. S. Patent No. 6,262,633.
Rev. H
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no
responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any infringements of patents or other
rights of third parties that may result from its use. Specifications subject to change without notice. No
license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.
Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 781.329.4700
www.analog.com
Fax: 781.461.3113 © 2002–2008 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
AD8065/AD8066
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features .............................................................................................. 1 Wideband Operation ................................................................. 18 Applications ....................................................................................... 1 Input Protection ......................................................................... 18 Connection Diagrams ...................................................................... 1 Thermal Considerations............................................................ 19 General Description ......................................................................... 1 Input and Output Overload Behavior ..................................... 19 Revision History ............................................................................... 2 Layout, Grounding, and Bypassing Considerations .................. 20 Specifications..................................................................................... 3 Power Supply Bypassing ............................................................ 20 Absolute Maximum Ratings............................................................ 6 Grounding ................................................................................... 20 Maximum Power Dissipation ..................................................... 6 Leakage Currents ........................................................................ 21 Output Short Circuit .................................................................... 6 Input Capacitance ...................................................................... 21 ESD Caution .................................................................................. 6 Output Capacitance ................................................................... 21 Typical Performance Characteristics ............................................. 7 Input-to-Output Coupling ........................................................ 22 Test Circuits ................................................................................. 14 Wideband Photodiode Preamp ................................................ 22 Theory of Operation ...................................................................... 17 High Speed JFET Input Instrumentation Amplifier.............. 23 Closed-Loop Frequency Response ........................................... 17 Video Buffer ................................................................................ 23 Noninverting Closed-Loop Frequency Response .................. 17 Outline Dimensions ....................................................................... 24 Inverting Closed-Loop Frequency Response ......................... 17 Ordering Guide .......................................................................... 25 www.BDTIC.com/ADI
REVISION HISTORY
9/08—Rev. G to Rev. H
Deleted Usable Range Parameter, Table 1 ..................................... 3
Deleted Usable Range Parameter, Table 2 ..................................... 4
Deleted Usable Range Parameter, Table 3 ..................................... 5
Changes to Layout ............................................................................ 6
Changes to Input and Output Overload Behavior Section ....... 19
Changes to Table 5 Expressions Column .................................... 22
1/06—Rev. F to Rev. G
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 26
12/05—Rev. E to Rev. F
Updated Format .................................................................. Universal
Changes to Features.......................................................................... 1
Changes to General Description .................................................... 1
Changes to Figure 22 through Figure 27 ..................................... 11
Updated Outline Dimensions ....................................................... 25
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 26
2/04—Rev. D to Rev. E.
Updated Format ................................................................ Universal
Updated Figure 56 ......................................................................... 21
Updated Outline Dimensions ...................................................... 25
Updated Ordering Guide .............................................................. 26
11/03—Rev. C to Rev. D.
Changes to Features......................................................................... 1
Changes to Connection Diagrams ................................................ 1
Updated Ordering Guide ................................................................ 5
Updated Outline Dimensions ...................................................... 22
4/03—Rev. B to Rev. C.
Added SOIC-8 (R) for the AD8065 .............................................. 4
2/03—Rev. A to Rev. B.
Changes to Absolute Maximum Ratings ...................................... 4
Changes to Test Circuit 10 ........................................................... 14
Changes to Test Circuit 11 ........................................................... 15
Changes to Noninverting Closed-Loop Frequency Response 16
Changes to Inverting Closed-Loop Frequency Response ....... 16
Updated Figure 6 .......................................................................... 18
Changes to Figure 7 ....................................................................... 19
Changes to Figure 10..................................................................... 21
Changes to Figure 11..................................................................... 22
Changes to High Speed JFET Instrumentation Amplifier ....... 22
Changes to Video Buffer............................................................... 22
8/02—Rev. 0 to Rev. A.
Added AD8066 ..................................................................Universal
Added SOIC-8 (R) and MSOP-8 (RM) ........................................ 1
Edits to General Description ......................................................... 1
Edits to Specifications ..................................................................... 2
New Figure 2 .................................................................................... 5
Changes to Ordering Guide ........................................................... 5
Edits to TPCs 18, 25, and 28 .......................................................... 8
New TPC 36 ................................................................................... 11
Added Test Circuits 10 and 11 ..................................................... 14
MSOP (RM-8) Added ................................................................... 23
Rev. H | Page 2 of 28
AD8065/AD8066
SPECIFICATIONS
@ TA = 25°C, VS = ±5 V, RL = 1 kΩ, unless otherwise noted.
Table 1.
Parameter
DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE
−3 dB Bandwidth
Bandwidth for 0.1 dB Flatness
Input Overdrive Recovery Time
Output Recovery Time
Slew Rate
Settling Time to 0.1%
NOISE/HARMONIC PERFORMANCE
SFDR
Third-Order Intercept
Input Voltage Noise
Input Current Noise
Differential Gain Error
Differential Phase Error
DC PERFORMANCE
Input Offset Voltage
Input Offset Voltage Drift
Input Bias Current
Conditions
Min
Typ
G = +1, VO = 0.2 V p-p (AD8065)
G = +1, VO = 0.2 V p-p (AD8066)
G = +2, VO = 0.2 V p-p
G = +2, VO = 2 V p-p
G = +2, VO = 0.2 V p-p
G = +1, −5.5 V to +5.5 V
G = −1, −5.5 V to +5.5 V
G = +2, VO = 4 V step
G = +2, VO = 2 V step
G = +2, VO = 8 V step
100
100
145
120
50
42
7
175
170
180
55
205
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
ns
ns
V/μs
ns
ns
fC = 1 MHz, G = +2, VO = 2 V p-p
fC = 5 MHz, G = +2, VO = 2 V p-p
fC = 1 MHz, G = +2, VO = 8 V p-p
fC = 10 MHz, RL = 100 Ω
f = 10 kHz
f = 10 kHz
NTSC, G = +2, RL = 150 Ω
NTSC, G = +2, RL = 150 Ω
−88
−67
−73
24
7
0.6
0.02
0.02
dBc
dBc
dBc
dBm
nV/√Hz
fA/√Hz
%
Degrees
VCM = 0 V, SOIC package
0.4
1
2
25
1
1
113
130
Max
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
SOIC package
TMIN to TMAX
Input Offset Current
Open-Loop Gain
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Common-Mode Input Impedance
Differential Input Impedance
Input Common-Mode Voltage
Range
FET Input Range
Common-Mode Rejection Ratio
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage Swing
Output Current
Short-Circuit Current
Capacitive Load Drive
POWER SUPPLY
Operating Range
Quiescent Current per Amplifier
Power Supply Rejection Ratio
TMIN to TMAX
VO = ±3 V, RL = 1 kΩ
100
VCM = −1 V to +1 V
VCM = −1 V to +1 V (SOT-23)
RL = 1 kΩ
RL = 150 Ω
VO = 9 V p-p, SFDR ≥ −60 dBc, f = 500 kHz
GΩ || pF
GΩ || pF
−5 to +1.7
−85
−82
−5.0 to +2.4
−100
−91
V
dB
dB
−4.88 to +4.90
−4.94 to +4.95
−4.8 to +4.7
35
90
20
V
V
mA
mA
pF
5
−85
Rev. H | Page 3 of 28
10
mV
μV/°C
pA
pA
pA
pA
dB
1000 || 2.1
1000 || 4.5
30% overshoot G = +1
±PSRR
1.5
17
6
Unit
6.4
−100
24
7.2
V
mA
dB
AD8065/AD8066
@ TA = 25°C, VS = ±12 V, RL = 1 kΩ, unless otherwise noted.
Table 2.
Parameter
DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE
−3 dB Bandwidth
Bandwidth for 0.1 dB Flatness
Input Overdrive Recovery
Output Overdrive Recovery
Slew Rate
Settling Time to 0.1%
NOISE/HARMONIC PERFORMANCE
SFDR
Third-Order Intercept
Input Voltage Noise
Input Current Noise
Differential Gain Error
Differential Phase Error
DC PERFORMANCE
Input Offset Voltage
Input Offset Voltage Drift
Input Bias Current
Conditions
Min
Typ
G = +1, VO = 0.2 V p-p (AD8065)
G = +1, VO = 0.2 V p-p (AD8066)
G = +2, VO = 0.2 V p-p
G = +2, VO = 2 V p-p
G = +2, VO = 0.2 V p-p
G = +1, −12.5 V to +12.5 V
G = −1, −12.5 V to +12.5 V
G = +2, VO = 4 V step
G = +2, VO = 2 V step
G = +2, VO = 10 V step
100
100
145
115
50
40
7
175
170
180
55
250
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
ns
ns
V/μs
ns
ns
−100
−67
−85
24
7
1
0.04
0.03
dBc
dBc
dBc
dBm
nV/√Hz
fA/√Hz
%
Degrees
130
fC = 1 MHz, G = +2, VO = 2 V p-p
fC = 5 MHz, G = +2, VO = 2 V p-p
fC = 1 MHz, G = +2, VO = 10 V p-p
fC = 10 MHz, RL = 100 Ω
f = 10 kHz
f = 10 kHz
NTSC, G = +2, RL = 150 Ω
NTSC, G = +2, RL = 150 Ω
Max
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
VCM = 0 V, SOIC package
SOIC package
TMIN to TMAX
Input Offset Current
Open-Loop Gain
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Common-Mode Input Impedance
Differential Input Impedance
Input Common-Mode Voltage Range
FET Input Range
Common-Mode Rejection Ratio
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage Swing
Output Current
Short-Circuit Current
Capacitive Load Drive
POWER SUPPLY
Operating Range
Quiescent Current per Amplifier
Power Supply Rejection Ratio
TMIN to TMAX
VO = ±10 V, RL = 1 kΩ
VCM = −1 V to +1 V
VCM = −1 V to +1 V (SOT-23)
RL = 1 kΩ
RL = 350 Ω
VO = 22 V p-p, SFDR ≥ −60 dBc, f = 500 kHz
103
0.4
1
3
25
2
2
114
GΩ || pF
GΩ || pF
−12 to +8.5
−85
−82
−12.0 to +9.5
−100
−91
V
dB
dB
−11.8 to +11.8
−11.9 to +11.9
−11.25 to +11.5
30
120
25
V
V
mA
mA
pF
5
−84
Rev. H | Page 4 of 28
10
mV
μV/°C
pA
pA
pA
pA
dB
1000 || 2.1
1000 || 4.5
30% overshoot G = +1
±PSRR
1.5
17
7
Unit
6.6
−93
24
7.4
V
mA
dB
AD8065/AD8066
@ TA = 25°C, VS = 5 V, RL = 1 kΩ, unless otherwise noted.
Table 3.
Parameter
DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE
−3 dB Bandwidth
Bandwidth for 0.1 dB Flatness
Input Overdrive Recovery Time
Output Recovery Time
Slew Rate
Settling Time to 0.1%
NOISE/HARMONIC PERFORMANCE
SFDR
Third-Order Intercept
Input Voltage Noise
Input Current Noise
Differential Gain Error
Differential Phase Error
DC PERFORMANCE
Input Offset Voltage
Input Offset Voltage Drift
Input Bias Current
Conditions
Min
Typ
G = +1, VO = 0.2 V p-p (AD8065)
G = +1, VO = 0.2 V p-p (AD8066)
G = +2, VO = 0.2 V p-p
G = +2, VO = 2 V p-p
G = +2, VO = 0.2 V p-p
G = +1, −0.5 V to +5.5 V
G = −1, −0.5 V to +5.5 V
G = +2, VO = 2 V step
G = +2, VO = 2 V step
125
110
155
130
50
43
6
175
170
160
60
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
ns
ns
V/μs
ns
fC = 1 MHz, G = +2, VO = 2 V p-p
fC = 5 MHz, G = +2, VO = 2 V p-p
fC = 10 MHz, RL = 100 Ω
f = 10 kHz
f = 10 kHz
NTSC, G = +2, RL = 150 Ω
NTSC, G = +2, RL = 150 Ω
−65
−50
22
7
0.6
0.13
0.16
dBc
dBc
dBm
nV/√Hz
fA/√Hz
%
Degrees
VCM = 1.0 V, SOIC package
0.4
1
1
25
1
1
113
103
105
Max
1.5
17
5
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
SOIC package
TMIN to TMAX
Input Offset Current
Open-Loop Gain
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Common-Mode Input Impedance
Differential Input Impedance
Input Common-Mode Voltage Range
FET Input Range
Common-Mode Rejection Ratio
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage Swing
Output Current
Short-Circuit Current
Capacitive Load Drive
POWER SUPPLY
Operating Range
Quiescent Current per Amplifier
Power Supply Rejection Ratio
TMIN to TMAX
VO = 1 V to 4 V (AD8065)
VO = 1 V to 4 V (AD8066)
VCM = 0.5 V to 1.5 V
VCM = 1 V to 2 V (SOT-23)
RL = 1 kΩ
RL = 150 Ω
VO = 4 V p-p, SFDR ≥ −60 dBc, f = 500 kHz
100
90
GΩ || pF
GΩ || pF
0 to 1.7
−74
−78
0 to 2.4
−100
−91
V
dB
dB
0.1 to 4.85
0.03 to 4.95
0.07 to 4.83
35
75
5
V
V
mA
mA
pF
5
5.8
−78
Rev. H | Page 5 of 28
mV
μV/ºC
pA
pA
pA
pA
dB
dB
1000 || 2.1
1000 || 4.5
30% overshoot G = +1
±PSRR
5
Unit
6.4
−100
24
7.0
V
mA
dB
AD8065/AD8066
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
RMS output voltages should be considered. If RL is referenced to
VS−, as in single-supply operation, then the total drive power is
VS × IOUT.
Table 4.
Rating
26.4 V
See Figure 3
VEE − 0.5 V to VCC + 0.5 V
1.8 V
−65°C to +125°C
−40°C to +85°C
300°C
If the rms signal levels are indeterminate, then consider the
worst case, when VOUT = VS/4 for RL to midsupply.
PD = (VS × I S ) +
(VS /4)2
RL
In single-supply operation with RL referenced to VS−, worst case
is VOUT = VS/2.
MAXIMUM POWER DISSIPATION
The maximum safe power dissipation in the AD8065/AD8066
packages is limited by the associated rise in junction temperature
(TJ) on the die. The plastic encapsulating the die locally reaches
the junction temperature. At approximately 150°C, which is the
glass transition temperature, the plastic changes its properties.
Even temporarily exceeding this temperature limit can change
the stresses that the package exerts on the die, permanently
shifting the parametric performance of the AD8065/AD8066.
Exceeding a junction temperature of 175°C for an extended
time can result in changes in the silicon devices, potentially
causing failure.
2.0
1.5
MSOP-8
SOIC-8
1.0
SOT-23-5
0.5
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
The still air thermal properties of the package and PCB (θJA),
ambient temperature (TA), and total power dissipated in the
package (PD) determine the junction temperature of the die.
The junction temperature can be calculated by
TJ = TA + (PD × θJA)
The power dissipated in the package (PD) is the sum of the
quiescent power dissipation and the power dissipated in the
package due to the load drive for all outputs. The quiescent
power is the voltage between the supply pins (VS) times the
quiescent current (IS). Assuming the load (RL) is referenced to
midsupply, then the total drive power is VS /2 × IOUT, some of
which is dissipated in the package and some in the load (VOUT ×
IOUT). The difference between the total drive power and the load
power is the drive power dissipated in the package.
PD = Quiescent Power + (Total Drive Power − Load Power )
0
–60
–40
–20
0
20
40
60
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
80
100
02916-E-003
Stresses above those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings
may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress
rating only; functional operation of the device at these or any
other conditions above those indicated in the operational
section of this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute
maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect
device reliability.
MAXIMUM POWER DISSIPATION (W)
Parameter
Supply Voltage
Power Dissipation
Common-Mode Input Voltage
Differential Input Voltage
Storage Temperature Range
Operating Temperature Range
Lead Temperature
(Soldering, 10 sec)
Figure 3. Maximum Power Dissipation vs. Temperature for a 4-Layer Board
Airflow increases heat dissipation, effectively reducing θJA. Also,
more metal directly in contact with the package leads from
metal traces, through holes, ground, and power planes reduce
the θJA. Care must be taken to minimize parasitic capacitances
at the input leads of high speed op amps as discussed in the
Layout, Grounding, and Bypassing Considerations section.
Figure 3 shows the maximum safe power dissipation in the
package vs. the ambient temperature for the SOIC (125°C/W),
SOT-23 (180°C/W), and MSOP (150°C/W) packages on a
JEDEC standard 4-layer board. θJA values are approximations.
OUTPUT SHORT CIRCUIT
Shorting the output to ground or drawing excessive current for
the AD8065/AD8066 will likely cause catastrophic failure.
ESD CAUTION
⎛V V
⎞ V OUT 2
PD = (VS × I S ) + ⎜ S × OUT ⎟ −
RL ⎠
RL
⎝ 2
Rev. H | Page 6 of 28
AD8065/AD8066
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
Default Conditions: ±5 V, CL = 5 pF, RL = 1 kΩ, VOUT = 2 V p-p, Temperature = 25°C.
24
6.9
RL = 150Ω
21
6.8
G = +10
G = +2
VO = 200mV p-p
18
G = +5
VOUT = 0.7V p-p
6.6
12
GAIN (dB)
GAIN (dB)
15
VOUT = 0.2V p-p
6.7
9
G = +2
6
3
VOUT = 1.4V p-p
6.5
6.4
6.3
6.2
6.1
–3
6.0
1
10
100
1000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
5.9
0.1
02916-E-004
–6
0.1
1
10
100
FREQUENCY (MHz)
Figure 4. Small Signal Frequency Response for Various Gains
02916-E-007
G = +1
0
Figure 7. 0.1 dB Flatness Frequency Response (See Figure 43)
6
9
VO = 200mV p-p
VO = 200mV p-p
G = +1
G = +2
4
8
VS = +5V
VS = ±12V
6
VS = ±12V
5
–4
4
1
10
100
1000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
3
0.1
02916-E-005
–6
0.1
1
10
100
1000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
Figure 5. Small Signal Frequency Response for Various Supplies
(See Figure 42)
Figure 8. Small Signal Frequency Response for Various Supplies
(See Figure 43)
2
8
02916-E-008
–2
VS = ±5V
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
VS = ±5V
0
VS = +5V
7
GAIN (dB)
GAIN (dB)
2
VO = 2V p-p
1
G = +1
7
VS = +5V
VS = ±5V
6
0
VS = ±12V
GAIN (dB)
VS = ±5V
–1
VS = ±12V
–2
5
4
3
–3
2
–4
1
10
100
1000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
Figure 6. Large Signal Frequency Response for Various Supplies
(See Figure 42)
0
0.1
1
10
100
1000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
Figure 9. Large Signal Frequency Response for Various Supplies
(See Figure 43)
Rev. H | Page 7 of 28
02916-E-009
–5
0.1
1
02916-E-006
GAIN (dB)
G = +2
AD8065/AD8066
9
8
VO = 200mV p-p
G = +1
6
CL = 25pF
CL = 25pF
RSNUB = 20Ω
6
CL = 55pF
CL = 5pF
4
CL = 20pF
CL = 25pF
GAIN (dB)
GAIN (dB)
3
0
CL = 5pF
2
0
–2
–3
–4
–6
1
10
100
1000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
–8
0.1
02916-E-010
–9
0.1
Figure 10. Small Signal Frequency Response for Various CLOAD (See Figure 42)
VO = 200mV p-p
G = +2
1
10
100
1000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
02916-E-013
–6
Figure 13. Small Signal Frequency Response for Various CLOAD (See Figure 43)
8
8
VOUT = 0.2V p-p
6
4
6
2
5
GAIN (dB)
VOUT = 4V p-p
0
–2
RL = 1kΩ
4
3
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
–4
2
–6
1
1
10
100
1000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
Figure 11. Frequency Response for Various Output Amplitudes
(See Figure 43)
G = +2
0
0.1
02916-E-011
–8
0.1
VO = 200mV p-p
1
10
100
1000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
02916-E-014
GAIN (dB)
RL = 100Ω
7
VOUT = 2V p-p
G = +2
Figure 14. Small Signal Frequency Response for Various RLOAD (See Figure 43)
80
14
120
VO = 200mV p-p
G = +2
GAIN (dB)
8
RF = RG = 500Ω,
RS = 250Ω
6
4
RF = RG = 1kΩ,
RS = 500Ω,
CF = 3.3pF
2
RF = RG = 500Ω,
RS = 250Ω,
CF = 2.2pF
0
60
60
40
0
GAIN
20
–60
0
–120
PHASE (DEGREES)
PHASE
RF = RG = 1kΩ,
RS = 500Ω
10
OPEN-LOOP GAIN (dB)
12
1
10
FREQUENCY (MHz)
100
1000
Figure 12. Small Signal Frequency Response for Various RF/CF (See Figure 43)
Rev. H | Page 8 of 28
–20
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
FREQUENCY (MHz)
Figure 15. Open-Loop Response
–180
1000
02916-E-015
–4
0.1
02916-E-012
–2
AD8065/AD8066
–40
–30
–40
G = +2
–50
–50
DISTORTION (dBc)
HD2 RL = 150Ω
–70
HD2 RL = 1kΩ
–80
HD3 RL = 1kΩ
–90
HD2 G = +1
–80
HD3 G = +1
1
10
100
FREQUENCY (MHz)
–110
0.1
02916-E-016
–120
0.1
1
10
100
FREQUENCY (MHz)
02916-E-019
–100
–110
Figure 19. Harmonic Distortion vs. Frequency for Various Gains
(See Figure 42 and Figure 43)
Figure 16. Harmonic Distortion vs. Frequency for Various Loads
(See Figure 43)
–20
–30
–40
–30
G = +2
VS = ±12V
F = 1MHz
–60
HD2 RL = 150Ω
–70
HD3 RL = 150Ω
–80
VS = ±12V
G = +2
HD2 VO = 20V p-p
–40
DISTORTION (dBc)
–50
HD3 VO = 20V p-p
–50
–60
HD2 VO = 10V p-p
–70
–80
HD3 VO = 10V p-p
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–90
HD2 RL = 300Ω
–100
–90
HD2 VO = 2V p-p
–100
HD3 RL = 300Ω
–110
–120
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
HD3 VO = 2V p-p
–110
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15
OUTPUT AMPLITUDE (V p-p)
–120
0.1
02916-E-017
DISTORTION (dBc)
HD3 G = +2
–70
–90
HD3 RL = 150Ω
–100
HD2 G = +2
1.0
10.0
FREQUENCY (MHz)
Figure 17. Harmonic Distortion vs. Amplitude for Various Loads VS = ±12 V
(See Figure 43)
02916-E-020
DISTORTION (dBc)
–60
–60
Figure 20. Harmonic Distortion vs. Frequency for Various Amplitudes
(See Figure 43)
50
100
RL = 100Ω
VS = ±12V
40
NOISE (nV/ Hz)
VS = ±5V
35
30
VS = +5V
10
25
15
1
10
FREQUENCY (MHz)
1
10
100
1k
10k
100k
1M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
Figure 21. Voltage Noise
Figure 18. Third-Order Intercept vs. Frequency and Supply Voltage
Rev. H | Page 9 of 28
10M
100M
1G
02916-E-021
20
02916-E-018
INTERCEPT POINT (dBm)
45
AD8065/AD8066
G = +1
CL = 20pF
G = +1
CL = 5pF
25ns/DIV
50mV/DIV
25ns/DIV
Figure 22. Small Signal Transient Response 5 V Supply (See Figure 42)
G = +1
VS = ±12V
02916-025
02916-022
50mV/DIV
Figure 25. Small Signal Transient Response ±5 V (See Figure 42)
VOUT = 10V p-p
VOUT = 10V p-p
G5µs
= +2
VS = ±12V
VOUT = 4V p-p
VOUT = 2V p-p
VOUT = 2V p-p
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2V/DIV
50ns/DIV
Figure 23. Large Signal Transient Response (See Figure 42)
Figure 26. Large Signal Transient Response (See Figure 43)
G = +1
VS = ±5V
G = –1
VS = ±5V
2.0V/DIV
100ns/DIV
100ns/DIV
Figure 24. Output Overdrive Recovery (See Figure 44)
02916-027
02916-024
2.0V/DIV
02916-026
50ns/DIV
02916-023
2V/DIV
Figure 27. Input Overdrive Recovery (See Figure 42)
Rev. H | Page 10 of 28
AD8065/AD8066
VIN = 140mV/DIV
VIN = 500mV/DIV
VOUT – 2VIN
+0.1%
–0.1%
+0.1%
t=0
–0.1%
t=0
VOUT – 2VIN
2mV/DIV
2mV/DIV
02916-E-031
10ns/DIV
02916-E-028
64μs/DIV
Figure 31. 0.1% Short-Term Settling Time (See Figure 49)
Ib (μA)
0
–Ib
–10
–Ib
–5
+Ib
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–10
–15
–20
–30
25
35
45
55
65
75
85
TEMPERATURE (°C)
–25
–30
–12 –10
–8
–6
–4
–2
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE (V)
02916-E-032
0
Ib (pA)
–20
–Ib
FET INPUT STAGE
5
+Ib
–25
Figure 32. Input Bias Current vs. Common-Mode Voltage Range
(See the Input and Output Overload Behavior Section)
Figure 29. Input Bias Current vs. Temperature
0.3
40
N = 299
SD = 0.388
MEAN = –0.069
35
0.2
30
0.1
25
VS = +5V
0
VS = ±5V
20
–0.1
15
VS = ±12V
10
–0.2
–0.3
–14 –12 –10 –8
–6
–4
–2
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 30. Input Offset Voltage vs. Common-Mode Voltage
0
–2.0
–1.5
–1.0
–0.5
0
0.5
1.0
INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (mV)
Figure 33. Input Offset Voltage
Rev. H | Page 11 of 28
1.5
2.0
02916-E-033
5
02916-E-030
OFFSET VOLTAGE (mV)
+Ib
10
–15
02916-E-029
INPUT BIAS CURRENT (pA)
–5
42
36
30
24
18
12
6
0
BJT INPUT STAGE
Figure 28. Long-Term Settling Time (See Figure 49)
AD8065/AD8066
100
–30
–40
OUTPUT IMPEDANCE (Ω)
10
CMRR (dB)
–50
–60
–70
VS = ±12V
–80
1
G = +1
G = +2
0.1
0.01
1
10
100
FREQUENCY (MHz)
0
100
02916-E-034
–100
0.1
Figure 34. CMRR vs. Frequency (See Figure 46)
100k
1M
10M
100M
Figure 37. Output Impedance vs. Frequency (See Figure 45 and Figure 47)
OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE (mV)
80
0.25
VCC – VOH
0.20
0.15
70
VCC – VOH
60
50
VOL – VEE
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VOL – VEE
0.05
0
0
10
20
30
40
ILOAD (mA)
40
30
25
35
45
55
65
75
85
TEMPERATURE (°C)
02916-E-038
0.10
02916-E-035
Figure 38. Output Saturation Voltage vs. Temperature
Figure 35. Output Saturation Voltage vs. Output Load Current
0
0
–10
–10
–20
VIN = 2V p-p
G = +1
–20
CROSSTALK (dB)
–PSRR
–30
+PSRR
–40
–50
–60
–70
–30
–40
–50
B TO A
–60
–70
–80
A TO B
–80
–100
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
1000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
02916-E-036
–90
Figure 36. PSRR vs. Frequency (See Figure 48 and Figure 50)
–90
0.1
1
10
100
FREQUENCY (MHz)
Figure 39. Crosstalk vs. Frequency (See Figure 51)
Rev. H | Page 12 of 28
02916-E-039
OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE (V)
10k
FREQUENCY (Hz)
0.30
PSRR (dB)
1k
02916-E-037
VS = ±5V
–90
AD8065/AD8066
6.60
125
VS = ±12V
6.55
120
VS = ±5V
OPEN-LOOP GAIN (dB)
6.45
VS = +5V
6.40
6.35
VS = ±12V
110
105
100
VS = +5V
95
VS = ±5V
90
6.30
85
–20
0
20
40
60
80
TEMPERATURE (°C)
Figure 40. Quiescent Supply Current vs. Temperature for Various
Supply Voltages
80
0
10
20
30
ILOAD (mA)
40
02916-E-041
6.25
–40
02916-E-040
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
115
6.50
Figure 41. Open-Loop Gain vs. Load Current for Various Supply Voltages
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
Rev. H | Page 13 of 28
AD8065/AD8066
TEST CIRCUITS
SOIC-8 Pinout
+VCC
+VCC
4.7μF
4.7μF
0.1μF
0.1μF
2.2pF
24.9Ω
499Ω
VIN
499Ω
49.9Ω
RSNUB
FET PROBE
FET PROBE
AD8065
AD8065
VIN
249Ω
CLOAD
1kΩ
0.1μF
4.7μF
4.7μF
02916-E-042
0.1μF
–VEE
02916-E-044
1kΩ
49.9Ω
–VEE
Figure 44. G = −1
Figure 42. G = +1
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+VCC
+VCC
4.7μF
4.7μF
0.1μF
0.1μF
2.2pF
499Ω
24.9Ω
499Ω
FET PROBE
RSNUB
AD8065
VIN
AD8065
NETWORK ANALYZER S22
0.1μF
49.9Ω
1kΩ
CLOAD
0.1μF
4.7μF
02916-E-043
–VEE
4.7μF
Figure 43. G = +2
–VEE
Figure 45. Output Impedance G = +1
Rev. H | Page 14 of 28
02916-E-045
249Ω
AD8065/AD8066
+VCC
VIN
1V p-p
4.7μF
+VCC
49.9Ω
0.1μF
24.9Ω
499Ω
499Ω
VIN
FET PROBE
FET PROBE
AD8065
AD8065
49.9Ω
499Ω
1kΩ
0.1μF
4.7μF
4.7μF
–VEE
1kΩ
02916-E-048
0.1μF
02916-E-046
499Ω
–VEE
Figure 46. CMRR
Figure 48. Positive PSRR
+VCC
+VCC
4.7μF
4.7μF
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0.1μF
2.2pF
499Ω
499Ω
499Ω
AD8065
NETWORK ANALYZER
S22
976Ω
249Ω
TO SCOPE
AD8065
VIN
0.1μF
0.1μF
49.9Ω
49.9Ω
4.7μF
–VEE
02916-E-047
249Ω
4.7μF
–VEE
Figure 49. Settling Time
Figure 47. Output Impedance G = +2
Rev. H | Page 15 of 28
02916-E-049
499Ω
0.1μF
AD8065/AD8066
24.9Ω
+VCC
4.7μF
FET PROBE
24.9Ω
0.1μF
AD8066
24.9Ω
+5V
1kΩ
4.7μF
0.1μF
RECEIVE SIDE
FET PROBE
AD8065
AD8066
VIN
1kΩ
0.1μF
49.9Ω
1kΩ
–VEE
4.7μF
02916-E-051
VIN
1V p-p
02916-E-050
49.9Ω
–5V
DRIVE SIDE
Figure 50. Negative PSRR
Figure 51. Crosstalk—AD8066
2.2pF
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499Ω
499Ω
5V
4.7μF
1.5V
0.1μF
FET PROBE
249Ω
AD8065
VIN
1kΩ
1.5V
1.5V
Figure 52. Single Supply
Rev. H | Page 16 of 28
02916-E-052
49.9Ω
AD8065/AD8066
THEORY OF OPERATION
The AD8065/AD8066 are voltage feedback operational amplifiers
that combine a laser-trimmed JFET input stage with the Analog
Devices eXtra Fast Complementary Bipolar (XFCB) process,
resulting in an outstanding combination of precision and speed.
The supply voltage range is from 5 V to 24 V. The amplifiers feature
a patented rail-to-rail output stage capable of driving within 0.5 V
of either power supply while sourcing or sinking up to 30 mA.
Also featured is a single-supply input stage that handles commonmode signals from below the negative supply to within 3 V of the
positive rail. Operation beyond the JFET input range is possible
because of an auxiliary bipolar input stage that functions with
input voltages up to the positive supply. The amplifiers operate as
if they have a rail-to-rail input and exhibit no phase reversal
behavior for common-mode voltages within the power supply.
With voltage noise of 7 nV/√Hz and −88 dBc distortion for
1 MHz, 2 V p-p signals, the AD8065/AD8066 are a great choice
for high resolution data acquisition systems. Their low noise,
sub-pA input current, precision offset, and high speed make
them superb preamps for fast photodiode applications. The
speed and output drive capability of the AD8065/AD8066 also
make them useful in video applications.
NONINVERTING CLOSED-LOOP FREQUENCY
RESPONSE
Solving for the transfer function
2π × f crossover (RG + RF )
VO
=
VI (RF + RG ) s + 2π × f crossover × RG
where fcrossover is the frequency where the amplifier’s open-loop
gain equals 0 db
At dc
VO RF + RG
=
VI
RG
Closed-loop −3 dB frequency
RG
RF + RG
f −3dB = f crossover ×
INVERTING CLOSED-LOOP FREQUENCY
RESPONSE
−2π × f crossover × RF
VO
=
VI s (RF + RG ) + 2π × f crossover × RG
At dc
VO
R
=− F
VI
RG
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CLOSED-LOOP FREQUENCY RESPONSE
The AD8065/AD8066 are classic voltage feedback amplifiers
with an open-loop frequency response that can be approximated as
the integrator response shown in Figure 53. Basic closed-loop
frequency response for inverting and noninverting configurations
can be derived from the schematics shown.
Closed-loop −3 dB frequency
f −3dB = f crossover ×
RF
RF
RG
VI
VE
VI
VO
A
RG
VE
A
VO
A = (2π × fcrossover)/s
80
60
40
fcrossover = 65MHz
20
0
0.01
0.1
1
FREQUENCY (MHz)
10
100
Figure 53. Open-Loop Gain vs. Frequency and Basic Connections
Rev. H | Page 17 of 28
02916-E-053
OPEN-LOOP GAIN (A) (dB)
RG
R F + RG
AD8065/AD8066
The closed-loop bandwidth is inversely proportional to the noise
gain of the op amp circuit, (RF + RG )/RG. This simple model is
accurate for noise gains above 2. The actual bandwidth of circuits
with noise gains at or below 2 is higher than those predicted
with this model due to the influence of other poles in the
frequency response of the real op amp.
RF
RS
Ib –
A
VO
Ib+
02916-E-054
VI
Figure 54. Voltage Feedback Amplifier DC Errors
Figure 54 shows a voltage feedback amplifier’s dc errors. For
both inverting and noninverting configurations
⎛ R + RF ⎞
⎛ R + RF ⎞
VO (error ) = I b+ × RS ⎜ G
⎟ − I b− × RF + VOS ⎜ G
⎟
R
G
⎝
⎠
⎝ RG ⎠
The voltage error due to Ib+ and Ib– is minimized if RS = RF || RG
(though with the AD8065 input currents at less than 20 pA over
temperature, this is likely not a concern). To include commonmode and power supply rejection effects, total VOS can be modeled
VOS nom
The closed-loop gain of the application
Whether it is inverting or noninverting
Amplifier loading
Signal frequency and amplitude
Board layout
INPUT PROTECTION
The inputs of the AD8065/AD8066 are protected with back-toback diodes between the input terminals as well as ESD diodes
to either power supply. This results in an input stage with picoamps
of input current that can withstand up to 1500 V ESD events
(human body model) with no degradation.
Excessive power dissipation through the protection devices
destroys or degrades the performance of the amplifier. Differential voltages greater than 0.7 V result in an input current of
approximately (|V+ − V−| 0.7 V)/RI, where RI is the resistance in
series with the inputs.
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Δ VS Δ VCM
= VOS nom +
+
PSR CMR
is the offset voltage specified at nominal conditions,
ΔVS is the change in power supply from nominal conditions,
PSR is the power supply rejection, ΔVCM is the change in commonmode voltage from nominal conditions, and CMR is the commonmode rejection.
WIDEBAND OPERATION
For input voltages beyond the positive supply, the input current
is approximately (VI − VCC − 0.7)/RI. Beyond the negative supply,
the input current is about (VI − VEE + 0.7)/RI. If the inputs of the
amplifier are to be subjected to sustained differential voltages
greater than 0.7 V, or to input voltages beyond the amplifier
power supply, input current should be limited to 30 mA by an
appropriately sized input resistor (RI), as shown in Figure 55.
RI >
(| V+– V– | – 0.7V)
RI >
30mA
FOR LARGE | V+ – V– |
Figure 42 through Figure 44 show the circuits used for wideband
characterization for gains of +1, +2, and −1. Source impedance at
the summing junction (RF || RG) forms a pole in the amplifier’s loop
response with the amplifier’s input capacitance of 6.6 pF. This
can cause peaking and ringing if the time constant formed is too
low. Feedback resistances of 300 Ω to 1 kΩ are recommended,
because they do not unduly load down the amplifier, and the
time constant formed will not be too low. Peaking in the
frequency response can be compensated for with a small
capacitor (CF) in parallel with the feedback resistor, as
illustrated in Figure 12. This shows the effect of different
feedback capacitances on the peaking and bandwidth for a
noninverting G = +2 amplifier.
For the best settling times and the best distortion, the impedances
at the AD8065/AD8066 input terminals should be matched. This
minimizes nonlinear common-mode capacitive effects that can
degrade ac performance.
Rev. H | Page 18 of 28
VI
RI
RI >
AD8065
(VI – VEE – 0.7V)
30mA
(VI – VEE + 0.7V)
30mA
FOR VI BEYOND
SUPPLY VOLTAGES
VO
02916-E-055
VOS
•
•
•
•
•
Also see Figure 16 to Figure 20. The lowest distortion is obtained
with the AD8065 used in low gain inverting applications,
because this eliminates common-mode effects. Higher closedloop gains result in worse distortion performance.
+VOS –
RG
Actual distortion performance depends on a number of
variables:
Figure 55. Current-Limiting Resistor
AD8065/AD8066
THERMAL CONSIDERATIONS
INPUT AND OUTPUT OVERLOAD BEHAVIOR
With 24 V power supplies and 6.5 mA quiescent current, the
AD8065 dissipates 156 mW with no load. The AD8066 dissipates
312 mW. This can lead to noticeable thermal effects, especially
in the small SOT-23-5 (thermal resistance of 160°C/W). VOS
temperature drift is trimmed to guarantee a maximum drift of
17 μV/°C, so it can change up to 0.425 mV due to warm-up
effects for an AD8065/AD8066 in a SOT-23-5 package on 24 V.
A simplified schematic of the AD8065/AD8066 input stage is
shown in Figure 56. This shows the cascoded N-channel JFET
input pair, the ESD and other protection diodes, and the
auxiliary NPN input stage that eliminates any phase inversion
behavior. When the common-mode input voltage to the amplifier
is driven to within approximately 3 V of the positive power supply,
the input JFET’s bias current turns off and the bias of the NPN
pair turns on, taking over control of the amplifier. The NPN
differential pair now sets the amplifier’s offset, and the input
bias current is now in the range of several tens of microamps.
This behavior is shown in Figure 32. Normal operation resumes
when the common-mode voltage goes below the 3 V from the
positive supply threshold.
Ib increases by a factor of 1.7 for every 10°C rise in temperature.
Ib is close to five times higher at 24 V supplies as opposed to a
single 5 V supply.
Heavy loads increase power dissipation and raise the chip
junction temperature as described in the Maximum Power
Dissipation section. Care should be taken not to exceed the
rated power dissipation of the package.
The output transistors of the rail-to-rail output stage have
circuitry to limit the extent of their saturation when the output
is overdriven. This helps output recovery time. Output recovery
from a 0.5 V output overdrive on a ±5 V supply is shown in
Figure 24.
VCC
R5
R1
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TO REST OF AMP
Q2
VTHRESHOLD
Q5
VBIAS
D1
R6
R3
Q3
S
Q6
D2
D3
R4
VP
D4
Q4
S
R7
R2
R8
IT1
Q7
IT2
–VEE
Figure 56. Simplified Input Stage
Rev. H | Page 19 of 28
02916-E-056
Q1
VN
AD8065/AD8066
LAYOUT, GROUNDING, AND BYPASSING CONSIDERATIONS
POWER SUPPLY BYPASSING
GROUNDING
Power supply pins are actually inputs and care must be taken so
that a noise-free stable dc voltage is applied. The purpose of
bypass capacitors is to create low impedances from the supply
to ground at all frequencies, thereby shunting or filtering most
of the noise.
A ground plane layer is important in densely packed PC boards
to spread the current minimizing parasitic inductances.
However, an understanding of where the current flows in a
circuit is critical to implementing effective high speed circuit
design. The length of the current path is directly proportional to
the magnitude of parasitic inductances and, therefore, the high
frequency impedance of the path. High speed currents in an
inductive ground return create unwanted voltage noise.
Decoupling schemes are designed to minimize the bypassing
impedance at all frequencies with a parallel combination of
capacitors. 0.1 μF (X7R or NPO) chip capacitors are critical and
should be as close as possible to the amplifier package. The
4.7 μF tantalum capacitor is less critical for high frequency
bypassing, and, in most cases, only one is needed per board at
the supply inputs.
The length of the high frequency bypass capacitor leads is most
critical. A parasitic inductance in the bypass grounding works
against the low impedance created by the bypass capacitor.
Place the ground leads of the bypass capacitors at the same
physical location. Because load currents flow from the supplies
as well, the ground for the load impedance should be at the
same physical location as the bypass capacitor grounds. For the
larger value capacitors, which are effective at lower frequencies,
the current return path distance is less critical.
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Rev. H | Page 20 of 28
AD8065/AD8066
LEAKAGE CURRENTS
OUTPUT CAPACITANCE
Poor PC board layout, contaminants, and the board insulator
material can create leakage currents that are much larger than
the input bias current of the AD8065/AD8066. Any voltage
differential between the inputs and nearby runs sets up leakage
currents through the PC board insulator, for example, 1 V/100 GΩ
= 10 pA. Similarly, any contaminants on the board can create
significant leakage (skin oils are a common problem). To reduce
leakage significantly, put a guard ring (shield) around the inputs
and input leads that are driven to the same voltage potential as
the inputs. This way there is no voltage potential between the
inputs and surrounding area to set up any leakage currents. For
the guard ring to be completely effective, it must be driven by a
relatively low impedance source and should completely
surround the input leads on all sides, above and below, using a
multilayer board.
To a lesser extent, parasitic capacitances on the output can cause
peaking and ringing of the frequency response. There are two
methods to effectively minimize their effect:
•
As shown in Figure 57, put a small value resistor (RS) in
series with the output to isolate the load capacitor from the
amp’s output stage. A good value to choose is 20 Ω (see
Figure 10).
•
Increase the phase margin with higher noise gains or add a
pole with a parallel resistor and capacitor from −IN to the
output.
AD8065
Another effect that can cause leakage currents is the charge
absorption of the insulator material itself. Minimizing the
amount of material between the input leads and the guard ring
helps to reduce the absorption. Also, low absorption materials,
such as Teflon® or ceramic, could be necessary in some instances.
RS = 20Ω
02916-E-057
VI
Figure 57. Output Isolation Resistor
INPUT CAPACITANCE
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Along with bypassing and ground, high speed amplifiers can be
sensitive to parasitic capacitance between the inputs and ground.
A few pF of capacitance reduces the input impedance at high
frequencies, in turn increasing the amplifier’s gain, causing peaking
of the frequency response or even oscillations, if severe enough.
It is recommended that the external passive components connected
to the input pins be placed as close as possible to the inputs to
avoid parasitic capacitance. The ground and power planes must
be kept at a small distance from the input pins on all layers of
the board.
CF
RF
RSH = 1011Ω
IPHOTO
CM
CS
CD
CM
VO
RF
Figure 58. Wideband Photodiode Preamp
Rev. H | Page 21 of 28
02916-E-058
VB
CF + CS
VO
CL
AD8065/AD8066
The preamp’s output noise over frequency is shown in Figure 59.
INPUT-TO-OUTPUT COUPLING
To minimize capacitive coupling between the inputs and output,
the output signal traces should not be parallel with the inputs.
f1 =
WIDEBAND PHOTODIODE PREAMP
I PHOTO × RF
1 + sC F RF
VOUT =
where IPHOTO is the output current of the photodiode, and the
parallel combination of RF and CF sets the signal bandwidth.
f2 =
VOLTAGE NOISE (nV/ Hz)
Figure 58 shows an I/V converter with an electrical model of a
photodiode. The basic transfer function is
f3 =
1
2π RF (CF + CS + CM + 2CD)
1
2πRFCF
fCR
(CS + CM + 2CD + CF) /CF
RF NOISE
f2
VEN (CF + CS + CM + 2CD)/CF
f3
f CR
2π × RF × C S
f ( 45 ) =
NOISE DUE TO AMPLIFIER
FREQUENCY (Hz)
Figure 59. Photodiode Voltage Noise Contributions
The pole in the loop transmission translates to a 0 in the
amplifier’s noise gain, leading to an amplification of the input
voltage noise over frequency. The loop transmission 0
introduced by CF limits the amplification. The noise gain
bandwidth extends past the preamp signal bandwidth and is
eventually rolled off by the decreasing loop gain of the
amplifier. Keeping the input terminal impedances matched is
recommended to eliminate common-mode noise peaking
effects, which adds to the output noise.
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
where fCR is the amplifier crossover frequency, RF is the feedback
resistor, and CS is the total capacitance at the amplifier summing
junction (amplifier + photodiode + board parasitics).
The value of CF that produces f(45) can be shown to be
CF =
VEN
CS
2π × RF × f CR
The frequency response in this case shows about 2 dB of
peaking and 15% overshoot. Doubling CF and cutting the
bandwidth in half results in a flat frequency response with
about 5% transient overshoot.
Integrating the square of the output voltage noise spectral
density over frequency and then taking the square root allows
users to obtain the total rms output noise of the preamp. Table 5
summarizes approximations for the amplifier and feedback and
source resistances. Noise components for an example preamp
with RF = 50 kΩ, CS = 15 pF, and CF = 2 pF (bandwidth of about
1.6 MHz) are also listed.
Table 5. RMS Noise Contributions of Photodiode Preamp
Contributor
RF (×2)
Expression
Amp to f1
VEN ×
f1
VEN ×
C S + C M + C F + 2C D
×
CF
VEN ×
C S + C M + 2C D + C F
× f 3 × 1.57
CF
Amp (f2 – f1)
Amp to (past f2)
RMS Noise with RF = 50 kΩ, CS = 15 pF, CS = 15 pF
64.5 μV
2 × 4 kT × RF × f 2 × 1.57
2.4 μV
f 2 − f1
02916-E-059
f1
The stable bandwidth attainable with this preamp is a function
of RF, the gain bandwidth product of the amplifier, and the total
capacitance at the amplifier’s summing junction, including CS
and the amplifier input capacitance. RF and the total capacitance
produce a pole in the amplifier’s loop transmission that can
result in peaking and instability. Adding CF creates a 0 in the
loop transmission that compensates for the pole’s effect and
reduces the signal bandwidth. It can be shown that the signal
bandwidth resulting in a 45° phase margin (f(45)) is defined by
31 μV
260 μV
270 μV (Total)
Rev. H | Page 22 of 28
AD8065/AD8066
VCC
0.1μF
4.7μF
RS1
1/2
VN
2.2pF
AD8066
0.1μF
4.7μF
R2
500Ω
VCC
VEE
4.7μF
0.1μF
R1
500Ω
RF = 500Ω
VO
AD8065
RG
4.7μ F
0.1μ F
R3
RF = 500Ω
VEE
500Ω
VCC
0.1μ F
4.7μF
R4
500Ω
1/2
VP
2.2pF
AD8066
0.1μ F
4.7μF
02916-E-060
RS2
VEE
Figure 60. High Speed Instrumentation Amplifier
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
VIDEO BUFFER
Figure 60 shows an example of a high speed instrumentation
amplifier with high input impedance using the
AD8065/AD8066. The dc transfer function is
⎛ 1 + 1000 ⎞
VOUT = (VN − VP ) ⎜
⎟
⎝ RG ⎠
The output current capability and speed of the AD8065 make it
useful as a video buffer, shown in Figure 61.
The G = +2 configuration compensates for the voltage division
of the signal due to the signal termination. This buffer maintains
0.1 dB flatness for signals up to 7 MHz, from low amplitudes up
to 2 V p-p (see Figure 7). Differential gain and phase have been
measured to be 0.02% and 0.028°, respectively, at ±5 V supplies.
For G = +1, it is recommended that the feedback resistors for
the two preamps be set to a low value (for instance 50 Ω for
50 Ω source impedance). The bandwidth for G = +1 is 50 MHz.
For higher gains, the bandwidth is set by the preamp, equaling
Inamp−3dB = ( f CR × RG )/ (2 × RF )
+VS
0.1μ F
249Ω
+
VI
–
75Ω
AD8065
75Ω
0.1μ F
Common-mode rejection of the in-amp is primarily
determined by the match of the resistor ratios R1:R2 to R3:R4.
It can be estimated
(δ1 − δ2 )
VO
=
VCM (1 + δ1) δ2
Rev. H | Page 23 of 28
4.7μ F
+
VO
–
–VS
2.2pF
499Ω
The summing junction impedance for the preamps is equal to
RF || 0.5(RG). This is the value to be used for matching purposes.
4.7μ F
499Ω
Figure 61. Video Buffer
02916-E-061
HIGH SPEED JFET INPUT INSTRUMENTATION
AMPLIFIER
AD8065/AD8066
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
5.00 (0.1968)
4.80 (0.1890)
5
1
6.20 (0.2441)
5.80 (0.2284)
4
1.27 (0.0500)
BSC
1.75 (0.0688)
1.35 (0.0532)
0.25 (0.0098)
0.10 (0.0040)
0.51 (0.0201)
0.31 (0.0122)
COPLANARITY
0.10
SEATING
PLANE
0.50 (0.0196)
0.25 (0.0099)
45°
8°
0°
0.25 (0.0098)
0.17 (0.0067)
1.27 (0.0500)
0.40 (0.0157)
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-012-A A
CONTROLLING DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETERS; INCH DIMENSIONS
(IN PARENTHESES) ARE ROUNDED-OFF MILLIMETER EQUIVALENTS FOR
REFERENCE ONLY AND ARE NOT APPROPRIATE FOR USE IN DESIGN.
012407-A
8
4.00 (0.1574)
3.80 (0.1497)
Figure 62. 8-Lead Standard Small Outline Package [SOIC_N]
Narrow Body (R-8)
Dimensions shown in millimeters and (inches)
2.90 BSC
5
4
2.80 BSC
1.60 BSC
1
2
3
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
PIN 1
0.95 BSC
1.90
BSC
1.30
1.15
0.90
1.45 MAX
0.15 MAX
0.50
0.30
0.22
0.08
10°
5°
0°
SEATING
PLANE
0.60
0.45
0.30
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MO-178-A A
Figure 63. 5-Lead Small Outline Transistor Package [SOT-23]
(RJ-5)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
3.20
3.00
2.80
8
3.20
3.00
2.80
1
5
5.15
4.90
4.65
4
PIN 1
0.65 BSC
0.95
0.85
0.75
1.10 MAX
0.15
0.00
0.38
0.22
COPLANARITY
0.10
0.23
0.08
8°
0°
SEATING
PLANE
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MO-187-AA
Figure 64. 8-Lead Mini Small Outline Package [MSOP]
(RM-8)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
Rev. H | Page 24 of 28
0.80
0.60
0.40
AD8065/AD8066
ORDERING GUIDE
Model
AD8065AR
AD8065AR-REEL
AD8065AR-REEL7
AD8065ARZ 1
AD8065ARZ-REEL1
AD8065ARZ-REEL71
AD8065ART-R2
AD8065ART-REEL
AD8065ART-REEL7
AD8065ARTZ-R21
AD8065ARTZ-REEL1
AD8065ARTZ-REEL71
AD8066AR
AD8066AR-REEL
AD8066AR-REEL7
AD8066ARZ1
AD8066ARZ-RL1
AD8066ARZ-R71
AD8066ARM
AD8066ARM-REEL
AD8066ARM-REEL7
AD8066ARMZ1
AD8066ARMZ-REEL71
1
Temperature Range
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
−40°C to +85°C
Package Description
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
5-Lead SOT-23
5-Lead SOT-23
5-Lead SOT-23
5-Lead SOT-23
5-Lead SOT-23
5-Lead SOT-23
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead SOIC_N
8-Lead MSOP
8-Lead MSOP
8-Lead MSOP
8-Lead MSOP
8-Lead MSOP
Package Option
R-8
R-8
R-8
R-8
R-8
R-8
RJ-5
RJ-5
RJ-5
RJ-5
RJ-5
RJ-5
R-8
R-8
R-8
R-8
R-8
R-8
RM-8
RM-8
RM-8
RM-8
RM-8
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Z = RoHS Compliant Part, # denotes RoHS compliant product may be top or bottom marked.
Rev. H | Page 25 of 28
Branding
HRA
HRA
HRA
HRA #
HRA #
HRA #
H1B
H1B
H1B
H7C
H7C
AD8065/AD8066
NOTES
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
Rev. H | Page 26 of 28
AD8065/AD8066
NOTES
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
Rev. H | Page 27 of 28
AD8065/AD8066
NOTES
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
©2002–2008 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
D02916-0-8/08(H)
Rev. H | Page 28 of 28
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