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AD7367 数据手册DataSheet下载
Preliminary Technical Data
True Bipolar Input, Dual
1μs, 14-Bit, 2-Channel SAR ADC
AD7367
FEATURES
Dual 14-bit, 2-channel ADC
True Bipolar Analog Inputs
Programmable Input Ranges
±10, ±5, 0 to 10 V
Throughput rate: 1 MSPS
Simultaneous conversion with read in 1μs
Specified for VCC of 5 V±5%
Low current consumption: 5.65 mA max
Wide input bandwidth
14 bits No Missing Codes
On-chip reference: 2.5 V
–40°C to +85°C operation
High speed serial interface
SPI®/QSPI™/MICROWIRE™/DSP compatible
iCMOSTM Process Technology
24-lead TSSOP package
For 12 bit version see AD7366
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The AD73671 is a dual, 14-bit, high speed, low power, successive
approximation ADC that features throughput rates up to 1
MSPS. The device contains two ADCs, each preceded by a 2channel multiplexer, and a low noise, wide bandwidth trackand-hold amplifier that can handle input frequencies in excess
of 10 MHz.
The AD7367 is fabricated on Analog Devices’ Industrial CMOS
process, iCMOS, a technology platform combining the
advantages of low and high voltage CMOS, bipolar and high
voltage DMOS processes. The process allows the AD7367 to
accept high voltage bipolar signals in addition to reducing
power consumption and package size.
The AD7367 can accept true bipolar analog input signals in the
±10 V range, ±5 V range and 0 to 10 V range.
Figure 1
Table 1.Related Products
Device
Number
Resolution
Throughput
Rate
Number of
Channels
AD7366
12-Bit
1 MSPS
Dual, 2-ch
AD7366-5
12-Bit
500 KSPS
Dual, 2-ch
AD7367-5
14-Bit
500 KSPS
Dual, 2-ch
The AD7367 has an on-chip 2.5 V reference that can be
overdriven if an external reference is preferred. The AD7367 is
available in a 24-lead TSSOP package.
1
Protected by U.S. Patent No. 6,681,332.
iCMOSTM Process Technology
For analog systems designers within industrial/instrumentation equipment OEMs who need high performance ICs at higher-voltage levels, iCMOS is a technology
platform that enables the development of analog ICs capable of 30V and operating at +/- 15V supplies while allowing dramatic reductions in power consumption and
package size, and increased AC and DC performance.
Rev. PrD
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no
responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its use, nor for any infringements of patents or other
rights of third parties that may result from its use. Specifications subject to change without notice. No
license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.
Trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 781.329.4700
www.analog.com
Fax: 781.461.3113
©2006 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
AD7367
Preliminary Technical Data
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FEATURES ........................................................................................ 1
Analog Inputs ............................................................................. 11
GENERAL DESCRIPTION ............................................................ 1
VDRIVE ............................................................................................ 12
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM............................................. 1
Reference ..................................................................................... 12
Revision History ............................................................................... 2
Modes of Operation ....................................................................... 12
Specifications..................................................................................... 3
NORMAL MODE ...................................................................... 12
Timing Specifications .................................................................. 5
Shut-down Mode........................................................................ 12
Absolute Maximum Ratings............................................................ 6
POWER-UP TIMES................................................................... 12
ESD Caution.................................................................................. 6
Serial Interface ................................................................................ 12
Pin Configuration and Function Descriptions............................. 7
Outline Dimensions ....................................................................... 12
Terminology ...................................................................................... 9
Ordering Guide............................................................................... 12
Theory of operation ................................................................... 10
REVISION HISTORY
4/06—PRA: Initial Version
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
5/06—PRA changes to PRB: Initial Version
10/06—PRB changes to PRC: Modified Supply specifications
Rev. PrD | Page 2 of 16
AD7367
Preliminary Technical Data
SPECIFICATIONS
AVCC = DVCC =4.75 V to 5.25 V, VDD = 11.5 V to 16.5 V, VSS = −11.5 V to −16.5 V, VDRIVE = 2.7 V to 5.25V, fSAMPLE = 1MSPS, fSCLK = 48MHz,
VREF = 2.5 V Internal/External; TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted1.
Table 2.
Parameter
DYNAMIC PERFORMANCE
Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR)2
Signal-to-Noise + Distortion Ratio
(SINAD)2
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) 2
Spurious Free Dynamic Range (SFDR) 2
Intermodulation Distortion (IMD) 2
Second Order Terms
Third Order Terms
Channel-to-Channel Isolation2
SAMPLE AND HOLD
Aperture Delay3
Aperture Jitter3
Aperture Delay Matching3
Full Power Bandwidth
DC ACCURACY
Resolution
Integral Nonlinearity2
Differential Nonlinearity2
Positive Full Scale Error2
Positive Full Scale Error Match2
Zero Code Error2
Zero Code Error Match2
Negative Full Scale Error2
Negative Full Scale Error Match2
ANALOG INPUT
Input Voltage Ranges
Min
Typ
TDB
TBD
79
78
-85
-85
Max
Unit
Test Conditions/
Comments
fIN = 50 kHz sine wave;
dB
dB
TBD
TBD
dB
dB
fa = 49 kHz, fb = 51 kHz
-91
-89
-88
dB
dB
dB
10
40
100
65
15
ns
ps
ps
MHz
MHz
@ 3 dB, ±10 V range
@ 0.1 dB, ±10 V range
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
14
±2
±0.99
±5
±0.5
±1
±1
±5
±0.5
(Programmed via RANGE Pins)
DC Leakage Current
Input Capacitance
Input impedance
Bits
LSB
LSB
LSB
LSB
LSB
LSB
LSB
LSB
±10
V
±5
V
0 to
10V
V
±1
µA
p
pF
pF
KΩ
MΩ
KΩ
MΩ
12
15
3
260
2.3
125
1.1
Rev. PrD | Page 3 of 16
Guaranteed no missed codes to 14 bits
VDD = +11.5V min, VSS = −11.5V min, VCC
= 4.75V to 5.25V
VDD = +11.5V min, VSS = −11.5V min, VCC
= 4.75V to 5.25V
VDD = +11.5V min, VSS = -11.5V min, VCC
= 4.75V to 5.25V
See Table 6.
When in track, ±10 V range
When in track, ±5 V or 0 to 10 V range
When in hold
For ±10V @1 Msps
For ±10V @100 Ksps
For ±5 / 0-10V @1 Msps
For ±5 / 0-10V @100Ksps
AD7367
Preliminary Technical Data
Parameter
Min
REFERENCE INPUT/OUTPUT
Reference Output Voltage4
Reference Input Voltage Range
DC Leakage Current
Input Capacitance
VREFA, VREFB Output Impedance
Reference Temperature Coefficient
VREF Noise
LOGIC INPUTS
Input High Voltage, VINH
Input Low Voltage, VINL
Input Current, IIN
Input Capacitance, CIN3
LOGIC OUTPUTS
Output High Voltage, VOH
Output Low Voltage, VOL
Floating State Leakage Current
Floating State Output Capacitance3
CONVERSION RATE
Conversion Time
Track/Hold Acquisition Time3
Throughput Rate
Typ
2.5
+2.5
25
10
10
20
Max
Unit
Test Conditions/
Comments
2.5
3.0
±1
V
V
µA
±0.2% max @ 25°C
20
0.7× VDRIVE
pF
Ω
ppm/°C
µVRMS
0.8
±1
V min
V max
µA max
pF typ
0.4
±1
V
V
µA
pF
5
VDRIVE − 0.2
10
External reference applied to Pin
VREFA/Pin VREFB
VIN = 0 V or VDRIVE
680
140
1
ns
ns
MSPS
KSPS
5.25
+16.5
-11.5
5.25
V
V
V
V
250
50
1.8
µA
µA
mA
925
725
4
µA
µA
mA
VDD = +16.5 V
VSS = −16.5 V
VCC = 5.5 V
fs = 1 MSPS
VDD = +16.5 V
VSS = −16.5 V
VCC = 5.25 V, internal reference enabled
1
1
1
µA
µA
µA
VDD = +16.5 V
VSS = −16.5 V
VCC = 5.25 V
48.23
15
38.25
mW
µW
µW
VDD = +16.5V, VSS = −16.5V, VCC = 5.25V
VDD = +5V, VSS = −5V, VCC = 5V
VDD = +16.5V, VSS = −16.5V, VCC = 5.25
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
900
POWER REQUIREMENTS
VCC
VDD
VSS
VDRIVE
Normal Mode (Static)
IDD
ISS
ICC
Normal Mode (Operational)
IDD
ISS
ICC
Shut-Down Mode
IDD
ISS
ICC
Power Dissipation
Normal Mode (Operational)
Shut-Down
Shut-Down
4.75
+11.5
-16.5
2.7
1
Temperature range is −40°C to +85°C
See Terminology section.
Sample tested during initial release to ensure compliance.
4
Refers to pins VREFA or VREFB.
2
3
Rev. PrD | Page 4 of 16
Full-scale step input;
For 4.75V≤VDRIVE≤5.25V, fSCLK = 48MHz
For 2.7V≤VDRIVE<4.75V , fSCLK = 35MHz
Digital I/Ps = 0 V or VDRIVE
See Table 6
See Table 6
See Table 6
AD7367
Preliminary Technical Data
TIMING SPECIFICATIONS
AVCC = DVCC =4.75 V to 5.25 V, VDD = 11.5V to 16.5 V, VSS = −11.5V to −16.5 V, VDRIVE = 2.7 V to 5.25V, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless
otherwise noted1.
Table 3.
Limit at TMIN , TMAX
Parameter
Unit
Test Conditions / Comments
ns max
Conversion time, Internal clock. CONVST falling edge to BUSY falling
edge
Frequency of serial read clock.
2.7V≤VDRIVE<4.75V
680
4.75V≤VDRIVE≤5.25V
680
fSCLK
10
35
10
48
tQUIET
30
30
kHz min
MHz
max
ns min
t1
t2
t3
10
5
0
10
5
0
ns min
ns min
ns min
t4
10
10
ns max
t52
t6
t7
t8
t9
t10
20
5
0.1 tSCLK
0.1 tSCLK
10
5
10
70
14
5
0.1 tSCLK
0.1 tSCLK
10
5
10
70
ns max
ns min
ns min
ns min
ns max
ns min
ns max
μs
tCONVERT
tPOWER-UP
Minimum quiet time required between end of serial read and start of
next conversion
Minimum CONVST Low pulse.
CONVST falling edge to BUSY rising edge.
BUSY falling edge to MSB valid once CS is low for t4 prior to BUSY going
Low
Delay from CS falling edge until DOUTA and DOUTB are three-state
disabled
Data access time after SCLK falling edge
SCLK to data valid hold time
SCLK low pulse width
SCLK high pulse width
CS rising edge to DOUTA, DOUTB, high impedance
SCLK falling edge to DOUTA, DOUTB, high impedance
SCLK falling edge to DOUTA, DOUTB, high impedance
Power up time from shutdown mode. Time required between CONVST
rising edge and CONVST falling edge.
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
1
Sample tested during initial release to ensure compliance. All input signals are specified with tr = tf = 5 ns (10% to 90% of VDD) and timed from a voltage level of 1.6 V.
All timing specifications given are with a 25 pF load capacitance. With a load capacitance greater than this value, a digital buffer or latch must be used. See
Terminology section and Figure 9.
2
The time required for the output to cross 0.4 V or 2.4 V.
Rev. PrD | Page 5 of 16
AD7367
Preliminary Technical Data
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Table 4
Parameter
VDD to AGND, DGND
VSS to AGND, DGND
VDRIVE to DGND
VDD to AVcc
AVCC to AGND, DGND
DVCC to AVCC
DVCC to DGND
VDRIVE to AGND
AGND to DGND
Analog Input Voltage to AGND
Digital Input Voltage to DGND
Digital Output Voltage to GND
VREFA, VREFB input to AGND
Input Current to Any Pin
Except Supplies1
Operating Temperature Range
Storage Temperature Range
Junction Temperature
TSSOP Package
θJA Thermal Impedance
θJC Thermal Impedance
Pb-free Temperature, Soldering
Reflow
ESD
Rating
−0.3 V to +16.5 V
−0.3 V to +16.5 V
−0.3 V to DVDD
Vcc – 0.3V to +16.5V
-0.3V to +7V
-0.3 V to + 0.3V
-0.3 V to + 7V
−0.3 V to DVCC
−0.3 V to +0.3 V
VSS −0.3 V to VDD + 0.3 V
−0.3 V to VDRIVE + 0.3 V
−0.3 V to VDRIVE + 0.3 V
−0.3 V to AVCC + 0.3 V
±10 mA
−40°C to +85°C
−65°C to +150°C
150°C
128°C/W
42°C/W
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
1
260(+0)°C
TBD kV
Transient currents of up to 100 mA will not cause latch up.
ESD CAUTION
ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device. Electrostatic charges as high as 4000 V readily accumulate on
the human body and test equipment and can discharge without detection. Although this product features
proprietary ESD protection circuitry, permanent damage may occur on devices subjected to high energy
electrostatic discharges. Therefore, proper ESD precautions are recommended to avoid performance
degradation or loss of functionality.
Rev. PrD | Page 6 of 16
Preliminary Technical Data
AD7367
PIN CONFIGURATION AND FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
DOUTA
24 DGND
1
VDRIVE 2
23
DVCC 3
RANGE1 4
RANGE0 5
ADDR
6
AGND
AVCC
DOUTB
22 BUSY
21 CNVST
AD7367
20 SCLK
TOP VIEW
19 CS
(Not to Scale)
18 REFSEL
7
8
DCAP A 9
VSS 10
17 AGND
16 DCAP B
15
VDD
VA1
11
14
VA2
12
13
VB1
VB2
Figure 2 24-Lead RU-24.
Table 5. Pin Function Descriptions
Pin No.
Mnemonic
Description
1, 23
DOUTA,
DOUTB
Serial Data Outputs. The data output is supplied to each pin as a serial data stream. The bits are clocked out
on the falling edge of the SCLK input and 14 SCLK cycles are required to access the data. The data
simultaneously appears on both pins from the simultaneous conversions of both ADCs. The data stream
consists of the 14 bits of conversion data and is provided MSB first. If CS is held low for a further 14 SCLK
cycles on either DOUTA or DOUTB, the data from the other ADC follows on the DOUT pin. This allows data
from a simultaneous conversion on both ADCs to be gathered in serial format on either DOUTA or DOUTB
using only one serial port. See the Serial Interface section.
2
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VDRIVE
Logic Power Supply Input. The voltage supplied at this pin determines at what voltage the interface will
operate. This pin should be decoupled to DGND. The voltage range on this pin is 2.7V to 5.25V and may be
different to that at AVCC and DVCC but should never exceed either by more than 0.3V To achieve a
throughput rate of 1Msps VDRIVE must be greater than or equal to 4.75V
3
DVCC
Digital Supply Voltage, 4.75V to 5.25V. The DVCC and AVCC voltages should ideally be at the same potential.
For best performance it is recommended that DVCC and AVCC pins be shorted together, to ensure the voltage
difference between them never exceed 0.3 V even on a transient basis. This supply should be decoupled to
DGND. 10 µF and 100 nF decoupling capacitors should be placed on the DVCC pin.
4,5
RANGE0,
RANGE1
Analog Input Range Selection. Logic inputs. The polarity on these pins determines the input range of the
analog input channels. See Analog Inputs section and Table 7 for details
6
ADDR
Multiplexer Select. Logic input. This input is used to select the pair of channels to be simultaneously
converted, either Channel 1 of both ADC A and ADC B, or Channel 2 of both ADC A and ADCB. The logic
state on this pin is latched on the rising edge of BUSY to set up the multiplexer for the next conversion.
7,17
AGND
Analog Ground. Ground reference point for all analog circuitry on the AD7367. All analog input signals and
any external reference signal should be referred to this AGND voltage. Both AGND pins should connect to
the AGND plane of a system. The AGND and DGND voltages ideally should be at the same potential and
must not be more than 0.3 V apart, even on a transient basis.
8
AVCC
Analog Supply Voltage, 4.75 V to 5.25 V. This is the supply voltage for the ADC cores. The AVCC and DVCC
voltages ideally should be at the same potential. For best performance it is recommended that DVCC and
AVCC pins be shorted together, to ensure the voltage difference between them never exceed 0.3 V even on a
transient basis. This supply should be decoupled to AGND. 10 µF and 100 nF decoupling capacitors should
be placed on the AVCC pins.
9,16
DCAPA,
DCAPB
Decoupling Capacitor Pins. Decoupling capacitors are connected to these pins to decouple the reference
buffer for each respective ADC. For best performance it is recommended to use 680nF decoupling capacitor
on these pins. Provided the output is buffered, the on-chip reference can be taken from these pins and
Rev. PrD | Page 7 of 16
AD7367
Preliminary Technical Data
applied externally to the rest of a system.
10
VSS
Negative power supply voltage. This is the negative supply voltage for the Analog Input section. The supply
must be less than a maximum voltage of -11.5V for all input ranges. See Table 6 for further details. 10 µF and
100 nF decoupling capacitors should be placed on the VSS pin.
11,12
VA1, VA2
Analog Inputs of ADC A. These are both single-ended analog inputs. The Analog input range on these
channels is determined by the RANGE0 and RANGE1 pins.
13,14
VB2, VB1
Analog Inputs of ADC B. These are both single-ended analog inputs. The Analog input range on these
channels is determined by the RANGE0 and RANGE1 pins.
15
VDD
Positive power supply voltage. This is the positive supply voltage for the Analog Input section. The supply
must be greater than a minimum voltage of 11.5V for all the analog input ranges. See Table 6 for further
details. 10 µF and 100 nF decoupling capacitors should be placed on the VDD pin.
18
REFSEL
Internal/External Reference Selection. Logic input. If this pin is tied to a logic high, the on-chip 2.5 V
reference is used as the reference source for both ADC A and ADC B. In addition, Pin DCAPA and Pin DCAPB
must be tied to decoupling capacitors. If the REF SELECT pin is tied to GND, an external reference can be
supplied to the AD7367 through the DCAPA and/or DCAPB pins.
19
CS
Chip Select. Active low logic input. This input frames the serial data transfer. When CS is logic low the
output bus is enabled and the conversion result is output on DOUTA, and DOUTB.
20
SCLK
Serial Clock. Logic input. A serial clock input provides the SCLK for accessing the data from the AD7367.
21
CONVST
Conversion Start. Edge triggered logic input. On the falling edge of this input the track/hold goes into hold
mode and conversion is initiated. If CONVST is low at the end of a conversion, the part goes into powerdown mode. In this case, the rising edge of CONVST will instruct the part to power up again.
22
BUSY
BUSY Output. Transitions high when a conversion is started and remains high until the conversion is
complete.
24
DGND
Digital Ground. This is the ground reference point for all digital circuitry on the AD7367. The DGND pin
should connect to the DGND plane of a system. The DGND and AGND voltages should ideally be at the
same potential and must not be more than 0.3 V apart, even on a transient basis.
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
Rev. PrD | Page 8 of 16
Preliminary Technical Data
AD7367
TERMINOLOGY
Differential Nonlinearity
Differential nonlinearity is the difference between the measured
and the ideal 1 LSB change between any two adjacent codes in
the ADC.
Integral Nonlinearity
Integral nonlinearity is the maximum deviation from a straight
line passing through the endpoints of the ADC transfer function.
The endpoints of the transfer function are zero scale, a single
(1) LSB point below the first code transition and full scale, a
point 1 LSB above the last code transition.
Zero Code Error
It is the deviation of the midscale transition (all 1s to all 0s)
from the ideal VIN voltage, i.e., AGND – 1/2 LSB for bipolar
ranges and 2×VREF−1LSB for the unipolar range.
Positive Full Scale Error
It is the deviation of the last code transition (011…110) to
(011…111) from the ideal ( +4 × VREF - 1 LSB or + 2 x VREF – 1
LSB) after the Zero Code Error has been adjusted out.
Negative Full Scale Error
This is the deviation of the first code transition (10…000) to
(10…001) from the ideal (i.e., - 4 x VREF + 1 LSB, - 2 x VREF + 1
LSB or AGND + 1LSB) after the Zero Code Error has been
adjusted out.
Signal to (Noise + Distortion) = (6.02N + 1.76) dB
Thus for a 12-bit converter, this is 74 dB.
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)
Total harmonic distortion is the ratio of the rms sum of
harmonics to the fundamental. For the AD7367, it is defined as:
THD (dB ) = 20 log
V 2 2 + V3 2 + V 4 2 + V5 2 + V6 2
V1
where V1 is the rms amplitude of the fundamental and V2, V3,
V4, V5 and V6 are the rms amplitudes of the second through the
sixth harmonics.
Peak Harmonic or Spurious Noise
Peak harmonic, or spurious noise, is defined as the ratio of the
rms value of the next largest component in the ADC output
spectrum (up to fS/2, excluding dc) to the rms value of the
fundamental. Normally, the value of this specification is
determined by the largest harmonic in the spectrum, but for
ADCs where the harmonics are buried in the noise floor, it is a
noise peak.
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Zero Code Error Match
This is the difference in zero code error across all 12 channels.
Positive Full Scale Error Match
This is the difference in positive full scale error across all
channels.
Negative Full Scale Error Match
This is the difference in negative full-scale error across all
channels.
Track-and-Hold Acquisition Time
The track-and-hold amplifier returns to track mode at the end
of conversion. Track-and-hold acquisition time is the time
required for the output of the track-and-hold amplifier to reach
its final value, within ±1/2 LSB, after the end of conversion.
Signal to (Noise + Distortion) Ratio
This ratio is the measured ratio of signal to (noise + distortion)
at the output of the A/D converter. The signal is the rms
amplitude of the fundamental. Noise is the sum of all nonfundamental signals up to half the sampling frequency (fS/2),
excluding dc. The ratio is dependent on the number of
quantization levels in the digitization process; the more levels,
the smaller the quantization noise. The theoretical signal to
(noise + distortion) ratio for an ideal N-bit converter with a sine
wave input is given by:
Channel-to-Channel Isolation
Channel-to-channel isolation is a measure of the level of
crosstalk between any two channels when operating in the +/10 V Range. It is measured by applying a full-scale, 150 kHz
sine wave signal to all unselected input channels and
determining how much that signal is attenuated in the selected
channel with a 50 kHz signal. The figure given is the worst-case
across all four channels for the AD7367. See also Typical
Performance Characteristics.
Intermodulation Distortion
With inputs consisting of sine waves at two frequencies, fa and
fb, any active device with nonlinearities will create distortion
products at sum, and difference frequencies of mfa ± nfb where
m, n = 0, 1, 2, 3, and so on. Intermodulation distortion terms
are those for which neither m nor n are equal to zero. For
example, the second order terms include (fa + fb) and (fa − fb),
while the third order terms include (2fa + fb), (2fa − fb), (fa +
2fb) and (fa − 2fb).
The AD7367 is tested using the CCIF standard where two input
frequencies near the top end of the input bandwidth are used.
In this case, the second order terms are usually distanced in
frequency from the original sine waves, while the third order
terms are usually at a frequency close to the input frequencies.
As a result, the second and third order terms are specified
separately. The calculation of the intermodulation distortion is
as per the THD specification, where it is the ratio of the rms
sum of the individual distortion products to the rms amplitude
of the sum of the fundamentals expressed in dBs.
Rev. PrD | Page 9 of 16
AD7367
Preliminary Technical Data
PSRR (Power Supply Rejection)
Variations in power supply affect the full-scale transition but
not the converter’s linearity. Power supply rejection is the
maximum change in the full-scale transition point due to a
change in power supply voltage from the nominal value (see
figure x).
up the REFSEL pin must be tied to either a high or low logic
state to select either the internal or external reference option. If
the internal reference is the preferred option, the user must tie
the REFSEL pin logic high. Alternatively, if REFSEL is tied to
GND then an external reference can be supplied to both ADC’s
through DCAPA & DCAPB pins.
THEORY OF OPERATION
The analog inputs are configured as two single ended inputs for
each ADC. The various different input voltage ranges can be
selected by programming the RANGE bits as shown in Table 7.
Circuit Information
The AD7367 is a fast, dual, 2-Channel, 14-bit, Bipolar Input,
Serial A/D converter. The AD7367 can accept bipolar input
ranges of ±10V and ±5V. It can also accept a 0 to 10V unipolar
input range. The AD7367 requires VDD and VSS dual supplies for
the high voltage analog input structure. These supplies must be
equal to or greater than 11.5V. See Table 6 for the minimum
requirements on these supplies for each Analog Input Range.
The AD7367 requires a low voltage 4.75V to 5.25 V VCC supply
to power the ADC core.
Table 6. Reference and Supply Requirements for each Analog
Input Range
Selected
Analog
Input
Range (V)
±10
±5
0 to 10
Reference
Voltage
(V)
2.5
Full
Scale
Input
Range(V)
±10
AVCC
(V)
Minimum
VDD/VSS (V)
5
±11.5
3.0
±12
5
±12
2.5
3.0
2.5
3.0
±5
±6
0 to 10
0 to 12
5
5
5
5
±11.5
±11.5
±11.5
±12
The AD7367 also features power-down option to allow power
saving between conversions. The power-down feature is
implemented via the CONVST pin as described in the Modes of
Operation section.
Converter Operation
The AD7367 has two successive approximation analog-todigital converters, each based around two capacitive DACs.
Figure 3 and Figure 4 show simplified schematics of one of
these ADCs in acquisition and conversion phase, respectively.
The ADC is comprised of control logic, a SAR, and two
capacitive DACs. In Figure 3 (the acquisition phase), SW2 is
closed and SW1 is in Position A, the comparator is held in a
balanced condition, and the sampling capacitor arrays acquire
the signal on the input.
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CAPACITIVE
DAC
VIN
A
SW1
CONTROL
LOGIC
B
SW2
COMPARATOR
AGND
The AD7367 contains two on-chip differential track-and-hold
amplifiers, two successive approximation A/D converters, and a
serial interface with two separate data output pins. It is housed
in a 24-lead TSSOP package, offering the user considerable
space-saving advantages over alternative solutions. The AD7367
requires a CONVST signal to start conversion. On the falling
edge of CONVST both track-and-holds will be placed into hold
mode and the conversions are initiated. The BUSY signal will go
high to indicate the conversions are taking place. The clock
source for each successive approximation ADC is provided by
an internal oscillator. The BUSY signal will go low to indicate
the end of conversion. On the falling edge of BUSY the trackand-hold will return to track mode. Once the conversion is
finished, the serial clock input accesses data from the part.
Figure 3 ADC Acquisition Phase
When the ADC starts a conversion (Figure 4), SW2 opens and
SW1 moves to Position B, causing the comparator to become
unbalanced. The control logic and the charge redistribution
DACs are used to add and subtract fixed amounts of charge
from the sampling capacitor to bring the comparator back into a
balanced condition. When the comparator is rebalanced, the
conversion is complete. The control logic generates the ADC
output code.
The AD7367 has an on-chip 2.5 V reference that can be
overdriven when an external reference is preferred. If the
internal reference is to be used elsewhere in a system, then the
output from DCAPA & DCAPB must first be buffered. On Power
Rev. PrD | Page 10 of 16
Preliminary Technical Data
AD7367
CAPACITIVE
DAC
A
VIN
SW1
CONTROL
LOGIC
B
SW2
COMPARATOR
The AD7367 requires VDD and VSS dual supplies for the high
voltage analog input structures. These supplies must be equal to
or greater than ±11.5V. See Table 6 for the requirements on
these supplies. The AD7367 requires a low voltage 4.75V to 5.25
V AVCC supply to power the ADC core, a 4.75V to 5.25V DVCC
supply for the Digital Power and a 2.7V to 5.25V VDRIVE supply
for the interface power.
Channel selection is made via the ADDR pin as shown in
AGND
Figure 4 ADC Conversion Phase
Table 8. The logic level on the ADDR pin is latched on the rising
edge of BUSY for the next conversion, not the one in progress.
When power is first supplied to the AD7367 the default channel
selection will be VA1 and VB1.
ANALOG INPUTS
Each ADC in the AD7367 has two Single Ended Analog Inputs.
Figure 5 shows the equivalent circuit of the analog input
structure of the AD7367. The two diodes provide ESD
protection. Care must be taken to ensure that the analog input
signals never exceed the supply rails by more than 300 mV. This
causes these diodes to become forward-biased and starts
conducting current into the substrate. These diodes can
conduct up to 10 mA without causing irreversible damage to
the part. Capacitor C1 in Figure 5 is typically 5 pF and can
primarily be attributed to pin capacitance. The resistors are
lumped components made up of the on resistance of the
switches. The value of these resistors is typically about TBD Ω.
Capacitor C2 is the ADC’s sampling capacitors with a
capacitance of approximately TBD pF for the ±10V input range
and approximately TBD pF for all other input ranges.
Table 8. Channel Selection
ADDR
Channels Selected
0
VA1, VB1
1
VA2, VB2
Transfer Function
The AD7367 output coding is two’s complement. The designed
code transitions occur at successive integer LSB values (i.e. 1
LSB, 2 lSB, and so on). The LSB size is dependant on the analog
input range selected.
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Table 9 LSB sizes for each Analog Input Range.
VDD
R1
VIN0
C1
04852-023
D
C2
VSS
Figure 5 Equivalent Analog Input Structure
Input Range
Full Scale Range/4096
LSB Size
±10 V
20 V/16384
1.22mV
±5 V
10 V/16384
0.61mV
0 to 10 V
10V/16384
0.61mV
The ideal transfer characteristic is shown in Figure 6
The AD7367 can handle true bipolar input voltages. The Analog
input can be set to one of three ranges; ±10V, ±5V, 0-10V. The
logic levels on pins RANGE0 and RANGE1 determine which
input range is selected as outlined in Table 7. These range bits
should not be changed during the acquisition time prior to a
conversion but may change at any other time.
Table 7. Analog Input Range Selection
RANGE1
RANGE0
Range Selected
0
0
±10V
0
1
±5V
011...111
011...110
ADC CODE
D
000...001
000...000
111...111
100...010
100...001
100...000
-FSR/2 + 1LSB
0V
+FSR/2 - 1LSB
ANALOG INPUT
1
0
0 to 10V
1
1
Do not program
Figure 6.Transfer Characteristic
Rev. PrD | Page 11 of 16
AD7367
Preliminary Technical Data
VDRIVE
The AD7367 also has a VDRIVE feature to control the voltage at
which the serial interface operates. VDRIVE allows the ADC to
easily interface to both 3 V and 5 V processors. For example, if
the AD7367 was operated with a VCC of 5 V, the VDRIVE pin could
be powered from a 3 V supply, allowing a large dynamic range
with low voltage digital processors. Thus, the AD7367 could be
used with the ±10 V input range while still being able to
interface to 3 V digital parts.
To achieve the maximum throughput rate of 1Msps VDRIVE must
be greater than or equal to 4.75V, see table 3. The maximum
throughput rate for the AD7367 with the VDRIVE voltage set to
less than 4.75 and greater than 2.7 is 900 Ksps.
REFERENCE
The AD7367 can operate with either the internal 2.5 V on-chip
reference or an externally applied reference. The logic state of
the REFSEL pin determines whether the internal reference is
used. The internal reference is selected for both ADC when the
REFSEL pin is tied to logic high. If the REFSEL pin is tied to
GND then an external reference can be supplied through the
DCAPA and DCAPB pins. On power-up, the REFSEL pin must be
tied to either a low or high logic state for the part to operate.
Suitable reference sources for the AD7367 include AD780,
AD1582, ADR431, REF193, and ADR391.
The internal reference circuitry consists of a 2.5 V band gap
reference and a reference buffer. When operating the AD7367
in internal reference mode, the 2.5 V internal reference is
available at DCAPA and DCAPB pins, which should be decoupled
to AGND using a 680nF capacitor. It is recommended that the
internal reference be buffered before applying it elsewhere in
the system. The internal reference is capable of sourcing up to
150 μA with an analog input range of ±10 and 60 μA for both
the ±5V and 0-10V ranges.
If the internal reference operation is required for the ADC
conversion, the REFSEL pin must be tied to logic high on
power-up. The reference buffer requires 500 µs to power up and
charge the 680nF decoupling capacitor during the power-up
time.
The AD7367 is specified for a 2.5 V to 3 V reference range.
When a 3V reference is selected, the ranges are ±12 V, ±6 V, and
0 V to +12 V. For these ranges, the VDD and VSS supply must be
equal to or greater than the +12V &-12V respectively.
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Rev. PrD | Page 12 of 16
AD7367
Preliminary Technical Data
MODES OF OPERATION
The mode of operation of the AD7367 is selected by the (logic) state of the CONVST signal at the end of a conversion. There are two
possible modes of operation: normal mode and shut-down mode. These modes of operation are designed to provide flexible power
management options. These options can be chosen to optimize the power dissipation/throughput rate ratio for differing application
requirements.
NORMAL MODE
the result from the other on chip ADC is also accessed on the
same DOUT line, as shown in Figure 10(see the Serial Interface
section)
This mode is intended for applications needing fast throughput
rates since the user does not have to worry about any power-up
times with the AD7367 remaining fully powered at all times.
Figure 7 shows the general mode of operation of the AD7367 in
this mode.
Once 28 SCLK cycles have elapsed, the DOUT line returns to
three-state when CS is brought high and not on the 28th SCLK
falling edge. If CS is brought high prior to this, the DOUT line
returns to three-state at that point. Thus, CS must be brought
high once the read is completed, as the bus does not
automatically return to three-state upon completion of the dual
result read.
The conversion is initiated on the falling edge of CONVST as
described in the Circuit Information section. To ensure that the
part remains fully powered up at all times, CONVST must be at
logic state high prior to the BUSY signal going low. If CONVST
is at logic state low when the BUSY signal goes low, the
analogue circuitry will power down and the part will cease
converting. The BUSY signal remain high for the duration of
the conversion subsequently fourteen serial clock cycles are
required to read the conversion result. The DOUT lines return to
three-state when CS is brought high and not after 14 SCLK
cycles has elapsed. If CS is left low for a further 14 SCLK cycles,
Once a data transfer is complete and DOUTA and DOUTB have
returned to three-state, another conversion can be initiated after
the quiet time, tQUIET, has elapsed by bringing CONVST low
again.
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t1
CONVST
BUSY
tquiet
t2
tconvert
t3
CS
SCLK
SERIAL READ OPERATION
1
14
Figure 7. Normal Mode Operation
SHUT-DOWN MODE
This mode is intended for use in applications where slow
throughput rates are required. This mode is suited to
applications where a series of conversions performed at a
relatively high throughput rate are followed by a long period of
inactivity and thus, shut-down. When the AD7367 is in full
power-down, all analog circuitry is powered down. As already
stated, the falling edge of CONVST initiates the conversion.
The BUSY output subsequently goes high to indicate that the
conversion is in progress. Once the conversion is completed, the
BUSY output returns low. If the CONVST signal is at logic low
when BUSY goes low then the part will enter shut-down at the
end of the conversion phase. While the part is in shut-down
mode the digital output code from the last conversion on each
ADC can still be read from the DOUT pins. To read the DOUT data
CS must be brought low as described in the Serial Interface
Section. The DOUT pins return to three-state once CS is brought
back to logic high.
To exit full power-down and power up the AD7367, A rising
edge of CONVST is required. After the required power up time
has elapsed, CONVST may be brought low again to initiate
Rev. PrD | Page 13 of 16
AD7367
Preliminary Technical Data
time section for power-up times associated with the AD7367.
another conversion, as shown in Figure 8. See the Power up
tpower-up
ENTERS SHUT-DOWN
CONVST
t2
BUSY
tconvert
t3
CS
SCLK
SERIAL READ OPERATION
1
14
Figure 8. Auto-Shutdown Mode
POWER-UP TIMES
The AD7367 has one power down mode, which has already
been described in detail. This section deals with the power-up
time required when coming out of this modes. It should be
noted that the power-up time, as explained in this section,
applies with the recommended capacitors in place on the DCAPA
and DCAPB pins. To power up from shut-down, CONVST must
be brought high and remain high for a minimum of 100μs, as
shown in Figure 8.
conversion. With the AD7367 no dummy conversion is
required before valid data can be read from the DOUT pins. If it
is intended to place the part in shut-down mode when the
supplies are first applied, then the AD7367 must be powered up
as explained about and a conversion initiated, but CONVST
should remain in the logic low state and when the BUSY signal
goes low thus the part enters shut-down.
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When power supplies are first applied to the AD7367, the ADC
may power up with CONVST in either the low or high logic
state. Before attempting a valid conversion CONVST must be
brought high and remain high for the recommended power up
time of 100μs, it can then be brought low to initiate a
Once supplies are applied to the AD7367, enough time must be
allowed for any external reference to power up and charge the
various reference buffer decoupling capacitors to their final values.
Rev. PrD | Page 14 of 16
Preliminary Technical Data
AD7367
SERIAL INTERFACE
provided to AD7367 to access each conversion result. Figure
9 shows how a 14 SCLK read is used to access the conversion
results.
Figure 9 shows the detailed timing diagram for serial interfacing to the AD7367. On the falling edge of CONVST the
AD7367 will simultaneously convert the selected channels.
These conversions are performed using the on-chip oscillator.
After the falling edge of CONVST the BUSY signal goes high,
indicating the conversion has started. It returns low once the
conversion has been completed. The data can now be read from
the DOUT pins.
On the rising edge of CS, the conversion will be terminated
and DOUTA and DOUTB go back into three-state. If CS is not
brought high, but is instead held low for a further 14 SCLK
cycles on either DOUTA or DOUTB, the data from the other
ADC follows on the DOUT pin. This is illustrated in Figure 10
where the case for DOUTA is shown. In this case, the DOUT
line in use goes back into three-state on the rising edge of CS
CS and SCLK signals are required to transfer data from the
AD7367. The AD7367 has two output pins corresponding to
each ADC. Data can be read from the AD7367 using both
DOUTA & DOUTB, alternatively a single output pin of your
choice can be used. The SCLK input signal provides the
clock source for the serial interface. The CS goes low to
access data from the AD7367. The falling edge of CS takes
the bus out of three-state and clocks out the MSB of the
conversion result. The data stream consists of 14 bits of data
MSB first. The first bit of the conversion result is valid on the
first SCLK falling edge after the CS falling edge. The
subsequent 13 bits of data are clocked out on the falling edge
of the SCLK signal. A minimum of 14 Clock pulses must be
If the falling edge of SCLK coincides with the falling edge of
CS, then the falling edge of SCLK is not acknowledged by
the AD7367, and the next falling edge of the SCLK will be
the first registered after the falling edges of the CS.
The CS pin can be brought low before the BUSY signal goes
low indicating the end of a conversion. This feature can be
utilized to ensure that the MSB is valid on the falling edge of
BUSY by bring CS low a minimum of t4 nanoseconds before the
BUSY signal goes low. The dotted CS line in Table 7 illustrates
this.
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CS
t8
SCLK
1
3
2
4
14
5
t7
DOUT A
DOUT B 3-STATE
DB12
DB11
t9
t6
t5
t4
DB10
DB2
DB1
DB0
3-STATE
DB13
Figure 9. Serial Interface Timing diagram
CS
t8
2
1
3
4
5
12
14
13
28
15
t7
t4
DOUTA
THREESTATE DB13
DB12 A
t5
DB11A
t10
t6
DB1A
DB0A
DB13 B
DB12 B
A
Figure 10. Reading Data from Both ADC’s on ONE DOUT Line with 28 SCLK’s
Rev. PrD | Page 15 of 16
DB1B
DB0B
THREESTATE
04603-035
SCLK
AD7367
Preliminary Technical Data
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
7.90
7.80
7.70
24
13
4.50
4.40
4.30
6.40 BSC
1
12
PIN 1
0.65
BSC
0.15
0.05
0.30
0.19
1.20
MAX
SEATING
PLANE
0.20
0.09
8°
0°
0.75
0.60
0.45
0.10 COPLANARITY
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MO-153-AD
Figure 11. Figure 12. 24-Lead TSSOP
ORDERING GUIDE
Model
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Temperature Range
Package Description
Package Option
−40°C to +85°C
Thin Shrink Small Outline Package
RU-24
AD7367ARUZ-REEL71
−40°C to +85°C
Thin Shrink Small Outline Package
RU-24
AD7367BRUZ1
−40°C to +85°C
Thin Shrink Small Outline Package
RU-24
AD7367BRUZ-REEL71
−40°C to +85°C
Thin Shrink Small Outline Package
RU-24
AD7367-5ARUZ1
−40°C to +85°C
Thin Shrink Small Outline Package
RU-24
AD7367-5ARUZ-REEL71
−40°C to +85°C
Thin Shrink Small Outline Package
RU-24
AD7367-5BRUZ1
−40°C to +85°C
Thin Shrink Small Outline Package
RU-24
AD7367-5BRUZ-REEL71
−40°C to +85°C
Thin Shrink Small Outline Package
RU-24
AD7367ARUZ
1
1
Z = Pb-free part.
Rev. PrD | Page 16 of 16
PR06175-0-11/06(PrD)
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