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AD7671 数据手册DataSheet下载

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AD7671 数据手册DataSheet下载
a
FEATURES
Throughput
1 MSPS (Warp Mode)
800 kSPS (Normal Mode)
INL: 2.5 LSB Max (0.0038% of Full Scale)
16-Bit Resolution with No Missing Codes
S/(N+D): 90 dB Typ @ 250 kHz
THD: –100 dB Typ @ 250 kHz
Analog Input Voltage Ranges
Bipolar: 10 V, 5 V, 2.5 V
Unipolar: 0 V to 10 V, 0 V to 5 V, 0 V to 2.5 V
Both AC and DC Specifications
No Pipeline Delay
Parallel (8/16 Bits) and Serial 5 V/3 V Interface
SPI®/QSPI™/MICROWIRE™/DSP Compatible
Single 5 V Supply Operation
Power Dissipation
112 mW Typical
15 W @ 100 SPS
Power-Down Mode: 7 W Max
Package: 48-Lead Quad Flatpack (LQFP)
Package: 48-Lead Chip Scale (LFCSP)
Pin-to-Pin Compatible Upgrade of the AD7665/AD7664
16-Bit, 1 MSPS CMOS ADC
AD7671*
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
AVDD AGND REF REFGND
IND(4R)
INC(4R)
INB(2R)
INA(R)
4R
DVDD
DGND
AD7671
4R
2R
OVDD
SERIAL
PORT
R
SWITCHED
CAP DAC
INGND
SER/PAR
BUSY
PARALLEL 16
INTERFACE
CLOCK
PD
RESET
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The AD7671 is a 16-bit, 1 MSPS, charge redistribution SAR,
analog-to-digital converter that operates from a single 5 V power
supply. It contains a high speed 16-bit sampling ADC, a resistor
input scaler that allows various input ranges, an internal
conversion clock, error correction circuits, and both serial
and parallel system interface ports.
The AD7671 is hardware factory-calibrated and is comprehensively tested to ensure such ac parameters as signal-to-noise ratio
(SNR) and total harmonic distortion (THD), in addition to the
more traditional dc parameters of gain, offset, and linearity.
It features a very high sampling rate mode (Warp), a fast mode
(Normal) for asynchronous conversion rate applications, and, for
low power applications, a reduced power mode (Impulse) where
the power is scaled with the throughput.
*Patent pending
REV. B
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its
use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that
may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise
under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective companies.
D[15:0]
CS
RD
CONTROL LOGIC AND
CALIBRATION CIRCUITRY
OB/2C
BYTESWAP
WARP
IMPULSE
CNVST
PulSAR Selection
Type/kSPS
100–250
500–570
Pseudo
Differential
AD7660
AD7650
AD7664
True Bipolar
AD7663
AD7665
AD7671
True Differential
AD7675
AD7676
AD7677
18-Bit
AD7678
AD7679
AD7674
AD7654
AD7655
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
APPLICATIONS
Data Acquisition
Communication
Instrumentation
Spectrum Analysis
Medical Instruments
Process Control
OGND
Simultaneous/
Multichannel
800–1000
It is fabricated using Analog Devices’ high performance, 0.6 micron
CMOS process and is available in a 48-lead LQFP and a tiny
48-lead LFCSP, with operation specified from –40∞C to +85∞C.
PRODUCT HIGHLIGHTS
1. Fast Throughput
The AD7671 is a very high speed (1 MSPS in Warp Mode
and 800 kSPS in Normal Mode), charge redistribution, 16-bit
SAR ADC.
2. Single-Supply Operation
The AD7671 operates from a single 5 V supply, dissipates
only 112 mW typical, even lower when a reduced throughput
is used with the reduced power mode (Impulse) and a powerdown mode.
3. Superior INL
The AD7671 has a maximum integral nonlinearity of 2.5 LSB
with no missing 16-bit code.
4. Serial or Parallel Interface
Versatile parallel (8 bits or 16 bits) or 2-wire serial interface
arrangement compatible with both 3 V or 5 V logic.
One Technology Way, P.O. Box 9106, Norwood, MA 02062-9106, U.S.A.
Tel: 781/329-4700
www.analog.com
Fax: 781/326-8703
© 2003 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
AD7671–SPECIFICATIONS (–40C to +85C, AVDD = DVDD = 5 V, OVDD = 2.7 V to 5.25 V, unless otherwise noted.)
Parameter
Conditions
Min
RESOLUTION
ANALOG INPUT
Voltage Range
Common-Mode Input Voltage
Analog Input CMRR
Input Impedance
THROUGHPUT SPEED
Complete Cycle
Throughput Rate
Time between Conversions
Complete Cycle
Throughput Rate
Complete Cycle
Throughput Rate
DC ACCURACY
Integral Linearity Error
No Missing Codes
Transition Noise
Bipolar Zero Error2, TMIN to TMAX
Bipolar Full-Scale Error2, TMIN to TMAX
Unipolar Zero Error2, TMIN to TMAX
Unipolar Full-Scale Error 2, TMIN to TMAX
Power Supply Sensitivity
AC ACCURACY
Signal-to-Noise
VIND – VINGND
VINGND
fIN = 100 kHz
In Warp Mode
In Warp Mode
In Warp Mode
In Normal Mode
In Normal Mode
In Impulse Mode
In Impulse Mode
Typ
Bits
± 4 REF, 0 V to 4 REF, ± 2 REF (See Table I)
–0.1
+0.5
74
See Table I
V
dB
0
0
–2.5
16
AVDD = 5 V ± 5%
1
1000
1
1.25
800
1.5
666
ms
kSPS
ms
ms
kSPS
ms
kSPS
+2.5
LSB1
Bits
LSB
LSB
0.7
–45
+45
–0.1
–0.38
–0.18
–0.76
+0.1
+0.38
+0.18
+0.76
± 9.5
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Spurious-Free Dynamic Range
Total Harmonic Distortion
Signal-to-(Noise+Distortion)
fIN = 20 kHz
fIN = 250 kHz
fIN = 250 kHz
fIN = 20 kHz
fIN = 250 kHz
fIN = 20 kHz
fIN = 250 kHz, –60 dB Input
89
88.5
–3 dB Input Bandwidth
SAMPLING DYNAMICS
Aperture Delay
Aperture Jitter
Transient Response
Full-Scale Step
REFERENCE
External Reference Voltage Range
External Reference Current Drain
1 MSPS Throughput
–96
250
2.3
–0.3
+2.0
–1
–1
DIGITAL OUTPUTS
Data Format
Pipeline Delay
VOL
VOH
90
90
100
–100
–100
90
30
9.6
2
5
DIGITAL INPUTS
Logic Levels
VIL
VIH
IIL
IIH
2.5
200
–2–
% of FSR
% of FSR
% of FSR
% of FSR
LSB
dB3
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
MHz
ns
ps rms
ns
AVDD – 1.85
V
mA
+0.8
DVDD + 0.3
+1
+1
V
V
mA
mA
Parallel or Serial 16-Bit
Conversion Results Available Immediately
after Completed Conversion
0.4
OVDD – 0.6
ISINK = 1.6 mA
ISOURCE = –570 mA
Unit
16
1
± 5 V Range, Normal or
Impulse Modes
Other Range or Mode
Max
V
V
REV. B
AD7671
Parameter
Conditions
POWER SUPPLIES
Specified Performance
AVDD
DVDD
OVDD
Operating Current5
AVDD
DVDD6
OVDD6
Power Dissipation6, 7
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
4.75
4.75
2.7
5
5
5.25
5.25
5.254
V
V
V
95
125
7
mA
mA
mA
mW
mW
mW
mW
+85
∞C
1 MSPS Throughput
15
7.2
37
84
15
112
666 kSPS Throughput8
100 SPS Throughput8
1 MSPS Throughput5
In Power-Down Mode 9
TEMPERATURE RANGE 10
Specified Performance
TMIN to TMAX
–40
NOTES
1
LSB means least significant bit. With the ± 5 V input range, one LSB is 152.588 mV.
2
See Definition of Specifications section. These specifications do not include the error contribution from the external reference.
3
All specifications in dB are referred to a full-scale input FS. Tested with an input signal at 0.5 dB below full scale, unless otherwise specified.
4
The max should be the minimum of 5.25 V and DVDD + 0.3 V.
5
In Warp Mode.
6
Tested in Parallel Reading Mode.
7
Tested with the 0 V to 5 V range and V IN – VINGND = 0 V. See Power Dissipation section.
8
In Impulse Mode.
9
With OVDD below DVDD + 0.3 V and all digital inputs forced to DVDD or DGND, respectively.
10
Contact factory for extended temperature range.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
Table I. Analog Input Configuration
Input Voltage
Range
IND(4R)
INC(4R)
INB(2R)
INA(R)
Input
Impedance1
± 4 REF2
± 2 REF
± REF
0 V to 4 REF
0 V to 2 REF
0 V to REF
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
INGND
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
VIN
INGND
INGND
VIN
INGND
VIN
VIN
REF
REF
REF
INGND
INGND
VIN
1.63 kW
948 W
711 W
948 W
711 W
Note 3
NOTES
1
Typical analog input impedance.
2
With REF = 3 V, in this range, the input should be limited to –11 V to +12 V.
3
For this range the input is high impedance.
TIMING SPECIFICATIONS
(–40C to +85C, AVDD = DVDD = 5 V, OVDD = 2.7 V to 5.25 V, unless otherwise noted.)
Parameter
Refer to Figures 11 and 12
Convert Pulsewidth
Time between Conversions
(Warp Mode/Normal Mode/Impulse Mode)
CNVST LOW to BUSY HIGH Delay
BUSY HIGH All Modes Except in Master Serial Read after
Convert Mode (Warp Mode/Normal Mode/Impulse Mode)
Aperture Delay
End of Conversion to BUSY LOW Delay
Conversion Time (Warp Mode/Normal Mode/Impulse Mode)
Acquisition Time
RESET Pulsewidth
REV. B
Symbol
Min
t1
t2
5
1/1.25/1.5
Typ
t3
t4
t5
t6
t7
t8
t9
–3–
Max
Unit
Note 1
ns
ms
30
0.75/1/1.25
ns
ms
0.75/1/1.25
ns
ns
ms
ns
ns
2
10
250
10
AD7671
TIMING SPECIFICATIONS (continued)
Symbol
Parameter
Refer to Figures 13, 14, 15, and 16 (Parallel Interface Modes)
CNVST LOW to DATA Valid Delay
(Warp Mode/Normal Mode/Impulse Mode)
DATA Valid to BUSY LOW Delay
Bus Access Request to DATA Valid
Bus Relinquish Time
Min
Typ
t10
Max
Unit
0.75/1/1.25
ms
40
15
ns
ns
ns
20
t11
t12
t13
5
2
Refer to Figures 17 and 18 (Master Serial Interface Modes)
CS LOW to SYNC Valid Delay
CS LOW to Internal SCLK Valid Delay
CS LOW to SDOUT Delay
CNVST LOW to SYNC Delay (Read during Convert)
(Warp Mode/Normal Mode/Impulse Mode)
SYNC Asserted to SCLK First Edge Delay3
Internal SCLK Period3
Internal SCLK HIGH3
Internal SCLK LOW3
SDOUT Valid Setup Time3
SDOUT Valid Hold Time3
SCLK Last Edge to SYNC Delay3
CS HIGH to SYNC HI-Z
CS HIGH to Internal SCLK HI-Z
CS HIGH to SDOUT HI-Z
BUSY HIGH in Master Serial Read after Convert3
CNVST LOW to SYNC Asserted Delay
(Warp Mode/Normal Mode/Impulse Mode)
Master Serial Read after Convert
SYNC Deasserted to BUSY LOW Delay
t14
t15
t16
t17
10
10
10
ns
ns
ns
ns
25/275/525
t18
t19
t20
t21
t22
t23
t24
t25
t26
t27
t28
t29
4
25
15
9.5
4.5
2
3
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
40
10
10
10
See Table II
0.75/1/1.25
ns
ns
ns
ms
ms
25
ns
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Refer to Figures 19 and 21 (Slave Serial Interface Modes)
External SCLK Setup Time
External SCLK Active Edge to SDOUT Delay
SDIN Setup Time
SDIN Hold Time
External SCLK Period
External SCLK HIGH
External SCLK LOW
t30
5
3
5
5
25
10
10
t31
t32
t33
t34
t35
t36
t37
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
16
NOTES
1
In Warp Mode only, the maximum time between conversions is 1 ms; otherwise, there is no required maximum time.
2
In serial interface modes, the SYNC, SCLK, and SDOUT timings are defined with a maximum load C L of 10 pF; otherwise, the load is 60 pF maximum.
3
In Serial Master Read during Convert Mode. See Table II for Master Read after Convert Mode.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Table II. Serial Clock Timings in Master Read after Convert
DIVSCLK[1]
DIVSCLK[0]
SYNC to SCLK First Edge Delay Minimum
Internal SCLK Period Minimum
Internal SCLK Period Maximum
Internal SCLK HIGH Minimum
Internal SCLK LOW Minimum
SDOUT Valid Setup Time Minimum
SDOUT Valid Hold Time Minimum
SCLK Last Edge to SYNC Delay Minimum
BUSY HIGH Width Maximum (Warp)
BUSY HIGH Width Maximum (Normal)
BUSY HIGH Width Maximum (Impulse)
t18
t19
t19
t20
t21
t22
t23
t24
t28
t28
t28
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
Unit
4
25
40
15
9
4.5
2
3
1.5
1.75
2
20
50
70
25
24
22
4
60
2
2.25
2.5
20
100
140
50
49
22
30
140
3
3.25
3.5
20
200
280
100
99
22
89
300
5.25
5.5
5.75
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ns
ms
ms
ms
Specifications subject to change without notice.
–4–
REV. B
AD7671
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS 1
REFGND
REF
INGND
INB(2R)
INA(R)
IND(4R)
INC(4R)
NC
NC
NC
NC
NC
PIN CONFIGURATION
ST-48 and CP-48
Analog Inputs
IND2, INC2, INB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –11 V to +30 V
INA, REF, INGND, REFGND, AGND
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . – 0.3 V to AVDD + 0.3 V
Ground Voltage Differences
AGND, DGND, OGND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ± 0.3 V
Supply Voltages
AVDD, DVDD, OVDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –0.3 V to +7 V
AVDD to DVDD, AVDD to OVDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ± 7 V
DVDD to OVDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –0.3 V to +7 V
Digital Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . –0.3 V to DVDD + 0.3 V
Internal Power Dissipation3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 700 mW
Internal Power Dissipation4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 W
Junction Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150∞C
Storage Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . –65∞C to +150∞C
Lead Temperature Range
(Soldering 10 sec) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300∞C
48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37
AGND 1
AVDD 2
PIN 1
IDENTIFIER
NC 3
BYTESWAP 4
OB/2C 5
WARP 6
AD7671
CNVST
PD
33
RESET
32
CS
RD
DGND
29 BUSY
D2/DIVSCLK[0] 11
D3/DIVSCLK[1] 12
28
D15
27
D14
26
D13
D12
25
D11/RDERROR
D9/SCLK
D10/SYNC
DVDD
DGND
D8/SDOUT
OVDD
D7/RDC/SDIN
OGND
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
D4/EXT/INT
D5/INVSYNC
D6/INVSCLK
NC = NO CONNECT
34
30
SER/PAR 8
D0 9
D1 10
NOTES
1
Stresses above those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent
damage to the device. This is a stress rating only; functional operation of the device
at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational section of
this specification is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions
for extended periods may affect device reliability.
2
See Analog Inputs section.
3
Specification is for device in free air: 48-Lead LQFP: qJA = 91∞C/W, qJC = 30∞C/W.
4
Specification is for device in free air: 48-Lead LFCSP: qJA = 26∞C/W.
AGND
35
31
TOP VIEW
(Not to Scale)
IMPULSE 7
36
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1.6mA
TO OUTPUT
PIN
IOL
1.4V
CL
60pF*
2V
500A
IOH
0.8V
tDELAY
*IN
SERIAL INTERFACE MODES, THE SYNC, SCLK, AND
SDOUT TIMINGS ARE DEFINED WITH A MAXIMUM LOAD
CL OF 10pF; OTHERWISE, THE LOAD IS 60pF MAXIMUM.
tDELAY
2V
0.8V
Figure 1. Load Circuit for Digital Interface Timing,
SDOUT, SYNC, SCLK Outputs, CL = 10 pF
2V
0.8V
Figure 2. Voltage Reference Levels for Timing
ORDERING GUIDE
Model
Temperature Range
Package Description
Package Option
AD7671AST
AD7671ASTRL
AD7671ACP
AD7671ACPRL
EVAL-AD7671CB1
EVAL-CONTROL BRD22
–40∞C to +85∞C
–40∞C to +85∞C
–40∞C to +85∞C
–40∞C to +85∞C
Quad Flatpack (LQFP)
Quad Flatpack (LQFP)
Chip Scale (LFCSP)
Chip Scale (LFCSP)
Evaluation Board
Controller Board
ST-48
ST-48
CP-48
CP-48
NOTES
1
This board can be used as a standalone evaluation board or in conjunction with the EVAL-CONTROL BRD2 for evaluation/demonstration purposes.
2
This board allows a PC to control and communicate with all Analog Devices evaluation boards ending in the CB designators.
CAUTION
ESD (electrostatic discharge) sensitive device. Electrostatic charges as high as 4000 V readily
accumulate on the human body and test equipment and can discharge without detection. Although
the AD7671 features proprietary ESD protection circuitry, permanent damage may occur on
devices subjected to high energy electrostatic discharges. Therefore, proper ESD precautions are
recommended to avoid performance degradation or loss of functionality.
REV. B
–5–
AD7671
PIN FUNCTION DESCRIPTION
Pin
No.
Mnemonic
Type
Description
1
2
3, 44–48
4
AGND
AVDD
NC
BYTESWAP
P
P
5
OB/2C
DI
6
WARP
DI
7
IMPULSE
DI
8
SER/PAR
DI
9, 10
D[0:1]
DO
11, 12
D[2:3] or
DI/O
Analog Power Ground Pin.
Input Analog Power Pin. Nominally 5 V.
No Connect.
Parallel Mode Selection (8-/16-Bit). When LOW, the LSB is output on D[7:0] and the MSB is
output on D[15:8]. When HIGH, the LSB is output on D[15:8] and the MSB is output on D[7:0].
Straight Binary/Binary Twos Complement. When OB/2C is HIGH, the digital output is straight
binary; when LOW, the MSB is inverted, resulting in a twos complement output from its internal
shift register.
Mode Selection. When HIGH and IMPULSE LOW, this input selects the fastest mode, the maximum
throughput is achievable and a minimum conversion rate must be applied in order to guarantee
full specified accuracy. When LOW, full accuracy is maintained independent of the minimum
conversion rate.
Mode Selection. When HIGH and WARP LOW, this input selects a reduced Power Mode.
In this mode, the power dissipation is approximately proportional to the sampling rate.
Serial/Parallel Selection Input. When LOW, the Parallel Port is selected; when HIGH, the Serial
Interface Mode is selected and some bits of the data bus are used as a Serial Port.
Bit 0 and Bit 1 of the Parallel Port Data Output Bus. When SER/PAR is HIGH, these outputs are
in high impedance.
When SER/PAR is LOW, these outputs are used as Bit 2 and Bit 3 of the Parallel Port Data
Output Bus.
When SER/PAR is HIGH, EXT/INT is LOW and RDC/SDIN is LOW, which is the Serial Master
Read after Convert Mode. These inputs, part of the Serial Port, are used to slow down, if desired,
the internal serial clock that clocks the data output. In the other serial modes, these pins are high
impedance outputs.
When SER/PAR is LOW, this output is used as Bit 4 of the Parallel Port Data Output Bus.
When SER/PAR is HIGH, this input, part of the Serial Port, is used as a digital select input for
choosing the internal or an external data clock, called Master and Slave Modes, respectively. With
EXT/INT tied LOW, the internal clock is selected on SCLK output. With EXT/INT set to a logic
HIGH, output data is synchronized to an external clock signal connected to the SCLK input and
the external clock is gated by CS.
When SER/PAR is LOW, this output is used as Bit 5 of the Parallel Port Data Output Bus.
When SER/PAR is HIGH, this input, part of the Serial Port, is used to select the active state of
the SYNC signal. When LOW, SYNC is active HIGH. When HIGH, SYNC is active LOW.
When SER/PAR is LOW, this output is used as Bit 6 of the Parallel Port Data Output Bus.
DIVSCLK[0:1]
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13
D[4]
or EXT/INT
DI/O
14
D[5]
or INVSYNC
DI/O
15
D[6]
DI/O
or INVSCLK
16
D[7]
When SER/PAR is HIGH, this input, part of the Serial Port, is used to invert the SCLK signal. It is
active in both Master and Slave Mode.
DI/O
or RDC/SDIN
When SER/PAR is LOW, this output is used as Bit 7 of the Parallel Port Data Output Bus.
When SER/PAR is HIGH, this input, part of the Serial Port, is used as either an external data input
or a read mode selection input, depending on the state of EXT/INT.
When EXT/INT is HIGH, RDC/SDIN could be used as a data input to daisy-chain the conversion
results from two or more ADCs onto a single SDOUT line. The digital data level on SDIN is output
on DATA with a delay of 16 SCLK periods after the initiation of the read sequence.
When EXT/INT is LOW, RDC/SDIN is used to select the Read Mode. When RDC/SDIN is HIGH,
the previous data is output on SDOUT during conversion. When RDC/SDIN is LOW, the data can
be output on SDOUT only when the conversion is complete.
17
OGND
P
Input/Output Interface Digital Power Ground.
18
OVDD
P
19
20
DVDD
DGND
P
P
Input/Output Interface Digital Power. Nominally at the same supply as the supply of the host
interface (5 V or 3 V).
Digital Power. Nominally at 5 V.
Digital Power Ground.
–6–
REV. B
AD7671
PIN FUNCTION DESCRIPTION (continued)
Pin
No.
Mnemonic
Type
Description
21
D[8]
or SDOUT
DO
22
D[9]
or SCLK
DI/O
23
D[10]
or SYNC
DO
24
D[11]
or RDERROR
DO
When SER/PAR is LOW, this output is used as Bit 8 of the Parallel Port Data Output Bus.
When SER/PAR is HIGH, this output, part of the Serial Port, is used as a serial data output
synchronized to SCLK. Conversion results are stored in an on-chip register. The AD7671 provides
the conversion result, MSB first, from its internal shift register. The data format is determined
by the logic level of OB/2C. In Serial Mode, when EXT/INT is LOW, SDOUT is valid on both
edges of SCLK.
In Serial Mode, when EXT/INT is HIGH:
If INVSCLK is LOW, SDOUT is updated on SCLK rising edge and valid on the next falling edge.
If INVSCLK is HIGH, SDOUT is updated on SCLK falling edge and valid on the next rising edge.
When SER/PAR is LOW, this output is used as Bit 9 of the Parallel Port Data Output Bus.
When SER/PAR is HIGH, this pin, part of the Serial Port, is used as a serial data clock input or
output, dependent upon the logic state of the EXT/INT pin. The active edge where the data SDOUT
is updated depends upon the logic state of the INVSCLK pin.
When SER/PAR is LOW, this output is used as Bit 10 of the Parallel Port Data Output Bus.
When SER/PAR is HIGH, this output, part of the Serial Port, is used as a digital output frame
synchronization for use with the internal data clock (EXT/INT = Logic LOW). When a read sequence
is initiated and INVSYNC is LOW, SYNC is driven HIGH and remains HIGH while SDOUT
output is valid. When a read sequence is initiated and INVSYNC is HIGH, SYNC is driven LOW
and remains LOW while SDOUT output is valid.
When SER/PAR is LOW, this output is used as Bit 11 of the Parallel Port Data Output Bus.
When SER/PAR is HIGH and EXT/INT is HIGH, this output, part of the Serial Port, is used as an
incomplete read error flag. In Slave Mode, when a data read is started and not complete when the
following conversion is complete, the current data is lost and RDERROR is pulsed HIGH.
Bit 12 to Bit 15 of the Parallel Port Data Output Bus. When SER/PAR is HIGH, these outputs are in
high impedance.
Busy Output. Transitions HIGH when a conversion is started and remains HIGH until the conversion
is complete and the data is latched into the on-chip shift register. The falling edge of BUSY could
be used as a data-ready clock signal.
Must Be Tied to Digital Ground.
Read Data. When CS and RD are both LOW, the Interface Parallel or Serial Output Bus is enabled.
Chip Select. When CS and RD are both LOW, the Interface Parallel or Serial Output Bus is enabled.
CS is also used to gate the external serial clock.
Reset Input. When set to a logic HIGH, reset the AD7671. Current conversion, if any, is aborted.
If not used, this pin could be tied to DGND.
Power-Down Input. When set to a logic HIGH, power consumption is reduced and conversions are
inhibited after the current one is completed.
Start Conversion. A falling edge on CNVST puts the internal sample-and-hold into the hold state
and initiates a conversion. In Impulse Mode (IMPULSE HIGH and WARP LOW), if CNVST is
held LOW when the acquisition phase (t8) is complete, the internal sample-and-hold is put into the
hold state and a conversion is immediately started.
Must Be Tied to Analog Ground.
Reference Input Voltage.
Reference Input Analog Ground.
Analog Input Ground.
Analog Inputs. Refer to Table I for input range configuration.
25–28
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
D[12:15]
DO
BUSY
DO
30
31
32
DGND
RD
CS
P
DI
DI
33
RESET
DI
34
PD
DI
35
CNVST
DI
36
37
38
39
40, 41,
42, 43
AGND
REF
REFGND
INGND
INA, INB,
INC, IND
P
AI
AI
P
AI
29
NOTES
AI = Analog Input
DI = Digital Input
DI/O = Bidirectional Digital
DO = Digital Output
P = Power
REV. B
–7–
AD7671
DEFINITION OF SPECIFICATIONS
Integral Nonlinearity Error (INL)
Effective Number of Bits (ENOB)
A measurement of the resolution with a sine wave input. It is
related to S/(N+D) by the following formula:
Linearity error refers to the deviation of each individual code
from a line drawn from “negative full scale” through “positive
full scale.” The point used as negative full scale occurs 1/2 LSB
before the first code transition. Positive full scale is defined as a
level 1 1/2 LSB beyond the last code transition. The deviation is
measured from the middle of each code to the true straight line.
ENOB = (S/[N + D]dB – 1.76)/6.02)
and is expressed in bits.
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)
The rms sum of the first five harmonic components to the rms
value of a full-scale input signal, expressed in decibels.
Differential Nonlinearity Error (DNL)
In an ideal ADC, code transitions are 1 LSB apart. Differential
nonlinearity is the maximum deviation from this ideal value. It is
often specified in terms of resolution for which no missing codes
are guaranteed.
Full-Scale Error
Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR)
The ratio of the rms value of the actual input signal to the rms
sum of all other spectral components below the Nyquist frequency, excluding harmonics and dc. The value for SNR is
expressed in decibels.
The last transition (from 011 . . . 10 to 011 . . . 11 in twos
complement coding) should occur for an analog voltage 1 1/2 LSB
below the nominal full scale (2.499886 V for the ± 2.5 V range).
The full-scale error is the deviation of the actual level of the last
transition from the ideal level.
Signal-to-(Noise + Distortion) Ratio (S/[N+D])
Bipolar Zero Error
Aperture Delay
The difference between the ideal midscale input voltage (0 V) and
the actual voltage producing the midscale output code.
A measure of the acquisition performance measured from the
falling edge of the CNVST input to when the input signal is
held for a conversion.
The ratio of the rms value of the actual input signal to the rms
sum of all other spectral components below the Nyquist frequency, including harmonics but excluding dc. The value for
S/(N+D) is expressed in decibels.
Unipolar Zero Error
In Unipolar Mode, the first transition should occur at a level
1/2 LSB above analog ground. The unipolar zero error is the
deviation of the actual transition from that point.
Transient Response
The time required for the AD7671 to achieve its rated accuracy
after a full-scale step function is applied to its input.
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
Spurious-Free Dynamic Range (SFDR)
The difference, in decibels (dB), between the rms amplitude of
the input signal and the peak spurious signal.
–8–
REV. B
Typical Performance Characteristics–AD7671
60
2.5
2.0
50
1.5
NUMBER OF UNITS
INL – LSB
1.0
0.5
0
–0.5
–1.0
–1.5
40
30
20
10
–2.0
0
–3.0
–2.5
0
16384
32768
49152
65536
–2.7
–2.4
CODE
–2.1 –1.8
–1.5
–1.2
–0.9
–0.6 –0.3
NEGATIVE INL – LSB
TPC 1. Integral Nonlinearity vs. Code
TPC 4. Typical Negative INL Distribution (314 Units)
8000
1.75
1.50
7029 7039
7000
1.25
6000
1.00
5000
COUNTS
DNL – LSB
0.75
0.50
0.25
4000
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
0
3000
–0.25
2000
1297
–0.50
986
1000
–0.75
–1.00
0
0
16384
32768
CODE
49152
65536
0
0
17
25
0
0
7FFD 7FFE 7FFF 8000 8001 8002 8003 8004 8005 8005
CODE IN HEXA
TPC 2. Differential Nonlinearity vs. Code
TPC 5. Histogram of 16,384 Conversions of a DC Input at
the Code Transition
10000
60
9503
9000
8000
7000
40
COUNTS
NUMBER OF UNITS
50
30
20
6000
5000
4000
3296
3344
3000
2000
10
1000
0
0
0
0.3
0.6
0.9
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.1
2.4
2.7
2
132
106
1
0
0
7FFC 7FFD 7FFE 7FFF 8000 8001 8002 8003 8004 8005 8006
3.0
CODE IN HEXA
POSITIVE INL – LSB
TPC 3. Typical Positive INL Distribution (314 Units)
REV. B
0
0
TPC 6. Histogram of 16,384 Conversions of a DC Input at
the Code Center
–9–
AD7671
0
–40
93
–60
–100
–80
–100
THD
THD – dB
SNR – dB
AMPLITUDE – dB of Full Scale
–20
–98
96
FS = 1MSPS
fIN = 45.5322kHz
SNR = 89.45dB
THD = –100.05dB
SFDR = 100.49dB
SINAD = 89.1dB
90
SNR
–120
–102
87
–140
–160
0
100
200
300
FREQUENCY – kHz
400
84
–55
500
5
25
45
65
85
105
–104
125
TPC 10. SNR, THD vs. Temperature
16.0
100
110
–60
–65
15.5
95
THD, HARMONICS – dB
SNR
15.0
90
SINAD
14.5
85
ENOB
105
SFDR
–70
ENOB – Bits
SNR AND S/[N+D] – dB
–15
TEMPERATURE – C
TPC 7. FFT Plot
100
–75
95
–80
90
–85
85
–90
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80
14.0
SECOND HARMONIC
–95
THD
–100
–105
13.5
75
THIRD HARMONIC
–110
13.0
1000
70
1
10
100
FREQUENCY – kHz
–115
1
10
80
75
70
65
60
1000
100
FREQUENCY – kHz
TPC 8. SNR, S/(N + D), and ENOB vs. Frequency
TPC 11. THD, Harmonics, and SFDR vs. Frequency
–60
92
–70
–80
THD, HARMONICS – dB
SNR (REFERRED TO FULL SCALE) – dB
–35
SFDR – dB
–180
90
88
–90
–100
SECOND HARMONIC
–110
THD
–120
–130
THIRD HARMONIC
–140
86
–80
–70
–60
–50
–40
–30
INPUT LEVEL – dB
–20
–10
–150
–60
0
–50
–40
–30
–20
–10
0
INPUT LEVEL – dB
TPC 12. THD, Harmonics vs. Input Level
TPC 9. SNR vs. Input Level
–10–
REV. B
AD7671
50
POWER-DOWN OPERATING CURRENTS – nA
1000
t12 DELAY – ns
40
30
20
10
900
800
700
DVDD
600
500
400
300
50
100
150
AVDD
100
0
–55
0
0
OVDD
200
200
–35
–15
5
25
45
TEMPERATURE – C
CL – pF
TPC 13. Typical Delay vs. Load Capacitance CL
85
105
TPC 15. Power-Down Operating Currents vs. Temperature
100000
10
AVDD, WARP/NORMAL
8
10000
6
DVDD, WARP/NORMAL
1000
4
100
–FS
OFFSET
2
LSB
OPERATING CURRENTS – A
65
AVDD, IMPULSE
10
0
+FS
–2
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
0
DVDD, IMPULSE
–4
0.1
–6
OVDD, ALL MODES
0.01
–8
–10
0.001
1
10
100
1000
10000
100000
1000000
TPC 14. Operating Currents vs. Sample Rate
CIRCUIT INFORMATION
The AD7671 is a fast, low power, single-supply, precise 16-bit
analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The AD7671 features different
modes to optimize performances according to the applications.
In Warp Mode, the AD7671 is capable of converting 1,000,000
samples per second (1 MSPS).
The AD7671 provides the user with an on-chip track-and-hold,
successive approximation ADC that does not exhibit any pipeline
or latency, making it ideal for multiple multiplexed channel
applications.
REV. B
–55
–35
–15
5
25
45
65
85
105
125
TEMPERATURE – C
SAMPLING RATE – SPS
TPC 16. +FS, Offset, and –FS vs. Temperature
It is specified to operate with both bipolar and unipolar input
ranges by changing the connection of its input resistive scaler.
The AD7671 can be operated from a single 5 V supply and be
interfaced to either 5 V or 3 V digital logic. It is housed in a
48-lead LQFP package or a 48-lead LFCSP package that combines space savings and flexible configurations as either serial
or parallel interface. The AD7671 is a pin-to-pin compatible
upgrade of the AD7665 and AD7664.
–11–
AD7671
IND
INC
4R
4R
REF
REFGND
2R
MSB
INB
32,768C 16,384C
INA
LSB
4C
C
2C
SWA
SWITCHES
CONTROL
C
R
BUSY
COMP
INGND
CONTROL
LOGIC
OUTPUT
CODE
65,536C
SWB
CNVST
Figure 3. ADC Simplified Schematic
CONVERTER OPERATION
Modes of Operation
The AD7671 is a successive approximation analog-to-digital
converter based on a charge redistribution DAC. Figure 3 shows
the simplified schematic of the ADC. The input analog signal is
first scaled down and level shifted by the internal input resistive
scaler, which allows both unipolar ranges (0 V to 2.5 V, 0 V to 5 V,
and 0 V to 10 V) and bipolar ranges (± 2.5 V, ± 5 V, and ± 10 V).
The output voltage range of the resistive scaler is always 0 V to
2.5 V. The capacitive DAC consists of an array of 16 binary
weighted capacitors and an additional “LSB” capacitor. The
comparator’s negative input is connected to a “dummy” capacitor
of the same value as the capacitive DAC array.
The AD7671 features three modes of operation, Warp, Normal,
and Impulse. Each of these modes is more suitable for specific
applications.
During the acquisition phase, the common terminal of the array
tied to the comparator’s positive input is connected to AGND via
SWA. All independent switches are connected to the output of the
resistive scaler. Thus, the capacitor array is used as a sampling
capacitor and acquires the analog signal. Similarly, the dummy
capacitor acquires the analog signal on INGND input.
The Normal Mode is the fastest mode (800 kSPS) without any limitation about the time between conversions. This mode makes the
AD7671 ideal for asynchronous applications such as data acquisition systems, where both high accuracy and fast sample rate are
required.
The Warp Mode allows the fastest conversion rate up to 1 MSPS.
However, in this mode, and this mode only, the full specified accuracy is guaranteed only when the time between conversion does
not exceed 1 ms. If the time between two consecutive conversions
is longer than 1 ms, for instance, after power-up, the first conversion result should be ignored. This mode makes the AD7671 ideal
for applications where both high accuracy and fast sample rate
are required.
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
By switching each element of the capacitor array between REFGND
or REF, the comparator input varies by binary weighted voltage
steps (VREF/2, VREF/4 . . . VREF/65,536). The control logic toggles
these switches, starting with the MSB first, in order to bring the
comparator back into a balanced condition. After the completion
of this process, the control logic generates the ADC output code
and brings BUSY output LOW.
The Impulse Mode, the lowest power dissipation mode, allows
power saving between conversions. The maximum throughput in
this mode is 666 kSPS. When operating at 100 SPS, for example,
it typically consumes only 15 mW. This feature makes the AD7671
ideal for battery-powered applications.
Transfer Functions
Using the OB/2C digital input, the AD7671 offers two output
codings: straight binary and twos complement. The ideal transfer
characteristic for the AD7671 is shown in Figure 4 and Table III.
ADC CODE – Straight Binary
When the acquisition phase is complete and the CNVST input goes
or is LOW, a conversion phase is initiated. When the conversion
phase begins, SWA and SWB are opened first. The capacitor array
and the dummy capacitor are then disconnected from the inputs and
connected to the REFGND input. Therefore, the differential
voltage between the output of the resistive scaler and INGND
captured at the end of the acquisition phase is applied to the
comparator inputs, causing the comparator to become unbalanced.
111...111
111...110
111...101
000...010
000...001
000...000
–FS
–FS + 1 LSB
–FS + 0.5 LSB
+FS – 1 LSB
+FS – 1.5 LSB
ANALOG INPUT
Figure 4. ADC Ideal Transfer Function
–12–
REV. B
AD7671
Table III. Output Codes and Ideal Input Voltages
Description
Digital Output
Code (Hexa)
Straight Twos
Binary Complement
Analog Input
1
Full-Scale Range
Least Significant Bit
FSR – 1 LSB
Midscale + 1 LSB
Midscale
Midscale – 1 LSB
–FSR + 1 LSB
–FSR
± 10 V
305.2 mV
9.999695 V
305.2 mV
0V
–305.2 mV
–9.999695 V
–10 V
±5 V
152.6 mV
4.999847 V
152.6 mV
0V
–152.6 mV
–4.999847 V
–5 V
± 2.5 V
76.3 mV
2.499924 V
76.3 mV
0V
–76.3 mV
–2.499924 V
–2.5 V
0 V to 10 V
152.6 mV
9.999847 V
5.000153 V
5V
4.999847 V
152.6 mV
0V
0 V to 5 V
76.3 mV
4.999924 V
2.570076 V
2.5 V
2.499924 V
76.3 mV
0V
0 V to 2.5 V
38.15 mV
2.499962 V
1.257038 V
1.25 V
1.249962 V
38.15 mV
0V
FFFF2
8001
8000
7FFF
0001
00003
7FFF2
0001
0000
FFFF
8001
80003
NOTES
1
Values with REF = 2.5 V. With REF = 3 V, all values will scale linearly.
2
This is also the code for an overrange analog input.
3
This is also the code for an underrange analog input.
TYPICAL CONNECTION DIAGRAM
Figure 5 shows a typical connection diagram for the AD7671. Different circuitry shown on this diagram is optional and is discussed below.
DVDD
20
ANALOG
SUPPLY
(5V)
+
10F
NOTE 7
100nF
+
100nF
100nF
10F
DIGITAL SUPPLY
(3.3V OR 5V)
+
10F
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
ADR421
2.5V REF
NOTE 1
AVDD
AGND
DGND
DVDD
OVDD
OGND
SERIAL
PORT
REF
1M
50k
+
100nF
SCLK
CREF
NOTE 2
SDOUT
REFGND
NOTE 3
BUSY
50
CNVST
INA
U2
+
+ 10F
100nF
AD7671
AD8031
C/P/DSP
D
NOTE 8
OB/2C
NOTE 4
SER/PAR
50
DVDD
WARP
CLOCK
15
ANALOG
INPUT
(10V)
IMPULSE
NOTE 5 U1
+
2.7nF
CS
AD8021
NOTE 6
RD
IND
CC
BYTESWAP
INGND
RESET
INB
PD
INC
NOTES
1. SEE VOLTAGE REFERENCE INPUT SECTION.
2. WITH THE RECOMMENDED VOLTAGE REFERENCES, CREF IS 47F. SEE VOLTAGE REFERENCE INPUT SECTION.
3. OPTIONAL CIRCUITRY FOR HARDWARE GAIN CALIBRATION.
4. FOR BIPOLAR RANGE ONLY. SEE SCALER REFERENCE INPUT SECTION.
5. THE AD8021 IS RECOMMENDED. SEE DRIVER AMPLIFIER CHOICE SECTION.
6. WITH 0V TO 2.5V RANGE ONLY. SEE ANALOG INPUTS SECTION.
7. OPTION. SEE POWER SUPPLY SECTION.
8. OPTIONAL LOW JITTER CNVST. SEE CONVERSION CONTROL SECTION.
Figure 5. Typical Connection Diagram (± 10 V Range Shown)
REV. B
–13–
AD7671
Analog Inputs
75
The AD7671 is specified to operate with six full-scale analog input
ranges. Connections required for each of the four analog inputs,
IND, INC, INB, and INA, and the resulting full-scale ranges
are shown in Table I. The typical input impedance for each
analog input range is also shown.
70
CMRR – dB
65
Figure 6 shows a simplified analog input section of the AD7671.
The four resistors connected to the four analog inputs form a
resistive scaler that scales down and shifts the analog input range
to a common input range of 0 V to 2.5 V at the input of the
switched capacitive ADC.
60
55
50
45
40
AVDD
35
1
4R
IND
2R
R
INA
100
FREQUENCY – kHz
1000
10000
Figure 7. Analog Input CMRR vs. Frequency
4R
INC
INB
10
Except when using the 0 V to 2.5 V analog input voltage range,
the AD7671 has to be driven by a very low impedance source to
avoid gain errors. That can be done by using a driver amplifier
whose choice is eased by the primarily resistive analog input
circuitry of the AD7671.
R1
CS
R = 1.28k
AGND
Figure 6. Simplified Analog Input
By connecting the four inputs INA, INB, INC, and IND to the
input signal itself, the ground, or a 2.5 V reference, other analog
input ranges can be obtained.
When using the 0 V to 2.5 V analog input voltage range, the input
impedance of the AD7671 is very high so the AD7671 can be
driven directly by a low impedance source without gain error.
That allows, as shown in Figure 5, putting an external one-pole
RC filter between the output of the amplifier output and the
ADC analog inputs to even further improve the noise filtering
done by the AD7671 analog input circuit. However, the source
impedance has to be kept low because it affects the ac performances, especially the total harmonic distortion (THD). The
maximum source impedance depends on the amount of total THD
that can be tolerated. The THD degradation is a function of the
source impedance and the maximum input frequency as shown
in Figure 8.
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This analog input structure allows the sampling of the differential signal between the output of the resistive scaler and INGND.
Unlike other converters, the INGND input is sampled at the
same time as the inputs. By using this differential input, small
signals common to both inputs are rejected as shown in Figure 7,
which represents the typical CMRR over frequency. For instance,
by using INGND to sense a remote signal ground, the difference of
ground potentials between the sensor and the local ADC ground
is eliminated. During the acquisition phase for ac signals, the
AD7671 behaves like a one-pole RC filter consisting of the
equivalent resistance of the resistive scaler R/2 in series with R1
and CS. The resistor R1 is typically 100 W and is a lumped
component made up of some serial resistors and the on resistance of the switches.
–70
–80
THD – dB
The diodes shown in Figure 6 provide ESD protection for the
four analog inputs. The inputs INB, INC, and IND have a high
voltage protection (–11 V to +30 V) to allow a wide input voltage
range. Care must be taken to ensure that the analog input signal
never exceeds the absolute ratings on these inputs, including
INA (0 V to 5 V). This will cause these diodes to become forwardbiased and start conducting current. These diodes can handle
a forward-biased current of 120 mA maximum. For instance,
when using the 0 V to 2.5 V input range, these conditions could
eventually occur on the input INA when the input buffer’s (U1)
supplies are different from AVDD. In such cases, an input buffer
with a short-circuit current limitation can be used to protect the part.
R = 100
R = 50
–90
R = 11
–100
–110
0
100
FREQUENCY – kHz
1000
Figure 8. THD vs. Analog Input Frequency and Input
Resistance (0 V to 2.5 V Only)
The capacitor CS is typically 60 pF and is mainly the ADC
sampling capacitor. This one-pole filter with a typical –3 dB
cutoff frequency of 9.6 MHz reduces undesirable aliasing effects
and limits the noise coming from the inputs.
–14–
REV. B
AD7671
Driver Amplifier Choice
Voltage Reference Input
Although the AD7671 is easy to drive, the driver amplifier needs
to meet at least the following requirements:
The AD7671 uses an external 2.5 V voltage reference.
∑ The driver amplifier and the AD7671 analog input circuit
must be able, together, to settle for a full-scale step the capacitor array at a 16-bit level (0.0015%). In the amplifier’s data
sheet, the settling at 0.1% to 0.01% is more commonly specified. It could significantly differ from the settling time at
16-bit level and it should therefore be verified prior to the
driver selection. The tiny op amp AD8021, which combines
ultralow noise and a high gain bandwidth, meets this settling
time requirement even when used with a high gain up to 13.
∑ The noise generated by the driver amplifier needs to be kept
as low as possible in order to preserve the SNR and transition noise performance of the AD7671. The noise coming
from the driver is first scaled down by the resistive scaler
according to the analog input voltage range used and is then
filtered by the AD7671 analog input circuit one-pole, lowpass filter made by (R/2 + R1) and CS. The SNR degradation
due to the amplifier is
SNRLOSS
where:
Ê
Á
Á
28
= 20 LOG Á
2
Á
Ê 2.5 N eN ˆ
p
+
f
784
Á
2 –3dB ÁË FSR ˜¯
Ë
ˆ
˜
˜
˜
˜
˜
¯
The voltage reference input REF of the AD7671 has a dynamic
input impedance; it should therefore be driven by a low impedance
source with an efficient decoupling between REF and REFGND
inputs. This decoupling depends on the choice of the voltage
reference but usually consists of a 1 mF ceramic capacitor and a
low ESR tantalum capacitor connected to the REF and REFGND
inputs with minimum parasitic inductance. 47 mF is an appropriate
value for the tantalum capacitor when used with one of the
recommended reference voltages:
∑ The low noise, low temperature drift ADR421 and AD780
voltage references
∑ The low power ADR291 voltage reference
∑ The low cost AD1582 voltage reference
For applications using multiple AD7671s, it is more effective to
buffer the reference voltage with a low noise, very stable op amp
like the AD8031.
Care should also be taken with the reference temperature coefficient of the voltage reference that directly affects the full-scale
accuracy if this parameter matters. For instance, a ± 15 ppm/∞C
temperature coefficient of the reference changes the full scale
by ± 1 LSB/∞C.
Note that VREF , as mentioned in the Specifications table, could
be increased to AVDD – 1.85 V. The benefit here is the increased
SNR obtained as a result of this increase. Since the input range
is defined in terms of VREF, this would essentially increase the
± REF range from ± 2.5 V to ± 3 V and so on with an AVDD
above 4.85 V. The theoretical improvement as a result of this
increase in reference is 1.58 dB (20 log [3/2.5]). Due to the
theoretical quantization noise, however, the observed improvement is approximately 1 dB. The AD780 can be selected with a
3 V reference voltage.
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f–3 dB is the –3 dB input bandwidth in MHz of the AD7671
(9.6 MHz) or the cutoff frequency of the input filter if
any used (0 V to 2.5 V range).
N
is the noise factor of the amplifier (1 if in buffer
configuration).
eN
is the equivalent input noise voltage of the op amp
in nV/冪Hz.
FSR is the full-scale span (i.e., 5 V for ± 2.5 V range).
For instance, when using the 0 V to 5 V range, a driver like
the AD8021, with an equivalent input noise of 2 nV/冪Hz and
configured as a buffer, thus with a noise gain of 1, the SNR
degrades by only 0.08 dB.
∑ The driver needs to have a THD performance suitable to that
of the AD7671. TPC 11 gives the THD versus frequency
that the driver should preferably exceed.
The AD8021 meets these requirements and is usually appropriate
for almost all applications. The AD8021 needs an external compensation capacitor of 10 pF. This capacitor should have good
linearity as an NPO ceramic or mica type.
The AD8022 could also be used where a dual version is needed
and a gain of 1 is used.
The AD829 is another alternative where high frequency (above
100 kHz) performance is not required. In a gain of 1, it requires
an 82 pF compensation capacitor.
Scaler Reference Input (Bipolar Input Ranges)
When using the AD7671 with bipolar input ranges, the connection diagram in Figure 5 shows a reference buffer amplifier. This
buffer amplifier is required to isolate the REF pin from the signal
dependent current in the INx pin. A high speed op amp, such as the
AD8031, can be used with a single 5 V power supply without
degrading the performance of the AD7671. The buffer must have
good settling characteristics and provide low total noise within
the input bandwidth of the AD7671.
Power Supply
The AD7671 uses three sets of power supply pins: an analog 5 V
supply AVDD, a digital 5 V core supply DVDD, and a digital
input/output interface supply OVDD. The OVDD supply allows
direct interface with any logic working between 2.7 V and DVDD
+ 0.3 V. To reduce the number of supplies needed, the digital core
(DVDD) can be supplied through a simple RC filter from the
analog supply as shown in Figure 5. The AD7671 is independent
of power supply sequencing, once OVDD does not exceed DVDD
by more than 0.3 V, and thus free from supply voltage induced
latch-up. Additionally, it is very insensitive to power supply variations over a wide frequency range as shown in Figure 9.
The AD8610 is another option where low bias current is needed
in low frequency applications.
REV. B
–15–
AD7671
75
CONVERSION CONTROL
Figure 11 shows the detailed timing diagrams of the conversion
process. The AD7671 is controlled by the signal CNVST, which
initiates conversion. Once initiated, it cannot be restarted or
aborted, even by the power-down input PD, until the conversion
is complete. The CNVST signal operates independently of CS
and RD signals.
70
PSRR – dB
65
60
55
t2
50
t1
45
CNVST
40
35
10
1
100
1000
10000
BUSY
FREQUENCY – kHz
t4
t3
Figure 9. PSRR vs. Frequency
t6
t5
POWER DISSIPATION
MODE
In Impulse Mode, the AD7671 automatically reduces its power
consumption at the end of each conversion phase. During the
acquisition phase, the operating currents are very low, which allows a
significant power savings when the conversion rate is reduced,
as shown in Figure 10. This feature makes the AD7671 ideal for
very low power battery applications.
This does not take into account the power, if any, dissipated by
the input resistive scaler, which depends on the input voltage
range used and the analog input voltage even in Power-Down
Mode. There is no power dissipated when the 0 V to 2.5 V is used
or when both the analog input voltage is 0 V and a unipolar range,
0 V to 5 V or 0 V to 10 V, is used.
ACQUIRE
CONVERT
t7
ACQUIRE
CONVERT
t8
Figure 11. Basic Conversion Timing
In Impulse Mode, conversions can be automatically initiated. If
CNVST is held LOW when BUSY is LOW, the AD7671 controls
the acquisition phase and then automatically initiates a new conversion. By keeping CNVST LOW, the AD7671 keeps the conversion
process running by itself. It should be noted that the analog input
has to be settled when BUSY goes LOW. Also, at power-up,
CNVST should be brought LOW once to initiate the conversion
process. In this mode, the AD7671 could sometimes run slightly
faster than the guaranteed limits in the Impulse Mode of
666 kSPS. This feature does not exist in Warp or Normal Modes.
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It should be noted that the digital interface remains active even
during the acquisition phase. To reduce the operating digital
supply currents even further, the digital inputs need to be driven
close to the power rails (i.e., DVDD and DGND) and OVDD
should not exceed DVDD by more than 0.3 V.
100000
WARP/NORMAL
For applications where the SNR is critical, the CNVST signal
should have a very low jitter. To achieve this, some use a dedicated
oscillator for CNVST generation, or at least to clock it with a
high frequency low jitter clock as shown in Figure 5.
10000
POWER DISSIPATION – W
Although CNVST is a digital signal, it should be designed with
special care with fast, clean edges, and levels with minimum overshoot and undershoot or ringing. It is a good thing to shield the
CNVST trace with ground and also to add a low value serial
resistor (i.e., 50 W) termination close to the output of the
component that drives this line.
1000
100
t9
RESET
10
IMPULSE
1
BUSY
0.1
1
10
100
1000
10000
100000
1000000
SAMPLING RATE – SPS
DATA BUS
Figure 10. Power Dissipation vs. Sample Rate
t8
CNVST
Figure 12. RESET Timing
–16–
REV. B
AD7671
DIGITAL INTERFACE
CS = 0
The AD7671 has a versatile digital interface; it can be interfaced
with the host system by using either a serial or parallel interface.
The serial interface is multiplexed on the parallel data bus. The
AD7671 digital interface also accommodates both 3 V or 5 V logic
by simply connecting the OVDD supply pin of the AD7671 to the
host system interface digital supply. Finally, by using the OB/2C
input pin, straight binary and twos complement coding can be used.
The two signals CS and RD control the interface. When at least
one of these signals is HIGH, the interface outputs are in high
impedance. Usually, CS allows the selection of each AD7671 in
multicircuit applications and is held LOW in a single AD7671
design. RD is generally used to enable the conversion result on
the data bus.
t1
CNVST
t 10
t4
t3
DATA BUS
BUSY
t4
t3
PREVIOUS
CONVERSION
DATA BUS
t 12
t 13
Figure 15. Slave Parallel Data Timing for Reading (Read
during Convert)
The BYTESWAP pin allows a glueless interface to an 8-bit bus.
As shown in Figure 16, the LSB is output on D[7:0] and the
MSB is output on D[15:8] when BYTESWAP is LOW. When
BYTESWAP is HIGH, the LSB and MSB bytes are swapped and
the LSB is output on D[15:8] and the MSB is output on D[7:0].
By connecting BYTESWAP to an address line, the 16 data bits
can be read in two bytes on either D[15:8] or D[7:0].
CS = RD = 0
BUSY
t1
CNVST,
RD
t 11
PREVIOUS CONVERSION DATA
NEW DATA
CS
Figure 13. Master Parallel Data Timing for Reading
(Continuous Read)
RD
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BYTE
PARALLEL INTERFACE
The AD7671 is configured to use the parallel interface when the
SER/PAR is held LOW. The data can be read either after each
conversion, which is during the next acquisition phase, or during
the following conversion as shown, respectively, in Figures 14 and
15. When the data is read during the conversion, however, it is
recommended that it be read-only during the first half of the conversion phase. That avoids any potential feedthrough between
voltage transients on the digital interface and the most critical
analog conversion circuitry.
CS
RD
HI-Z
HIGH BYTE
t12
t12
PINS D[7:0]
HI-Z
LOW BYTE
LOW BYTE
HIGH BYTE
HI-Z
t13
HI-Z
Figure 16. 8-Bit Parallel Interface
SERIAL INTERFACE
The AD7671 is configured to use the serial interface when the
SER/PAR is held HIGH. The AD7671 outputs 16 bits of data,
MSB first, on the SDOUT pin. This data is synchronized with
the 16 clock pulses provided on the SCLK pin. The output data
is valid on both the rising and falling edge of the data clock.
SLAVE SERIAL INTERFACE
External Clock
BUSY
CURRENT
CONVERSION
DATA BUS
t 12
t 13
Figure 14. Slave Parallel Data Timing for Reading (Read
after Convert)
REV. B
PINS D[15:8]
The AD7671 is configured to accept an externally supplied
serial data clock on the SCLK pin when the EXT/INT pin is
held HIGH. In this mode, several methods can be used to read
the data. The external serial clock is gated by CS and the data
are output when both CS and RD are LOW. Thus, depending on
CS, the data can be read after each conversion or during the following conversion. The external clock can be either a continuous or
discontinuous clock. A discontinuous clock can be either normally
HIGH or normally LOW when inactive. Figures 19 and 21
show the detailed timing diagrams of these methods.
–17–
AD7671
MASTER SERIAL INTERFACE
Internal Clock
The AD7671 is configured to generate and provide the serial data
clock SCLK when the EXT/INT pin is held LOW. It also generates a SYNC signal to indicate to the host when the serial data is
valid. The serial clock SCLK and the SYNC signal can be inverted
if desired. Depending on RDC/SDIN input, the data can be read
after each conversion or during conversion. Figures 17 and 18
show the detailed timing diagrams of these two modes.
Usually, because the AD7671 is used with a fast throughput, the
mode master, read during conversion, is the most recommended
Serial Mode when it can be used.
EXT/INT = 0
CS, RD
In Read-during-Conversion Mode, the serial clock and data toggle
at appropriate instants, which minimizes potential feedthrough
between digital activity and the critical conversion decisions.
In Read-after-Conversion Mode, it should be noted that unlike
in other modes, the signal BUSY returns LOW after the 16 data
bits are pulsed out and not at the end of the conversion phase,
which results in a longer BUSY width.
While the AD7671 is performing a bit decision, it is important that
voltage transients not occur on digital input/output pins or degradation of the conversion result could occur. This is particularly
important during the second half of the conversion phase because
RDC/SDIN = 0
INVSCLK = INVSYNC = 0
t3
CNVST
t 28
BUSY
t 30
t 29
t 25
SYNC
t 14
t 18
t 19
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t 20
t 24
t 21
t 26
1
2
D15
D14
SCLK
3
14
15
16
t 15
t 27
SDOUT
X
t 16
D2
D1
D0
t 23
t 22
Figure 17. Master Serial Data Timing for Reading (Read after Convert)
RDC/SDIN = 1
EXT/INT = 0
CS, RD
INVSCLK = INVSYNC = 0
t1
CNVST
t3
BUSY
t 17
t 25
SYNC
t 14
t 19
t 20 t 21
t 15
SCLK
1
t 24
2
3
14
15
t 18
SDOUT
X
t 16
t 22
t 26
16
t 27
D15
D14
D2
D1
D0
t 23
Figure 18. Master Serial Data Timing for Reading (Read Previous Conversion during Convert)
–18–
REV. B
AD7671
EXT/INT = 1
RD = 0
INVSCLK = 0
CS, RD
BUSY
t36
SCLK
t35
t37
1
2
t31
3
14
15
16
17
18
t32
X
SDOUT
t16
D15
D14
D13
D1
D0
X15
X14
X14
X13
X1
X0
Y15
Y14
t34
SDIN
X15
t33
Figure 19. Slave Serial Data Timing for Reading (Read after Convert)
the AD7671 provides error correction circuitry that can correct
for an improper bit decision made during the first half of the
conversion phase. For this reason, it is recommended that when
an external clock is being provided, it is a discontinuous clock
that is toggling only when BUSY is LOW or, more importantly,
that does not transition during the latter half of BUSY HIGH.
BUSY
OUT
BUSY
BUSY
AD7671
AD7671
#2
(UPSTREAM)
#1
(DOWNSTREAM)
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External Discontinuous Clock Data Read after Conversion
RDC/SDIN
Though the maximum throughput cannot be achieved using this
mode, it is the most recommended of the serial slave modes.
Figure 19 shows the detailed timing diagrams of this method.
After a conversion is complete, indicated by BUSY returning LOW,
the result of this conversion can be read while both CS and RD
are LOW. The data is shifted out, MSB first, with 16 clock
pulses and is valid on both the rising and falling edge of the clock.
Among the advantages of this method, the conversion performance is not degraded because there are no voltage transients
on the digital interface during the conversion process.
Another advantage is to be able to read the data at any speed up to
40 MHz, which accommodates both slow digital host interface
and the fastest serial reading.
Finally, in this mode only, the AD7671 provides a “daisy-chain”
feature using the RDC/SDIN input pin for cascading multiple
converters together. This feature is useful for reducing component
count and wiring connections when desired as, for instance, in
isolated multiconverter applications.
An example of the concatenation of two devices is shown in Figure 20. Simultaneous sampling is possible by using a common
CNVST signal. It should be noted that the RDC/SDIN input is
latched on the opposite edge of SCLK of the one used to shift out
the data on SDOUT. Therefore, the MSB of the “upstream”
converter just follows the LSB of the “downstream” converter
on the next SCLK cycle.
REV. B
SDOUT
CNVST
RDC/SDIN
SDOUT
DATA
OUT
CNVST
CS
CS
SCLK
SCLK
SCLK IN
CS IN
CNVST IN
Figure 20. Two AD7671s in a Daisy-Chain Configuration
External Clock Data Read during Conversion
Figure 21 shows the detailed timing diagrams of this method.
During a conversion, while both CS and RD are LOW, the result
of the previous conversion can be read. The data is shifted out,
MSB first, with 16 clock pulses and is valid on both the rising and
the falling edge of the clock. The 16 bits have to be read before the
current conversion is complete. If that is not done, RDERROR
is pulsed HIGH and can be used to interrupt the host interface
to prevent incomplete data reading. There is no daisy-chain feature
in this mode, and RDC/SDIN input should always be tied either
HIGH or LOW.
–19–
AD7671
RD = 0
INVSCLK = 0
EXT/INT = 1
CS
CNVST
BUSY
t3
t 35
t 36 t 37
SCLK
1
2
t 31
14
15
16
t 32
X
SDOUT
3
D15
D14
D1
D13
D0
t 16
Figure 21. Slave Serial Data Timing for Reading (Read Previous Conversion during Convert)
DVDD
To reduce performance degradation due to digital activity, a fast
discontinuous clock of at least 25 MHz when Impulse Mode is
used, 32 MHz when Normal or 40 MHz when Warp Mode is
used, is recommended to ensure that all the bits are read during
the first half of the conversion phase. It is also possible to begin
to read the data after conversion and continue to read the last bits
even after a new conversion has been initiated. That allows the use
of a slower clock speed like 18 MHz in Impulse Mode, 21 MHz
in Normal Mode, and 26 MHz in Warp Mode.
AD7671*
MC68HC11*
SER/PAR
EXT/INT
CS
RD
BUSY
IRQ
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SDOUT
SCLK
INVSCLK
CNVST
MISO/SDI
SCK
I/O PORT
*ADDITIONAL PINS OMITTED FOR CLARITY
MICROPROCESSOR INTERFACING
The AD7671 is ideally suited for traditional dc measurement
applications supporting a microprocessor and ac signal processing
applications interfacing to a digital signal processor. The AD7671
is designed to interface either with a parallel 8-bit or 16-bit wide
interface or with a general-purpose Serial Port or I/O Ports on a
microcontroller. A variety of external buffers can be used with
the AD7671 to prevent digital noise from coupling into the ADC.
The following sections illustrate the use of the AD7671 with an
SPI equipped microcontroller, the ADSP-21065L and ADSP-218x
signal processors.
SPI Interface (MC68HC11)
Figure 22 shows an interface diagram between the AD7671 and an
SPI-equipped microcontroller, such as the MC68HC11. To accommodate the slower speed of the microcontroller, the AD7671 acts as
a slave device and data must be read after conversion. This mode
also allows the daisy-chain feature. The convert command could be
initiated in response to an internal timer interrupt. The reading of
output data, one byte at a time if necessary, could be initiated in
response to the end-of-conversion signal (BUSY going low) using
an interrupt line of the microcontroller. The serial peripheral
interface (SPI) on the MC68HC11 is configured for Master Mode
(MSTR) = 1, Clock Polarity Bit (CPOL) = 0, Clock Phase Bit
(CPHA) = 1, and SPI interrupt enable (SPIE) = 1 by writing to
the SPI Control Register (SPCR). The IRQ is configured for edgesensitive-only operation (IRQE = 1 in the OPTION register).
Figure 22. Interfacing the AD7671 to SPI Interface
ADSP-21065L in Master Serial Interface
As shown in Figure 23, the AD7671 can be interfaced to the
ADSP-21065L using the serial interface in Master Mode without
any glue logic required. This mode combines the advantages
of reducing the wire connections and the ability to read the
data during or after conversion at maximum speed transfer
(DIVSCLK[0:1] both low).
The AD7671 is configured for the Internal Clock Mode (EXT/INT
LOW) and acts therefore as the master device. The convert
command can be generated by either an external low jitter oscillator or, as shown, by a FLAG output of the ADSP-21065L or by
a frame output TFS of one Serial Port of the ADSP-21065L, which
can be used like a timer. The Serial Port on the ADSP-21065L
is configured for external clock (IRFS = 0), rising edge active
(CKRE = 1), external late framed sync signals (IRFS = 0,
LAFS = 1, RFSR = 1), and active HIGH (LRFS = 0). The Serial
Port of the ADSP-21065L is configured by writing to its receive
control register (SRCTL)—see ADSP-2106x SHARC User’s
Manual. Because the Serial Port within the ADSP-21065L will
be seeing a discontinuous clock, an initial word reading has to
be done after the ADSP-21065L has been reset to ensure that
the Serial Port is properly synchronized to this clock during each
following data read operation.
–20–
REV. B
AD7671
DVDD
AD7671*
ADSP-21065L*
SHARC ®
SER/PAR
RDC/SDIN
RD
EXT/INT
CS
SYNC
SDOUT
INVSYNC
SCLK
INVSCLK
CNVST
RFS
DR
RCLK
FLAG OR TFS
*ADDITIONAL PINS OMITTED FOR CLARITY
Figure 23. Interfacing to the ADSP-21065L Using
the Serial Master Mode
APPLICATION HINTS
Layout
The AD7671 has very good immunity to noise on the power
supplies as can be seen in Figure 9. However, care should still
be taken with regard to grounding layout.
The printed circuit board that houses the AD7671 should be
designed so the analog and digital sections are separated and confined to certain areas of the board. This facilitates the use of ground
planes that can be easily separated. Digital and analog ground
planes should be joined in only one place, preferably underneath
the AD7671, or, at least, as close as possible to the AD7671. If
the AD7671 is in a system where multiple devices require analogto-digital ground connections, the connection should still be made at
one point only, a star ground point, which should be established
as close as possible to the AD7671.
The power supply lines to the AD7671 should use as large a trace
as possible to provide low impedance paths and reduce the effect of
glitches on the power supply lines. Good decoupling is also important to lower the supplies impedance presented to the AD7671
and to reduce the magnitude of the supply spikes. Decoupling
ceramic capacitors, typically 100 nF, should be placed on all of
the power supply pins power supplies pins AVDD, DVDD, and
OVDD close to, and ideally right up against, these pins and
their corresponding ground pins. Additionally, low ESR 10 mF
capacitors should be located in the vicinity of the ADC to further
reduce low frequency ripple.
The DVDD supply of the AD7671 can be either a separate supply or come from the analog supply, AVDD, or from the digital
interface supply, OVDD. When the system digital supply is noisy,
or fast switching digital signals are present, it is recommended,
if no separate supply is available, to connect the DVDD digital
supply to the analog supply AVDD through an RC filter as shown
in Figure 5 and to connect the system supply to the interface
digital supply OVDD and the remaining digital circuitry. When
DVDD is powered from the system supply, it is useful to insert
a bead to further reduce high frequency spikes.
The AD7671 has five different ground pins: INGND, REFGND,
AGND, DGND, and OGND. INGND is used to sense the
analog input signal. REFGND senses the reference voltage and
should be a low impedance return to the reference because it carries
pulsed currents. AGND is the ground to which most internal ADC
analog signals are referenced. This ground must be connected
with the least resistance to the analog ground plane. DGND must
be tied to the analog or digital ground plane depending on the
configuration. OGND is connected to the digital system ground.
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It is recommended to avoid running digital lines under the device
as these will couple noise onto the die. The analog ground plane
should be allowed to run under the AD7671 to avoid noise
coupling. Fast switching signals like CNVST or clocks should
be shielded with digital ground to avoid radiating noise to other
sections of the board and should never run near analog signal
paths. Crossover of digital and analog signals should be avoided.
Traces on different but close layers of the board should run at right
angles to each other. This will reduce the effect of feedthrough
through the board.
REV. B
The layout of the decoupling of the reference voltage is important.
The decoupling capacitor should be close to the ADC and connected with short and large traces to minimize parasitic inductances.
Evaluating the AD7671 Performance
A recommended layout for the AD7671 is outlined in the evaluation board for the AD7671. The evaluation board package includes
a fully assembled and tested evaluation board, documentation,
and software for controlling the board from a PC via the EvalControl Board.
–21–
AD7671
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
48-Lead Low Profile Quad Flat Package [LQFP]
(ST-48)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
0.75
0.60
0.45
9.00 BSC
SQ
1.60
MAX
37
48
36
1
0.15
0.05
SEATING
PLANE
10
6
2
1.45
1.40
1.35
SEATING
PLANE
PIN 1
7.00
BSC SQ
TOP VIEW
0.20
0.09
(PINS DOWN)
VIEW A
7
3.5
0
0.10 MAX
COPLANARITY
25
12
13
24
0.27
0.22
0.17
0.50
BSC
VIEW A
ROTATED 90 CCW
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MS-026BBC
48-Lead Lead Frame Chip Scale Package [LFCSP]
(CP-48)
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Dimensions shown in millimeters
7.00
BSC SQ
0.60 MAX
0.60 MAX
37
6.75
BSC SQ
TOP
VIEW
0.20
REF
12 MAX
1
25
24
12
13
5.50
REF
0.80 MAX
0.65 NOM
0.05 MAX
0.02 NOM
0.50 BSC
SEATING
PLANE
5.25
5.10 SQ
4.95
BOTTOM
VIEW
0.50
0.40
0.30
1.00
0.90
0.80
PIN 1
INDICATOR
48
36
PIN 1
INDICATOR
0.30
0.23
0.18
PADDLE CONNECTED TO AGND.
THIS CONNECTION IS NOT
REQUIRED TO MEET THE
ELECTRICAL PERFORMANCES
COPLANARITY
0.08
COMPLIANT TO JEDEC STANDARDS MO-220-VKKD-2
–22–
REV. B
AD7671
Revision History
Location
Page
4/03—Data Sheet changed from REV. A to REV. B.
Changes to PulSAR Selection table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Changes to ORDERING GUIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Changes to Figure 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Updated OUTLINE DIMENSIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5/02—Data Sheet changed from REV. 0 to REV. A.
Edits to FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Edits to GENERAL DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Chart added to PRODUCT HIGHLIGHTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Edits to SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–3
Edits to Table I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Edits to ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Edits to ORDERING GUIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Edits to TPC 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
New TPC 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Addition of TPC 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Edits to Table III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Edits to Driver Amplifier Choice section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
New Voltage Reference Input section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
New ST-48 Package Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
REV. B
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C02567–0–5/03(B)
www.BDTIC.com/ADI
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