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REVERSE LOGISTICS PAVILION COMES OF AGE

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REVERSE LOGISTICS PAVILION COMES OF AGE
Serving the Automotive, Health Sciences, Retail, and High Tech Industries
Re
ve
rs
e
Co Log
me ist
s o ics
f A Pa
ge vil
ion
official magazine of the
Edition 65
Conferência e
Exposição sobre
Logística Reversa
no Brasil
Conferencia y
Exposición de
Logística Inversa
en São Paulo
Brasil
Reverse Logistics
Conference &
Expo in São Paulo
Brazil
à Patrocinado pela “Reverse
Logistics Association”
16-18 de Septiembre
• Participação de profissionais
de todo o mundo inclusive da
América do Sul e Central
• Principais OEMs e Varejistas
estão procurando por empresas terceirizadas para prover
serviços de gerenciamento e
administração do processo de
Logística Reversa nesta região.
Patrocinado por la Asociación
de Logística Inversa
Sponsored by the
Reverse Logistics
Association
De 16 a 18 de Setembro
Programe-se agora mesmo para
aprender com os especialistas
em Logística Reversa e aproveite
para fazer um network com
outros profissionais do ramo
• Profesionales
mundialmente participan
en este evento
• Principales fabricantes y
minoristas están en busca
de companias de servicios
que pueden gestionar su
inversa logística en sus
regiones
• Disfrute de la temporada
de otoño en el sol
brasileño!
September 16-18
• Professionals worldwide will
attend this event.
• Major OEMs & Retailers
are looking for Third Party
Service Providers that can
manage their Reverse
Logistics in this region.
• Enjoy the fall season in the
Brazilian sun!
Plan now to learn from the
experts in Reverse Logistics
and network with other RL
professionals.
Planear ahora para aprender de
los expertos de Logística Inversa
y hacer contactos con otros
profesionales
Venue:
Expo Center Norte
with 120 exhibitors
and 30,000 attendees
Para maiores informações,
visite: www.rltshows.com/
brazil.php
Marque su
calendario ahora
MARK YOUR
CALENDAR NOW
www.RLAshows.org
www.RLAshows.org
www.RLAshows.org
Special
Reverse Logistics
Pavilion
RESTROOMS
RESTROOMS
GKO D303 INOBAGD301
C203 C205 C207 C209 D203 D207 D209 D300
A209 A201 B209 B201
B191
B181
RLA
Pavillion
B171
B161
B151a
A141
A140
A131a
A133
A134
A130
A120
A110
A135
A131
A121
A111
A100
A101
A121
A101
A61
A35
A41
MANITOU
A50
A11
C160 C160a C161a C161
C150 C150a C151a C151
LONGA
C150
FORT MODUL
PALET
E191
D190
AGRA
D200
D180
B30
G191
G190
F170
G171
G170
F150
RENTANK
O140
F140
H141
G141
TOYOTA
D11
B10
J150
TOLEDO
DO NOVEX
BRASIL
H140 I141
PAVILHÃO
ABRALOG
I140
IRON
A131
SET
CESP
J130
TRILOGIC SPALLO
COMPLEX J119
TECNOLOGIA
EMBALATEC
G80
NAUTIKASASCAR
LINTEC
HOIST- JIB
G11
F10
SCAN
BRASIL RICKLOG
J41
I80
CORD
SUPER
FLEX STRAP
J51
I40
B200
G10
J50
J40
J34
J80
VISO
J20
CGP
J14
VERSUS
J10
SAUR
BERTOLINI
RTI
J120
GENOA
O141
H30
G40
F40
MZA
I51
H80
REVERSE LOGISTICS PAVILION
EDITORA
GLOBO
POLLUX
J101
I100
I101
H100
AUXTER
INTERMEC
E10D10 F11
D10
I150
G100
SCHEFFER
E40
I170
I151
H150
PAVILHÃO
AMERICANO
E2
N80
F100
PALETRANS
H171
CHEP IMPULPAR
E80
RETRAK
GCCA
H170
ATCO EVERGREEN
H151
G150
MAXTER
ALMI
C41
I191
GCCA
PISANI LONKING
METALSHOP
TEDESCO
C31
GTP
B50
BAOLI
F190
MKS
G140
ULMA
D100
C100
MTO
KM
MARCAMP
E200
B151
RLA Conference & Expo:
São Paulo 2014
Exhibitor Floorplan
I301
H300 H201
G301
G300
F301
F300
E170 F171
BONA UNIMAQ
F151
P80
O
SCHIOPPA STOR
PACK
SCHIOPPA
PAVILHÃO
FLORIDA
A30
C171
C170
B140
B40
PLATAFORT
B141
EMBALAPLAST
C190
D191
ISMA
MATRA
A31
A21
A15
B190 B190a B191a B191
B180 B180a B181a B181
E301
E300
I10
I2
CAFE
RESTROOMS
B2
TOTVS
D03
TOPICO
D2
N100
F6
F2
P120 G8
G2
K30
K10
L10
K70
K60
L40
K80
K90 K100
LIBRELATO
RENAULT
L20
Emergency Exit
K50
RESTROOMS
RESTROOMS
RESTROOMS
S180 K20
RLA Pavillion
N101
L60
L90
L100
Test Drive
L120
M10
VIC
M40
M20
N20
4
Reverse Logistics Magazine
•
Edition 65
N30
www.RLmagazine.com
M50
FACCHINI
M60
THERMO-FLEX
N60
N50
M70
N76
www.RLmagazine.com
N84
M120
M150
M130
N90
Edition 65
•
Reverse Logistics Magazine
5
RLA Conference & Expo: São Paulo 2014 Exhibitor/Sponsor List
AGRA
EMBALAPLAST
Booth D191
Booth J80
JLW
PALETRANS
ALMI
EMBALATEC
JOSÉ BRAULIO
PICK TO LIGHT SYSTEMS
Booth D2
Booth I101
AMARRAFORTE
EMPLACA
KEEPERS
PICKLOG
Startrade / JLog
ASTRA
EVERGREEN
KM CARREGADORES
Booth H150
Booth F140
ATCO
EYEFRIEGHT
Booth J40
Booth G40
LINTEC
PLATAFORT
AUXTER
FACCHINI
LOGIN EMPILHADEIRAS
POWERLIFT
BASTIAN
FACE PRINT
Booth I301
Booth C150
LONGA
PROTECHOQUE-WTM
BERTOLINI
FCM OUTSOURCING
LONKING EMPILHADEIRA
Booth G2
Booth G141
RENAULT
TEDESCO
Booth L40
Booth C31
FLEXMOTO
MARCAMP
RENTANK
THERMO-FLEX
RETRAK
TOLEDO DO BRASIL
Booth D200
Booth C41
Booth G80
Booth D300
Booth F2
Booth H150
Booth H151
Booth G150
Booth E40
Booth M60
Booth A61
Booth G10
BONA
Booth P80
BTR SÃO PAULO
Booth J34
BONA
Booth S180
FORT PALET
BTR SÃO PAULO
CALJAN RITE-HITE
Booth J50
Booth G301
Booth F301
MAXTER
Booth F150
Booth O141
Booth E300
Booth A201
CHEP
GKO INFORMãTICA
ROTOPLAST
Booth N80
Booth D303
METAL FORCE
CIVEX
GRENZEBACH
METALMAIS
Booth H300
Booth E10
CODIFLEX
GTP gtp
Booth B50
Booth B151
COMBILIFT
HOIST - JIB
Booth B200
Booth H30
IMSULPAR
COMPEX TECNOLOGIA
Booth I100
Booth E2
CORDSTRAP
INOBAG
ISMA
Booth B200
Reverse Logistics Magazine
•
Edition 65
Booth N50
Booth H140
TOPICO Topico
metal force
Booth D03
TOTVS totvs
REVISTA P&S /
REVISTA PACK
Booth B2
TRILOGIQ
Booth H100
Booth I151
ULMA
Booth F151
Booth J10
Booth I51
Booth E191
VIC
SAUR
MOVVERA
Booth M50
Booth I10
Booth A41
SCAN BRASIL
MZA
Booth I80
unimaq
VERSUS
SASCAR
MODUL
VISO
Booth J20
XINGJIE MACHINERY
Booth C151a
SCHEFFER
Booth F40
Booth H80
SCHIOPPA
NKD
Booth B30
Booth A131
NOVEX
SCHWANKE
Booth I141
www.RLmagazine.com
UNIMAQ
Booth N101
Booth H141
IRON BRASIL
Booth A50 and B140
Booth N100
RUNTEC
NAUTIKA
EHRHARDT + PARTNER
SOLUTIONS
SYTHEX
Protechoque
MKS
INOVATECH
Booth G300
Booth B201
Booth G11
CST LATINOAMERICA
Booth B200
SUPRIMEC
powerlift
Booth F300
Booth F10
EDITORA TRÊS
Booth I40
Booth D100
Booth D301
Booth P120
SUPERFLEX
RTI
Booth J51
Booth B200
Booth D180
REVISTA GESTÃO E NEGÓCIOS
REVISTA P&S / REVISTA PACK
Booth J150
STOROPACK
Pisani
Booth D11
MCP
GENOA
Booth E301
Booth O140
Booth B209
Booth J14
6
Booth A11
Booth E80
CGP COATING
INNOVATION
SPALLO
Booth B141
MATRA
FRIOZEM
Booth I191
PISANI
Booth C100
Booth B40
Booth C161
Booth J41
Booth F6
Booth D190
SHANGHAI XINFAN
Booth D10
Booth H201
www.RLmagazine.com
Edition 65
•
Reverse Logistics Magazine
7
RL Magazine is available on these E-Readers:
Issue 8 Volume 7
Cover Article
Articles
Reverse Logistics of Dangerous Chemical
Waste in São Paulo Hospitals
by Orlando Cattini Junior and Vital de Oliveira Ribeiro Filho
Page 18
Page 24
Page 16
Reverse Logistics
Pavilions – a
Solution Worth
Seeing
Inventory Optimization Strategies Q&A with Omur Bagci, Director
Global Services at ReSolve, a subsidiary of Arrow Electronics
Page 34
Page 38
Logistics
As a leader in the reverse supply chain industry, Omur Bagci is an
expert on risk mitigation and helps manufacturers…
The Reverse Logistics Group Grupo Pao de Acucar
Professional are coming
by Felipe Ortiz
to your neighborhood
soon! For years one of the
Page 42
Page 44
challenges that Reverse
Logistics
Association
The Reverse Logistics Group Grupo Pao de Acucar is consolidating more
and more regarding the proper disposal of products and wastes…
has faced was how we
8 Questions You Should Ask About Support before
Buying Field Service Management Software
get our subject matter to
by Leah Merrill
the masses while staying
Page 52
within our budget.
If you are a field service business, you know how crucial good customer
service is to your company.
Feature Articles
Returning Thoughts
by Paul Rupnow
How to do a Quick Review of your Reverse Logistics Software Systems
Page 56
Reverse Logistics Talk
Page 60
8
by Jennifer Bilodeau
Project evaluators that need to contemplate governmental influences as they consider project assets, capabilities, and constraints and how it factors into a reverse logistics program.
Reverse Logistics Magazine
Working to Your
Strengths
page 20
•
Edition 65
www.RLmagazine.com
RLA Conf & Expo:
Las Vegas Program
pg 23
Supplementing the Reverse Supply
Chain One Board at a Time
page 40
Leading Dell’s Global
Reverse Logistics
Team, Doug Schmitt &
Tom Maher,
Transformation
- pg 12
Edition 47
Non-qualified rates
are as follows:
One Year
Subscriptions:
Global: $5.00
Kindle
To unsubscribe email:
[email protected]
Publisher – Gailen Vick
Editor – Felecia Przybyla
News Media – Alex Spasic
Technical Director – Matt Gwilliam
Director of Education – Doug Pratt
Article Translator/Account Manager –
Denise Suyama
Public Relations – Krislyn Emely Gundaya
Magazine Production
& Graphic Artist – Benjamin Trokey
Board of Advisors
Dr. Mark Ferguson – University of South Carolina
James H. Hunt IV – GENCO
Charles Johnston – Home Depot
Troy Kubat - Walmart
Thomas Maher - Dell
David Moloney, Google
Ian Rusher - Cisco Systems
Ian Towell – Tesco
Susan Wackerman – Hewlett-Packard Company
For more information on the Board of Advisors,
go to RLA.org
Editorial and Circulation Office
441 W. Main Suite D
Lehi, UT 84043-2024
Phone: 801-331-8949
Fax: 801-206-0090
[email protected]
www.RLmagazine.com
BPA Worldwide Membership May 2010. Printed
in the U.S.A.
ISSUE 8 VOLUME
REVERSE LOGISTICS MAGAZINE (ISSN 19343698) is published monthly for $5.00/per year by
Reverse Logistics Association.
iTunes In-App Purchase: $4.99
Amazon Kindle Monthly Subscription $1.49
Edition 65 published July 2014.
The information presented in this publication has
been provided by corporations and is believed
to be accurate; the publisher cannot assure its
completeness or accuracy.
www.RLmagazine.com
Android
iPhone
iPad
Nook
RL Magazine will publish 12 issues annually — 12 new digital editions! Reverse
Logistics Magazine welcomes articles and abstracts.
Please send to: [email protected]
by Omur Bagci
By Gailen Vick
Reverse
In this article we relate how some hospitals, in São Paulo city, handle
the dangerous chemical waste generated by their diagnostics process.
Go to RLmagazine.
com. Individual
subscriptions are
available without
charge to qualified
individuals.  
Articles
Reverse Logistics in E-Commerce: A
Framework to Set up A Program for your
Online Store, Part 2 of 2
Page 48
by Adam Robinson
This article concludes the two part series on setting up an
e-commerce reverse logistics framework strategy so that
when, as a manufacturer or distributor, you are going
about perfecting or just setting up your products to sell
Video
What is the Reverse Logistics
Association?
by Reverse Logistics Association
Page 47
Features
Message from the Editor 10
Read the Press 27
Focus Committees Industry Events
46
Message from the Publisher 12
Returning Thoughts
56
Advisory Board
13
Industry Jobs
59
Industry Committees
14
Reverse Logistic Talk
60
Regional Chapters
19
Advertiser Index
63
11
Edition 65
•
Reverse Logistics Magazine
9
Message from the Editor
A year ago I moved across country to Cleveland, Ohio. We had to find a new internet/cable/phone
service to use, so we selected one and had to have it installed into the temporary rental we moved into.
When the technician arrived, we were made aware that our home was not properly set up for their
services, and he would have to add a cable from the outside that comes into the inside, as well as add a
back-up power supply for the phone, to be used when we might lose power. All was taken care of, and
for the past year, we used the services with no issues.
A year later, just a few weeks ago, we moved to a new home, and of course had to have all of our
services moved as well. We called the service provider, and scheduled a time for a technician to come
out and re-install into our new home. At this time, we were told to be sure to disconnect all hardware, and bring it to the new
home. We did this, and were ready with the technician arrived.
After a few bumps in the road with scheduling and miscommunication within the
service company, we finally got a technician arrive and told us we didn’t have to
bring the back-up power supply to our new home, because it wasn’t needed. We
moved forward with the installation and a few hours later were connected to the
world. The technician left our home, and we realized we still had this 10lb backup power supply sitting in our tv room. My husband grabbed the unit, and ran out
to the technician’s van. He told us that he didn’t need the unit, and that we could
keep it. Of course, we didn’t want the 10lb battery unit, and have no use for it,
so insisted that he take it, but he told us that he doesn’t take it back, that we can
keep it, and if we don’t want it to just discard it ourselves.
Of course, my Reverse Logistics brain set off, and I was very confused as to why this service provider was not re-using the
unit, or refurbishing the unit for other use, or discarding it themselves if they no longer needed it. Since this group has been a
member of RLA, I contacted the Director of Reverse Logistics about the issue – and inquired about the unit, relaying the story.
Fortunately, I got the response I was hoping for: “We had been collecting those BBU’s and recycling them at our Fort Worth
facility for reuse so I’m not sure why the technician gave you that direction. Please work directly with [Name removed] and
[Name removed] copied on this mail.”
I was so happy to see this response, to see that this Service Provider has taken the proper steps and already taken this unit into
consideration within Reverse Logistics. It seems there was a lack of communication or error on the side of the technician,
which will get worked out. However, in whatever business you are in, we always want to remember that Customer Service is
a part of Reverse Logistics – and each Reverse Logistics department needs to take into consideration what our customers are
doing with our “unneeded” parts, and consider making it our responsibility as well.
OUR MISSION
Thank you,
Felecia Przybyla
[email protected]
10
O
to be a catalyst for innovation
in developing and implementing
new RL processes. We have
been and will continue to
provide our services to the
industry at a moderate price.
ur mission is to educate
and inform Reverse
Logistics professionals
around the world. RLA
focuses on the reverse logistics
processes across all industries.
No matter the industry
— High Tech, Consumer
Electronics,
Automotive,
Medical/Pharmaceutical, Food
and Beverage, Apparel, or
other — our goal is to provide
RL process knowledge to all
industries. We want to educate
everyone about the Reverse
Logistics processes that are
common to all industries and
Reverse Logistics Magazine
M
anaging
the
latest
information in services
such as repair, customer
service, parts management,
end-of-life
manufacturing,
service logistics, field service,
returns processing and order
fulfillment (just to name a few)
can be a little intimidating, to
say the least. Yet that is exactly
•
Edition 65
what the Reverse Logistics
Association provides through
our membership services.
We serve manufacturers and
retailers in a variety of settings
while offering ongoing updates
on market trends, research,
mergers
and
acquisitions
and potential outsourcing
opportunities to 3PSPs. We
have gained the attention of
3PLs like FedEx, DHL, USPS
and UPS. 3PSPs like Teleplan,
Foxconn, Flextronics, Canon,
Sony and Jabil, along with smalland medium-sized service
providers have found that
RLA resources help advertise
their services to a regional
and global audience. OEMs like
Microsoft, HP, RIM, and Sony,
along with Retailers like WalMart, Canadian Tire, Tesco and
Best Buy all participate at our
events. Through RLA Events,
RLA Connect services and our
publications – RL Magazine and
the Weekly News Clippings
email – we help OEMs, ODMs,
Branded and Retail companies
find service partners and
solutions providers that were
previously unknown to them.
www.RLmagazine.com
Reverse Logistics Association
Focus Committees
FOCUS COMMITTEES
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
• Jennifer Bilodeau, Reverse Logistics Talk
EXTENDED WARRANTIES
• Charles Chappell, Genco
• Andrew Cowan, The InFocus Group
• Mohan Kumar D, Hewlett-Packard
• Edwin Heslinga, Microsoft
RL CERTIFICATION
Chairperson: Tony Sciarrotta, Reverse It Sales & Consulting
Co-Chairperson: David Giese, Dell, Inc.
Coordinator: YE ZHAO, East Carolina University
• Jennifer Bilodeau, Reverse Logistics Talk
• Haozhe Chen, East Carolina University
• Kelly Davies, Flextronics
• Jack Debutts, Spinnaker Management Group
• Mark Ferguson, University of South Carolina
• Elaine Gasser, Hewlett-Packard
• David Giese, Dell, Inc.
• Jason Maciver, Dell, Inc.
• Mark Mcdonald, MarkQ Consulting
• David Patton, American Public University
• Tony Sciarrotta, Reverse It Sales & Consulting
• Ye Zhao, East Carolina University
SOFTWARE SOLUTIONS
Chairperson: Leonard Schneeman, DEX
Co-Chairperson: Paul Rupnow, Andlor Logistics Systems Inc
• Cynthia Cheak, Dell, Inc.
• Haozhe Chen, East Carolina University
• Randal Dewey, Pervacio
• Matt Domachowski, GENCO ATC
• Roger Levi, Intel
• Ray Miller, CSDP
www.RLmagazine.com
•
•
•
•
Peter Philippens, Ideatics BV
John Rinehart, Intel
Paul Rupnow, Andlor Logistics Systems Inc
Sheryl Skifstad, Motorola
SPARE PARTS MANAGEMENT
• Mohan Kumar D, Hewlett-Packard
• Dan Gardner, GENCO
• Sergio Garza, Eesource Corporation
• Patrick Joseph, Encompass
• Marko Niinisto, Philips
• Jim Scarff, Encompass
• Derek Scott, Canon
• Jose Luis Villalvazo, Hewlett-Packard
• John Weatherup, Hewlett-Packard
STANDARDS
Chairperson: Ron Lembke, University of Nevada
Co-Chairperson: Paul Rupnow, Andlor Logistics Systems Inc
Co-Chairperson: Ken Jacobsen, Connexus
• Ken Jacobsen, Connexus
• Ron Lembke, University of Nevada
• Tommy Rector, American Public University
• Paul Rupnow, Andlor Logistics Systems Inc
SUSTAINABILITY AND
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
Chairperson: Maria Molina, DCM
• Jennifer Bilodeau, Reverse Logistics Talk
• Jose Garcia, Motorola
• Cintia Gates, Dell, Inc.
• Raymond Glynn, Arrow Value Recovery
• Maria Molina, PlanITROI
• Renee St. Denis, Hewlett Packard
• Kenneth Turner, Hewlett-Packard
Edition 65 •
Reverse Logistics Magazine
11
Reverse Logistics association
Reverse Logistics association
Message from the Publisher
Not for Profit
Take a look at our next event in Sao Paulo, Brazil. There will be over one hundred and twenty exhibitors and
30,000 attendees at our combined event with the other logistics, warehousing and supply chain organizations. Make
sure you visit the Reverse Logistics Pavilion in the center of the exhibit area and made sure your register for the
conference sessions.
In my announcement this February at our flagship event in Las Vegas, I told the audience that I would be retiring
in 2016. Well there is so much to do before then. Here are just a few of the tasks that must be completed in the next
year and a half.
• Moving RLA to a “Not for Profit” status, more
specifically a 501 (c)(6) filing with the Internal
Revenue System.
In Process
• Creating the Organization Done
• Organizing DocumentsDone
• BylawsDone
• Employer Identification NumberDone
When I started RLA in 2002, I never realized the size and scope that it would become. I’m always amazed to see so
many titles with Reverse Logistics as part of the title, and in so many industries!
This edition of RL Magazine is full of helpful stories in both English and Portuguese. We hope that you will focus
on this important market in Brazil. Come prepared to use this platform in Sao Paulo, Brazil where you’ll rub
shoulders with both Reverse and Forward Logistics professionals across so many industries. Just take a look at the
exhibitor list so for.
Best Regards,
Gailen Vick, Founder & Publisher
www.RLA.org
Reverse Logistics Magazine
•
Edition 65
and assist the Reverse Logistics Association management team in making informed decisions. Advisors include:
Dr. Mark Ferguson – University
of South Carolina, Dr. Mark Ferguson
serves as the Director of the Sustainable
Enterprise and Development Initiative.
Dr. Ferguson has worked in the reverse
logistics area for over ten years; teaching
classes on reverse logistics topics,
consulting with companies and providing
thought leadership of the area through his
research.
Here is some exciting news, we have
been trying to find a partner that we
could work with to co-locate our
events with professionals in Supply
Chain, Logistics and Manufacturing.
We have found that REED exhibitions
gives us that luxury while reducing
our cost for our Members! So stay tuned-in, you will start to see
Reverse Logistics Pavilions at many of the major REED events
around the world. Picture an exhibit booth cost of only $4,999
and attendance cost under $399. This is just the beginning of the
advantages.
12
Board of Advisors A Board of Advisors comprised of industry experts has been set up to monitor
www.RLmagazine.com
management and parts disposal. These
operations support 100% of Dell’s warranty
customers across all Business Units and all
Product Lines.
David Moloney, Google, David
Moloney, as Senior Manager of Reverse
Logistics & Business Systems, is an
operational leader with technical focus, a
technical leader with operational focus: “I
flip between both roles as circumstances
require. I build operations for consumer
electronics startups: business model,
process, legal framework, international
expansion, NPI, PLM, sourcing talent,
forward logistics, contact centers, reverse
logistics, wireless certification, online and
backend systems, knowledge management,
sleeve rolling-up.”
Ian Rusher - Cisco Systems, 20
Years within Supply Chain Operations, of
which the last 15 Years have been spent
in reverse Logistics. Previous experience
running 3Com EMEA Warranty/Service
Repair Operations, Responsible for both
Internal and 3rd party repair operational
performance and Engineering support.
Ian Towell – Tesco, Responsible for
end to end accountability for the non
food returns business within UK Tesco,
focussing on improving quality, policy
application, asset recovery and logistical
flow.
Susan Wackerman – HewlettPackard Company, Susan Wackerman
is currently a Sr. Operations Manager
in the Americas Supply Chain for HP’s
Imaging and Printing Group. In her
position, Susan is responsible for the
Recycling Operations for HP Americas and
the Returns Operations / Remarketing for
HP Americas Imaging and Printing Group.
James H. Hunt IV – GENCO
Technology Services, Jim is the Senior
Vice President, Business Development
for GENCO Technology Services. He has
responsibility for account management,
new business sales and solutions
development. He joined GENCO in July
2012.
Charles Johnston – Home Depot,
Charles Johnston is Director of Repair
and Returns at The Home Depot Chuck
was with WAL-MART for the past 14
years and his responsibilities include
Returns, Imports, Exports, Tires and
Printing and Mailing Distribution.
Troy Kubat - Walmart, Troy is now
the Director of Logistics EngineeringGrocery at Walmart having worked is way
up from Director, Logistics Operations,
Industrial Engineering Manager at Walmart
- International Division and Japan
Expatriate - Logistics Operations Lead at
Walmart - International Division
Thomas Maher - Dell, Tom Maher
joined Dell in 1997 and is the Executive
Director for Global Service Parts. Mr. Maher
is responsible for service parts life cycle
support in over 100 countries. Mr. Maher’s
global service parts responsibilities include:
planning, procurement, distribution, returns,
repair, inventory management, supplier
Reverse Logistics Association Industry Committees
Industry Committees are set up to provide
a standing forum for Reverse Logistics
Professionals to meet on a regional and global
basis and discuss common Reverse Logistics
issues at the RLA Conferences & Expos. Industry
Committees educate the industry on reverse
logistics:
• “Best Practices”
• Consumer Satisfaction Issues
• Regulations on a Worldwide & Regional
Basis Processes that can Reduce Costs
APPAREL
Chairperson: Gailen Vick, Reverse Logistics Association
CONSUMER PRODUCTS
Chairperson: Paul Baum, PlanITROI
Co-Chairperson: Kathy Murphy, Jarden Consumer Solutions
• Elaine Gasser, Hewlett-Packard
FOOD AND BEVERAGE (UNSALEABLES)
Retailers
• Cintia Gates, Dell, Inc.
• Dawn Bland, Inmar
Coordinator: Rachelle Hetterson, • Ken Jacobsen, Connexus
• Gene Bodenheimer, GENCO
Defense Ammunition Center
• Patrick Joseph, Encompass
• Dr. Oliver Hedgepeth, American Public University
• Raul Castilla, Walmart
• Jason Kollarik, Samsung
• Thomas Marcellino, Inmar
• Andrea Newman, Best Buy
• Anthony Pereira, Barnes & Noble
• Brad Larsen, Hewlett-Packard
• Mark Mcdonald, MarkQ Consulting
Life Sciences
• Maria Molina, PlanITROI
• Jack Debutts, Spinnaker Management Group
• Dave Moloney, Google
• Dan Gardner, GENCO
• Peter Philippens, Ideatics BV
REMAN (AUTOMOTIVE & HD)
IESEG school of management
• Mark Prol, Inmar
Chairperson: Gailen Vick, Reverse Logistics Association
• Yann Conchaudron, IESEG school of management
• Rajesh Revannasiddaiah, kuehne+ nagel
• Charles Chappell, Genco
• Paul Rupnow, Andlor Logistics Systems Inc
WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATIONS
• Jim Rushton, Encompass
Chairperson: Angelika Kluna, CLi360, Inc.
• Jim Scarff, Encompass
• Paul Adamson, Spinnaker Management Group
• Tony Sciarrotta, Reverse It Sales & Consulting
• Peter Carfrae, GENCO
• Craig Sultan, Home Depot Direct
• Randal Dewey, Pervacio
• Chris Tejeda, Inmar
• Bill Kenney, OnProcess Technology
• Angelika Kluna, CLi360, Inc.
• Kate Pearce, Compass Intelligence, LLC
• Ray Agarpo, Hewlett-Packard
Data Storage
• Paul Baum, PlanITROI
Chairperson: Tom Burnam, Western Digital
• Patrick Blinn, Microsoft
• Tom Burnam, Western Digital
• Brianne Boettner, Best Buy
• Gary Gear, • Andrew Cowan, The InFocus Group
• Joseph Mount, Tabernus, LLC
• Jack Debutts, Spinnaker Management Group
• Rachel North, Toshiba America Electronic
• Dave Showalter, CRS Recycling / Services
• Larry Worden, EcoAsia Technologies, Ltd.
Join today at www.RLA.org
Components, INC.
• Mark Ferguson, University of South Carolina
Reverse Logistics Magazine
• Bob Ragsdale, Pervacio
Toshiba America Electronic Components, Inc.
• Charles Dunton, Genco
14
SPACE & AVIATION (OBSOLESCENCE)
Coordinator: Yann Conchaudron, • Kathy Murphy, Jarden Consumer Solutions
Co-Chairperson: Tony Sciarrotta, Reverse It Sales & Consulting
• Charles Chappell, Genco
• Craig Sultan, Home Depot Direct
•
Edition 65
Focus Committees continued on to page 11
Regional Focus continued on to page 19
• Jose Luis Villalvazo, Hewlett-Packard
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Edition 65 •
Reverse Logistics Magazine
15
Cover Article
Pavilhão de Logística Reversa –
uma solução que agrega muito valor !
Reverse Logistics Pavilions –
a Solution Worth Seeing
By Gailen Vick, Founder of RLA
By Gailen Vick, Founder of RLA
de revistas e mais um ingrediente , Logística Reversa”,
diz Laurent Noel , Vice President da REED Expositions
“Nós sentimos que consolidar diferentes eventos em uma
conferência maior era a resposta. O que isso significa
para a RLA?” disse Gailen Vick, diretor executivo da
RLA, “Nós seremos capazes de trazer nossos negócios
para cada localização, globalmente de Mumbai ao
México e Europa Oriental até a França. Sim de 8 a 10
eventos por ano. Seremos capazes de fazer isto porque
a infraestrutura da REED tem o conhecimento que nós
temos no quesito Logística Reversa”.
Profissionais de Logística Reversa estão vindo para o
Brasil ! Por anos, um dos desafios da RLA – Associação
Mundial de Logística Reversa tinha ,era : como trazer tal
questão para as mais pessoas e empresas e dentro de seu
budget. Utilizado várias tentativas e com muito esforço,
nós encontramos o formato que nos permite cumprir
com nossa missão e objetivo trazendo um suporte maior
aos nossos profissionais e membros associados.
Sr. Noel percebeu que, trazer mais informações sobre o
tema da Logística Reversa era muito importante e tinha
de ser feito com um grupo com o conhecimento dos
profissionais de logística reversa em todo o mundo. “É
por isso que se uniram com RLA. Eles sabem quem são
os profissionais de logística reversa e que fazem isso há
mais de 12 anos.”
Venha e junte-se a nós em São Paulo (Brasil) em setembro
para o nosso 1º evento juntando as áreas de Logística e
Começando em Setembro deste ano a RLA juntou-se Logística Reversa. Haverá mais de 30.000 profissionais
com a “REED Expositions” em eventos de “Supply da América do Sul e mais de 120 expositores.
Chain”, Logística , Armazenamento e Manufatura.
Você verá , em primeira mão, como a magnitude deste
Haverá um Pavilhão de Logística Reversa destacado e tipo de infraestrutura economiza tempo e dinheiro ao
organizado pela RLA. Contando com nossas sessões de trazer o conhecimento necessário para toda a sua cadeia
conferência habituais, os varejistas e fabricantes farão de abastecimento.
palestras trazendo maior conhecimento em Logística
Reversa.
Alguns dirão, bem isto não é um bom negócio, pois não
é diferente de ter sessões sobre Logística Reversa em
qualquer lugar.
Na verdade é muito, muito mais do que isso. Agora
a RLA trará o conhecimento de seus palestrantes de
Logística Reversa, consultores e prestadores de serviços
também para executivos seniors da área de Logística.
Reverse Logistics Magazine
•
Edition 65
Starting in September of this year RLA is teaming up
with REED Expositions where they have Supply Chain,
Logistics, Warehousing and Manufacturing events.
There will be a Reverse Logistics Pavilion highlighted
and hosted by RLA. Along with our normal Conference
sessions, OEM and Retailer speakers will bring their
knowledge of RL.
Some might say, well this is no big deal, it’s no different
than someone having a RL session anywhere. But it’s
much, much more than that. Now RLA will bring their
knowledge of Reverse Logistics speakers, consultants
and third party service providers to a location near
you, while at the same time co-mingling with senior
management from the Supply Chain.
“O que mudou ? Imagine profissionais de “Supply Chain”,
Logística , manuseamento de material, fabricantes de
software e sistemas , depósitos, consultores, integradores
de systemas, prestadores de serviços logísticos, editores
16
Reverse Logistics Professional are coming to your
neighborhood soon! For years one of the challenges that
Reverse Logistics Association has faced was how we get
our subject matter to the masses while staying within
our budget. With several trials and a recent struggle
we have found a format that allows Reverse Logistics
Association to fulfill another mission objective, bringing
our membership of Reverse Logistics professionals to
your back door.
“What is the change? Imagine professionals from
www.RLmagazine.com
www.RLmagazine.com
Supply Chain, Logistics, Material Handling, Software
and Systems Manufacturers, Warehousing, Consultants,
Systems Integrators, Third-Party Logistics Providers,
Publishers and then add one more ingredient, Reverse
Logistics,” says Laurent Noel Vice President of REED
Expositions.
“We felt consolidating the different events into one
major conference was the answer. What’s this mean
for RLA?” said Gailen Vick the Executive Director of
RLA, “We will be able to financially bring our venues
to every location, globally from Delhi to Sao Paulo and
Eastern Europe to France; yes 8 to 10 shows per year. I
will be able to do this because of the infrastructure that
REED has and the knowledge that we have on the topic
of Reverse Logistics”. Mr. Noel realized early on that in
order to do justice on the subject of Reverse Logistics
there had to be a group with the knowledge of reverse
logistics professionals around the globe. “That’s why
we have lined with RLA, they know who the Reverse
Logistics professionals are and they’ve been doing it for
over 12 years.”
Edition 65 •
Reverse Logistics Magazine
17
Reverse Logistics Association
Regional Chapter Committees
LOGÍSTICA REVERSA DE RESÍDUOS QUÍMICOS
PERIGOSOS EM HOSPITAIS DE SÃO PAULO1
by Orlando Cattini Junior, EAESP/FGV - Professor do Departamento de Administração da Produção e Operações
and Vital de Oliveira EAESP/FGV – Mestre em Administração de Empresas
Article in English on page 24
1. CARACTERIZANDO O PROBLEMA
A prestação serviços de assistência à saúde tem
crescido em volume de produção e principalmente na
complexidade e diversidade dos serviços oferecidos.
A área de assistência hospitalar se desenvolve em um
ambiente de constante pressão por evolução tecnológica
e exigência de qualidade, combinados à massificação
do atendimento e diversificação dos serviços oferecidos
- aumento das especialidades médicas, métodos
diagnósticos, procedimentos terapêuticos, etc. Além
dos desafios específicos dos empreendimentos na área
da saúde, dificuldades estruturais como a crescente
competitividade dos mercados e a conseqüente redução
das margens, afetam as empresas privadas, enquanto as
instituições públicas ou sem fins lucrativos enfrentam
a insuficiência das verbas corroídas pelo aumento dos
custos.
Neste artigo relatamos como alguns hospitais, na
cidade de São Paulo, têm lidado com os resíduos
químicos perigosos gerados nos processos diagnósticos,
terapêuticos ou de pesquisa. Nosso objetivo é discutir,
em que medida modelos e técnicas de gestão da cadeia de
suprimentos e, em especial, as noções de logística reversa,
têm sido percebidos e empregados como oportunidade de
melhoria no gerenciamento da disposição desses resíduos,
seja na redução de custos, no marketing ambiental ou no
atendimento às exigências legais. Mesmo reconhecendo
que o emprego da logística reversa na gestão de resíduos
é ainda hoje no Brasil uma prática pouco estruturada e
muitas vezes até informal, consideramos alguns estudos
que têm destacado as vantagens de uma abordagem
sistêmica, em que a geração dos resíduos, em qualquer
estágio da cadeia, é entendida como parte do processo de
produção.
Analisando os planos de gerenciamento de resíduos de
vinte hospitais de São Paulo, constatamos que apenas seis
demonstraram identificar corretamente os vários tipos
de resíduos químicos perigosos gerados. Ao contrário
do que geralmente ocorre com os RSS (Resíduos de
Serviços de Saúde) comuns ou infectantes, cada tipo de
resíduo químico se origina de um processo específico,
isso possibilita maior facilidade na identificação e
análise, em separado, de cada um desses processos,
considerando as condições típicas da cadeia de produtos
e serviços envolvida na sua geração dos resíduos, como
por exemplo: resíduos do setor de radiologia, da farmácia
ou do laboratório de análises clínicas. Nosso objetivo
nesse trabalho não foi aprofundar a análise de cada uma
Resumo de trabalho apresentado no VII ENCONTRO NACIONAL SOBRE GESTÃO EMPRESARIAL E MEIO AMBIENTE – ENGEMA - 10 a 12 de novembro 2003 – FEA/USP
1
REGIONAL CHAPTERS
AFRICA
Chairperson: Craig Plowden, Revlogs (Pty) Ltd
• Yann Conchaudron, IESEG school of management
APAC
Chairperson: Mohan Kumar D, Hewlett-Packard
Co-Chairperson: Haozhe Chen, East Carolina University
Coordinator: YE ZHAO, East Carolina University
• Haozhe Chen, East Carolina University
• Mohan Kumar D, Hewlett-Packard
• Sunnanda Panda, RevLog Resources
• Ian Rusher, Cisco
• Yogesh Sarin, Dell, Inc.
• Ye Zhao, East Carolina University
BRASIL
Chairperson: Felipe. Ortiz, Grupo Pão de Açúcar
Co-Chairperson: Orlando Cattini Junior, FGV
• Djalma Barbosa, Dell, Inc.
• Orlando Cattini Junior, FGV
• Paulo Gomes, Flextronics
• Luciana Lacerda, Hewlett-Packard
• Ricardo Magioni, Dell, Inc.
• Felipe Ortiz, Grupo Pão de Açúcar
• Paulo Sader, Microsoft
• Marcio Silva, Philips
EUROPE
Chairperson: Charlie O Shaughnessy, Intel
Co-Chairperson: Derek Scott, Canon
Coordinator: Denise Suyama, Reverse Logistics Association
• Yann Conchaudron, IESEG school of management
• Kelly Davies, Flextronics
• Dave Moloney, Google
• Marko Niinisto, Philips
• Charlie O Shaughnessy, Intel
• Ian Rusher, Cisco
• Derek Scott, Canon
• Bart Van Der Horst, OnProcess Technology
LATIN AMERICA
Chairperson: Guillermo Fernández deJáuregui, ONILOG
• Carlos Marino, Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola
NORTH AMERICA
• Paul Rupnow, Andlor Logistics Systems Inc
• Tony Sciarrotta, Reverse It Sales & Consulting
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Edition 65 •
Reverse Logistics Magazine
19
dessas cadeias especificamente, mas discutir aspectos
gerais da gestão dos designados genericamente como
resíduos de serviços de saúde ou RSS químicos com
ênfase nas perspectivas e condicionantes das aplicações
da gestão da cadeia de suprimentos e da logística reversa
como ferramentas que viabilizem soluções de redução
de custos e de impactos ambientais e, dessa maneira,
contribuam para tornar a produção e consumo mais
sustentáveis no setor hospitalar.
Dada a complexidade dos processos desenvolvidos na
assistência a saúde, uma grande diversidade de resíduos
são gerados em quantidades variáveis, conforme as
atividades realizadas no estabelecimento de origem.
Além disso, reflete-se na composição dos resíduos,
quali ou quantitativamente, o porte da unidade, as
tecnologias empregadas e os recursos disponíveis, dessa
forma, um mesmo produto ou serviço pode envolver
a geração de diferentes resíduos conforme o modo de
produção, a tecnologia e os materiais empregados, como
2. CLASSIFICAÇÃO E RISCOS DOS
por exemplo: se o processo é realizado manualmente
ou é automatizado, se utiliza material descartável ou
RESÍDUOS DE SERVIÇOS DE SAÚDE
A assistência hospitalar é uma atividade potencialmente reutilizável ou se a tecnologia empregada é mais antiga
poluidora sob vários aspectos. No entanto, os resíduos ou recente.
sólidos
gerados
nos
O
principal
critério
hospitais
e
outros
empregado
nas
estabelecimentos
classificações
similares,
têm-se
mencionadas é o tipo
destacado
enquanto
de risco que cada
preocupação
das
grupo
apresenta.
autoridades ambientais e
S
i
m
p
l
i
f
i
c
a
d
amente
sanitárias, motivando a
divisamos quatro grupos
edição de regulamentos
principais de RSS: Grupo
específicos como as
A (GA) – Infectantes;
Resoluções do Conselho
Grupo
B
(GB)
–
Nacional
do
Meio
Químicos;
Grupo
C
(GC)
Ambiente
(CONAMA
– Radioativos e Grupo D
Resoluções 05/1993 e
(GD) – Comuns. Os três
283/2001) e da Agência
primeiros são resíduos
Nacional de Vigilância
que exigem cuidados
Sanitária
(ANVISA
especiais
e
o
quarto
segue
recomendações
equivalentes
RDC 33/2003). Embora essas resoluções priorizassem
originalmente a regulamentação do manejo dos resíduos às aplicáveis aos resíduos domiciliares. De acordo
de natureza infectante, específicos dos serviços de com o enquadramento do resíduo num grupo de risco
saúde, o aprofundamento dos estudos para classificação serão definidas as medidas de segurança no seu manejo
dos RSS destacou a importância de um outro grupo de e as alternativas de tratamento e disposição final mais
RSS: os que apresentam riscos de natureza química. adequadas e legalmente aceitas.
Embora gerados em quantidade menor, os RSS químicos
apresentam, relativamente aos demais, maior potencial Os resíduos GB – Químicos são certamente os que
apresentam maior diversidade de riscos. Incluídos
de dano ao meio ambiente.
nesse grupo, podemos encontrar, entre outros, resíduos
Os resíduos sólidos gerados por serviços de saúde, tóxicos, resíduos inflamáveis, reativos ou explosivos e
assim como já vem ocorrendo com os resíduos de resíduos farmacêuticos. Os resíduos tóxicos têm grande
outras indústrias com necessidades específicas, foram potencial de contaminação ambiental, envolvendo
agrupados segundo uma regulamentação própria e prejuízos para a saúde humana e dos demais seres vivos.
denominados genericamente de Resíduos de Serviços Os inflamáveis, reativos ou explosivos, além dos riscos
de Saúde. Essa denominação é utilizada nas normas e ambientais, exigem maiores cuidados para prevenir
legislações mais recentes, em substituição ao antigo acidentes nas etapas de estocagem e transporte. Quanto
aos medicamentos vencidos, o principal risco é o de uso
termo “lixo hospitalar”.
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indevido, envolvendo adulteração e comercialização
ilegal, mas em certas situações, como no caso dos
quimioterápicos antineoplásicos, medicamentos podem
apresentar riscos de manuseio e de contaminação
ambiental.
3. O PAPEL DA LOGÍSTICA REVERSA
A logística reversa é, ainda hoje, considerada por
muitos apenas com um recurso para retorno de
mercadorias aos fabricantes, motivado por recalls ou por
defeitos cobertos por garantia. Uma outra modalidade
tradicional da logística reversa tem sido o retorno de
embalagens de transporte ou recipientes retornáveis,
quando seu emprego ainda se apresenta como uma
opção economicamente interessante. Nenhuma dessas
aplicações tradicionais, no entanto, se fundamenta
na busca da maior sustentabilidade dos processos de
produção ou consumo.
A Reverse Logistics Association (http://www.
reverselogisticstrends.com/), uma entidade sem fins
lucrativos que congrega profissionais e professores
da área, cuja mission is to educate and inform RL
professionals around the world, and all industries, about
the reverse logistics process define como logística
reversa all activity associated with a product/service
after the point of sale, the ultimate goal to optimize or
make more efficient aftermarket activity, thus saving
money and environmental resources.
Com base nesta visão, identificamos as seguintes
atividades como integrantes do escopo da logística
reversa:
1) processamento dos retornos de mercadorias
em razão de danos, sazonalidade, reestocagem,
salvamento, recall ou excesso de estoque;
2) reciclagem de materiais de embalagens e
contêineres usados;
3) recondicionamento,
remanufaturamento
e
renovação de produtos;
4) disposição de equipamentos obsoletos;
5) programas para produtos perigosos e
6) recuperação de ativos.
Na figura 1 observa-se a inter-relação das atividades e
processos de logística reversa com as demais integrantes
de toda a cadeia de suprimentos
4. ANÁLISE DA SITUAÇÃO
A falta de indicadores convenientes impede uma avaliação
mais precisa dos impactos ambientais dos diversos tipos
de RSS e também dificulta o desenvolvimento de estudos
Figura 1 – Representação esquemática da logística reversa e a cadeia de abastecimento.
www.RLmagazine.com
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21
sobre os problemas relacionados ao gerenciamento metades, foram escolhidos, aleatoriamente, em uma lista
desses resíduos nas diversas etapas como geração, de todos os hospitais da cidade, dois estabelecimentos
estocagem e transporte e destinação final.
de cada porte, ou seja, pequeno, médio e grande porte.
A definição de porte usou como base o número de leitos.
Entre abril de 1999 a novembro de 2001, a Secretaria do Um segundo grupo de oito hospitais foi convocado a
Meio Ambiente do Município de São Paulo desenvolveu apresentar o PGRSS devido a denúncias ou reclamações
um projeto piloto de implementação do PGRSS – Plano apresentadas pelo Departamento de Limpeza Urbana da
de Gerenciamento de Resíduos de Serviços de Saúde PMSP.
que envolveu cerca de 20 hospitais. Esse projeto se
apoiou nas diretrizes da Portaria SMA 102/99, criada Conforme podemos observar na Tabela 1, a amostra
especificamente para definir os critérios de elaboração analisada abrange 10,75% dos 186 hospitais em operação
dos PGRSS no âmbito daquela Secretaria.
na Cidade de São Paulo e cerca de 26,43% dos leitos
disponíveis.
Um primeiro grupo foi definido visando a obtenção de
uma amostra sobre as condições de geração de RSS nos Os nomes, a localização, assim como outras informações
hospitais da Cidade de São Paulo. Para composição que permitissem a identificação dos hospitais pesquisados
desse grupo, foram selecionados doze hospitais, sendo foram omitidas.
metade público e metade privado. Em cada uma dessas
Tabela 1: Participação da amostra no total de leitos e hospitais do Município de São Paulo
Critério
N. de Hospitais Públicos
N. de Hospitais Particulares
Total de Hospitais
Total de Leitos Públicos
Total de Leitos Particulares
Número Total de Leitos
Grupo
8
12
20
3,317
3,501
6,818
Município de SP *
37
149
186
9,124
16,673
25,797
Participação do Grupo no Município
21.62%
8.05%
10.75%
36.35%
21.00%
26.43%
Tabela 2: Composição do grupo comparada à rede Hospitalar no Município de São Paulo
Critério
N. de Hospitais Públicos
N. de Hospitais Particulares
Total de Hospitais
Total de Leitos Públicos
Total de Leitos Particulares
Número Total de Leitos
Composição do Grupo
8
40%
12
60%
20
100%
3,317
48.65%
3,501
51.35%
6,818
100%
Total Município de SP *
37
19.89%
149
80.11%
186
100.00%
9,124
35.37%
16,673
64.63%
25,797
100.00%
Tabela 3: Principais Grupos de RSS Químicos.
Classificação Simplificada Classificação da ANVISA
Descrição
Medicamentos
B1, B2 e B3
Medicamentos vencidos, parcialmente utilizados e
impróprios para consumo
Saneantes
B4
Saneantes, desinfetantes, esterilizantes químicos e
desinfestantes
Metais Pesados
B5 e B6
Chapas e fixadores de processos fotográficos e RX,
termômetros, lâmpadas fluorescentes e baterias
Reagentes
B7 e B8
Reagentes de laboratório, solventes, corantes,
ácidos, graxas e outros produtos químicos perigosos
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Table 4 : Classification of hospitals by level of Chemical RSS and comparing with the average
generation of the waste
Identification’s Level
Not informed
Partial
Detailed
Total of hospitals
Number of Units
5
25%
9
45%
6
30%
20
100%
Para facilitar a realização deste estudo, os RSS
Químicos foram divididos em apenas quatro subgrupos. A classificação simplificada adotada foi
desenvolvida a partir do Regulamento Técnico proposto
pela RDC 33/2003 da ANVISA (ANVISA, 2003) que
originalmente adota oito sub-grupos. Devemos levar
em consideração que a resolução da ANVISA ainda
não havia sido publicada na época em que os hospitais
avaliados elaboraram os PGRSS. A classificação que
utilizamos, e sua correspondência com a classificação
da ANVISA, são apresentadas na Tabela 3.
5. RESULTADOS
A Tabela 4 apresenta a distribuição das unidades
conforme o nível em que foram classificadas. Através
da coluna que apresenta a proporção média de resíduos
químicos no total de RSS gerados, podemos verificar
claramente que nas unidades onde a identificação
dos RSS do Grupo B foi considerada detalhada, a
participação média dos resíduos químicos no total foi
sensivelmente maior. Os resultados obtidos reforçam a
hipótese de que hospitais que não incluíram nos seus
PGRSS sistemas de identificação, tais como: inventários
de resíduos, identificação de processos geradores e
normas de procedimento, tendem a registrar menores
quantidades de resíduos químicos, ou mesmo nenhum
resíduo nessa categoria, embora realizem, em linhas
gerais, os mesmos processos que os demais. Sem a
devida identificação esses resíduos são classificados
como comuns ou infectantes e receberão destinação
incorreta, no sistema de limpeza urbana ou em aterros
clandestinos.
O desenvolvimento tecnológico na produção de bens e
serviços gerou um impasse que hoje se apresenta como
o desafio da sustentabilidade e da superação dos graves
problemas ambientais e sociais da atualidade. Um dos
aspectos mais graves dessa questão é o crescimento
dos níveis de contaminação ambiental por produtos
www.RLmagazine.com
Average of RSS / Total of RSS
0.00%
.40%
1.69%
.61%
químicos disseminados por quase todo o planeta e
que se evidencia na poluição das águas, do solo e do
ar pelo lançamento irregular de efluentes e emissões
ou disposição de resíduos tóxicos. Reverter a forte
tendência de agravamento dessa situação requer esforço
e mobilização tanto dos setores produtivos como dos
governos e da sociedade na articulação de soluções que
envolvem mudanças de comportamento, de valores e de
prioridades.
Os exemplos que discutimos sugerem deficiências do
gerenciamento de RSS nos hospitais analisados apesar
de muitas das questões emergentes referentes à gestão
de materiais e processos já estarem presentes, ainda
que em forma embrionária. Podemos destacar o início
de desenvolvimento de novos fluxos logísticos como a
logística reversa de produtos pós-consumo e as logísticas
de destinação e reciclagem de resíduos e as tentativas de
envolvimento de fornecedores e fabricantes na divisão
das responsabilidades e no desenvolvimento de soluções
conjuntas.
Por outro lado, fica claro que grande parte dessas
mudanças decorreram diretamente de pressões
econômicas e legais e ainda se limitam a atitudes reativas.
Mudanças em maior profundidade ainda dependem da
valorização dos aspectos ambientais e da disseminação
desses valores por toda a sociedade.
REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS:
•
ANVISA – AGÊNCIA NACIONAL DE VIGILÂNCIA SANITÁRIA.
Resolução da Diretoria Colegiada RDC 33 de 25/2/2003 –
Regulamento Técnico para Gerenciamento de Resíduos de Serviços
de Saúde. Brasília, 2003.
•
CONAMA – CONSELHO NACIONAL DE MEIO AMBIENTE –
MINISTÉRIO DO MEIO AMBIENTE. Resolução 05 de 5/8/1993.
Brasília, 1993.
•
CONAMA 2001 – CONSELHO NACIONAL DE MEIO AMBIENTE
– MINISTÉRIO DO MEIO AMBIENTE. Resolução 283/2001.
Brasília, 2001
Edition 65 •
Reverse Logistics Magazine
23
Article
REVERSE LOGISTICS OF DANGEROUS CHEMICAL
WASTE IN SÃO PAULO HOSPITAL’S
by Orlando Cattini Junior, EAESP/FGV - Professor at Production and Operation Management Department
and Vital de Oliveira Ribeiro Filho, EAESP/FGV – Masters in Management
Article in Portuguese on page 18
In this article we relate how some hospitals, in São Paulo city, handle the dangerous chemical waste generated
by their diagnostics process.
we consider that some studies have highlighted the
1. The Problem
The 3PSP services in Health is growing in advantages of a systemic approach, where the generation
production’s volume and mainly in its complexity of waste, in any part of the chain, is understood as part of
and diversity. The Hospital assistance develops in an the production process.
environment with many pressures about technical
Analyzing
the management waste plans of 20 hospitals
evolution and quality and diversity of the services
as well – increase of medical specialties, diagnostics in São Paulo, we notice that only six of them demonstrate
methods, procedures, etc. There are challenges in the the proper types of dangerous chemical waste generated
ventures in health area, difficulties with structure as the by them. On the contrary what happens with the usual
competitiveness of the markets and the reduction of the RSS (Waste of Health services), every type of chemical
profits that affects private hospitals, while the public waste has been originated from one specific process,
considering the chain of products and services involved
hospitals face problems with low money.
in its generation; as an example: waste of radiology
In this article we relate how some hospitals, in São Paulo sector, pharmacy or clinical analysis laboratory. Our
city, handle the dangerous chemical waste generated by goal in this article is not to deepen the analysis of each
their diagnostics process. Our goal is discuss in which one of these chains, but to discuss general aspects of the
models and management process of the supply chain management as health chemical waste, with emphasis in
and, in a special way, the Reverse Logistics. How they the perspective and conditioning of the supply chain and
are improving their process of waste management and reverse logistics as tools that make possible solutions
reduction of costs, as well as converting in environmental to reduce the costs and environmental impacts and
marketing and following legal requirements. Even contributes to make the production and consumption
recognizing that the use of Reverse Logistics in Brazil more sustainable in the hospital sector.
is one small practice structured and sometimes informal,
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The main criteria used in the classifications is the type
of risk that each group represents. There is (in a simple
way) 4 main groups of RSS(Health Services Waste):
2. Rating and Risks of Waste in Health Services
The Hospital Assistance is an active potential polluter in
many ways. However, the solid waste generated in the
hospitals and other similar establishments, have been
highlighted by environmental authorities, motivating
the creation of specifics regulations as resolutions
of (“National Council of Environment”) National
Sanitary Surveillance (RDC 33/2003). Although these
conclusions prioritizes the regulation of infectious waste,
specifically in health services, the deepen of studies to
classify RSS (Waste of health services) highlights the
importance of another group within it: the ones who
offer risks in chemical nature. Although generated in less
quantity, the RSS (Waste of health services) represents
more risks to the environment.
Group A (GA)
Infectious Waste
Group B(GB)
Chemical Waste
Group C(GC)
Radioactive
Group D(GD)
Common Waste
The first three are waste that requires specials care and
the 4th follows recommendations equivalent as waste
domiciles. According to the framing of the waste in
a risk group will be definied the security measures in
their handling and the alternatives treatments and final
disposal and legally accepted
The waste GB – Chemicals - are certainly that ones
that present more of a diversity of risks. Included in
this group are toxic waste, inflammable waste, reactive
or explosives and chemical waste. The toxic wastes
have a big potential of environmental contamination
involving loss for the human health and other animals.
The inflammable, reactive or explosives further the
environmental risks; they require more care to prevent
accidents in the stockpiling and transportation. As
medicines expire, the main risk is their inappropriate
use, involving illegal commercialization. In some cases
as chemotherapy can show, offers risks in their handling
and environmental contamination.
The solid waste generated by health services was
3. Rules of Reverse Logistics
grouped following their own regulation and they are
The Reverse Logistics is considered by many people
called RSS – Health Services Waste.
only one resource to return goods to the manufacturers
in recalls or because of warranty defects. Another mode
The quantity of waste is generated in variable quantities
of reverse logistics has been the return of the packages
because of the complexity of the developed process in
or recipients returns when reverse logistics offers an
the health area and as the activities made in the hospitals
economic option.
as well. Although, it reflects the composition of waste
None of these traditional enforcements search for better
in quality and quantity and it depends on the technology
sustainability in the production process or consumer
and resources available. In this way the same product
process.
or service can involve the generation of different kinds
of waste following the production way, the technology
The Reverse Logistics Association (http://www.rla.org/),
and material used on it as an example: if the process is
one association without profit funds that congregates
realized manually or automatically, it uses disposables
professionals and professors in the industry and has
or reusable or if the technology used is older or not.
26
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Read the Press
Guernsey
‘Needs’ Kerbside
Recycling
14 July 2014 – A member of the
Public Services Department, the
deputy also defended plans to
charge islanders more for recycling
and waste collections from 2016,
3 Things You Must Know About including charging for bags.
Implementing Change In Field Full Article
Service
14 July 2014 – When a field service British Tire Remanufacturing
organization is implementing any Firm Signs Deal For 2M Scrap
change to the way it works, whether Tires Annually
it is rolling out new technology or 14 July 2014 – A British tire
a new way of working, there are a remanufacturing and recycling firm
number of challenges which need to has announced a new deal that will
be addressed to reach a successful see two million scrap tires supplied
outcome. These include leadership to its facility annually from the
support, engaging the workforce United States.
and having the right strategies in Full Article
place.
Cirrus Aircraft Brings Parts
Full Article
Business In-House With Cirrus
Boeing
To
Continue Direct
Remanufacturing
Missile 30 May 2014 – Right now, General
Warhead Arming Devices
Motors is in a lot of trouble related
15 July 2014 – Warhead arming to the recall that it had to issue on
devices for air-launched cruise more than 2.6 million cars equipped
missiles will continue to be with a defective ignition switch. As a
remanufactured by Boeing under a result of the faulty ignition switches
U.S. Air Force contract.
in both personal and rental cars,
Full Article
GM has been linked to the deaths of
at least 13 people.
Recycling The Victims Of The Full Article
Emerald Ash Borer
14 July 2014 – Where most people HP Delivers Optimized Solutions
feel frustration, perhaps even For The Mobile Workplace
despair, at the idea of a fallen 14 July 2014 – HP today announced
diseased tree, Urban Tree Salvage the Mobilize Your Business Program,
sees opportunity.
developed in conjunction with
Full Article
Microsoft and Intel to help channel
partners capitalize on the growing
business mobility market.
Full Article
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How Superior Bulk Logistics
Saved Hundreds Of Thousands
On Warranty Costs
12 July 2014 – When Superior
Bulk Logistics implemented the
warranty management function of
its fleet maintenance software, it
was expecting to save $500,000 in
the first year. By May, it was already
more than halfway there.
Full Article
India’s Poor Risk Health To Mine
Electronic
11 July 2014 – With India’s steadily
growing economy and burgeoning
middle class, millions of people
there are now able to afford the latest
smartphones, laptops, and tablets.
There’s an environmental dark side
to this burgeoning consumer culture.
Technologymobile technology in
particularhas a fast-burn life cycle
that reduces powerful, must-have
devices to near-useless relics within
a few years. But because many old
electronics are rich in certain metals,
like copper and gold, they’re too
valuable to throw away, especially in
a society where the annual median
income is still only $1,500 (U.S.).
Full Article
Thompson Falls To Hold
Countywide E-Waste Pick Up
11 July 2014 – In an effort to keep
the community as green as possible,
Thompson Falls will be holding a
countywide used electronics pick
up.
Full Article
Edition 65 •
Reverse Logistics Magazine
27
the mission to educate and inform RL professionals
around the world, and all industries, about the reverse
logistics process, defines Reverse Logistics and all
activities associated with a product/service after the
point of sale, the ultimate goal to optimize or make more
efficient aftermarket activity, thus saving money and
environmental resources.
Based on this vision, we can identify the following
activities as part of Reverse Logistics scope:
1) Goods returns processing because of damages,
seasonality, recall and so on
2) Recycling of materials and packages
3) Repair and remanufacturing or product’s
renovation
4) Disposal of obsolete equipments
5) Dangerous or Hazardous products program
6) Recovery of assets
Figure 1, there is the relation of activities and processes
in Reverse Logistics:
4. Analysis of the situation
There are no indicators that have an evaluation of the
environmental impacts by the RSS and there are some
difficulties to development studies about the problems
generated by management the RSS (in its generation,
transportation and final disposal stages)
Between April of 1999 to November 2001 , the
Environmental Secretary of São Paulo City developed
one pilot project with the implementation of the PGRSS
(Plan of Waste Health Services Management) that
involves about 20 hospitals. This project was supported
by the law SMA 102/99, created specifically to define the
criteria of the PGRSS((Plan of Waste Health Services
Management).
The first group was defined by aiming the acquisition of
one example of generation conditions in RSS ((Waste
of health services) in hospitals in São Paulo City. For
the composition of these groups, 12 hospitals had been
selected (middle public and middle private). Each of
these were chosen at random, within a list of all the city
Figure 1
28
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RL certification
Tabela 1: Total sample of hospitals beds in São Paulo City
Criteria
Group
Number of Public Hospitals
8
Number of Private Hospitals
12
Total of Hospitals
20
Total of public hospital beds
3,317
Total of private hospital beds
3,501
Total number of hospital beds
6,818
SP city
37
149
186
9,124
16,673
25,797
Participation of the group in the city
21.62%
8.05%
10.75%
36.35%
21.00%
26.43%
Tabela 2: Group composition compared to Hospital total in São Paulo City
Criteria
Public Hospitals
Private Hospitals
Total of Hospitals
Total of public bed hospitals
Total of private bed hospitals
Total number of bed hospitals
Group composition
8
40%
12
60%
20
100%
3,317
48.65%
3,501
51.35%
6,818
100%
Total in SP city*
37
149
186
9,124
16,673
25,797
19.89%
80.11%
100.00%
35.37%
64.63%
100.00%
*Source: IBGE - Pesquisa de Assistência Médica Sanitária (AMS)
hospitals. Two of them in any size (small, medium and shows the hospital’s identification was omitted.
big ports) based on the number of beds.
To facilitate the reality of this study, the Chemical RSS
One second group of 8 hospitals were chosen to present was divided into four subgroups.
the PGRSS (Plan of Waste Health Services Management)
due to denounces or complaints shown by the Cleaner The simplified classifications adopted was developed
based on the Technical Regulation proposed by
Department of São Paulo’s municipality (PMSP).
RDC 33/2003 of Anvisa (Anvisa, 2003) that originally
Conforme podemos observar na Tabela 1, a amostra adopts 8 subgroups. We should consider that the Anvisa
analisada abrange 10,75% dos 186 hospitais em operação resolution was not publicized yet in the time that the
na Cidade de São Paulo e cerca de 26,43% dos leitos assessed made their PGRSS ((Plan of waste health
services management). The classification that we used
disponíveis.
are presented in the table 3 :
Table 1, the example analyzed covers 10.75% of 186
hospitals in São Paulo’s City and about 26.43% of the Results
disposable hospital beds.
Table 4 presents the distribution of the units as the level
that they were classified. By the column that presents the
The names, localization, and other information that average proportion of chemical waste in the total RSS
Table 3 : Main groups of Chemical RSSs
Simple Classification
Medications
Sanitation
Heavy Metals
Anvisa’s classification
B1, B2 e B3
B4
B5 e B6
Reactants
30
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B7 e B8
•
Edition 65
Description
Expired medicines
Sanitizes, disinfectants, chemical sterilization
X-Ray , thermometers, flourescent bulbs, and
batteries
Laboratory Reactants ,solvents, colors, acids, grease
and other chemical dangerous products
www.RLmagazine.com
Invest in your career and your future with a certification from
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you have a set of skills to build value in any organization.
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Reverse Logistics Professional (RLP)
If you are working in the reverse logistics field with three or more years of experience,
then you are ready to take the Reverse Logistics Association’s preparation course for
the Reverse Logistics Professional Certification Examination. The course is 8 hours of
training in the foundational principles of reverse logistics and the business practices
that lead to world-class performance. The course is highly interactive in an experientiallearning format that maximizes your training so that you can immediately apply what you
have learned on the job. After passing the examination, you will be qualified to put “RLP”
after your name distinguishing you are a highly-trained professional in reverse logistics.
Reverse Logistics Manager (RLM)
If you are a manager of reverse logistics processes with five or more years of experience,
then now is the time to take the next step in your career by taking the Reverse Logistics
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help a manager lead his or her staff you achieve the greatest potential value-recapture
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If you quality as a Reverse Logistics Manager and you have training experience, by taking
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Certification Examination, you can become qualified to train RLPs and RLMs. The course
is 24 hours long to strengthen your mastery of reverse logistics concepts and techniques
as well as give you the skills to effective teach them to others. As an RLT you will be a
registered education provider and you will be qualified to work collaboratively with RLA
to help organizations around the world to prepare their personnel to achieve high-level
performance in reverse logistics.
RL Certification program is organized by the
RL Certification Committee
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31
Table 4 : Classification of hospitals by level of Chemical RSS and comparing with the average
generation of the waste
Identification’s Level
Not informed
Partial
Detailed
Total of hospitals
Number of Units
5
25%
9
45%
6
30%
20
100%
Average of RSS / Total of RSS
0.00%
.40%
1.69%
.61%
generated, we can see that the units where the group
B was identified, the average involvement of chemical
waste was higher. The results strengthen the hypothesis
of the hospitals that have not included in their PGRSS
systems as identification, as : waste inventory, process
generator and procedures or rules tends to register
smaller quantities of chemical waste or even nothing in
this category (although they realize the same process as
the others). Without the identification this kind of waste
are classified as common waste or infectious and they
will receive the wrong destination in the cleaner urban
system or in not legal landfills.
and processes that already exists even in the embryonic
form. This is the beginning of the development of new
logistics flows – Reverse Logistics Chain and recycling
of the waste . Involving manufacturers and suppliers
with their responsibilities and solutions
The technological development in production of goods
or services generated one deadlock that today represents
a challenge for sustainability and to the overcoming of
serious environmental and social problems. One of the
more serious aspects of these questions is the growing
of environmental contamination levels by chemical
products widespread for all the planet mainly in the
water, soil and air by the releasing of effluents and
emissions or disposal of toxics waste. Reverse this strong
aggravation tendency requires effort of the mobilization
of the production sectors, governs the society to find
solutions that involves behavior, changing values and
priorities.
•
ANVISA – AGÊNCIA NACIONAL DE VIGILÂNCIA SANITÁRIA.
Resolução da Diretoria Colegiada RDC 33 de 25/2/2003 –
Regulamento Técnico para Gerenciamento de Resíduos de Serviços
de Saúde. Brasília, 2003.
•
CONAMA – CONSELHO NACIONAL DE MEIO AMBIENTE –
MINISTÉRIO DO MEIO AMBIENTE. Resolução 05 de 5/8/1993.
Brasília, 1993.
•
CONAMA 2001 – CONSELHO NACIONAL DE MEIO AMBIENTE
– MINISTÉRIO DO MEIO AMBIENTE. Resolução 283/2001.
Brasília, 2001.
RL Connect – We help YOU connect to . . .
· 3rd Party Service Providers
· Mergers & Acquisitions
· Internship Programs
· Industry Jobs
· Consultants
On the other hand, a clear part of this changing passed
directly because of economic or legal pressures and
are limited by reactive attitudes. It also still depends
on the increase in value of environmental aspects and
dissemination of these values to the all society.
· RL Forum
· Research
REFERENCES
Orlando Cattini Junior is Professor of Production and
Operation Management Department at Fundação Getúlio
Vargas. Vital de Oliviera Ribeiro Filho hold a Masters
in Management from Fundação Getúlio Vargas. Both of
them worked together in this study and in obtaining the
The examples that we discuss suggests deficiencies in
information given.
the management of RSS in the hospitals despite many
other questions referring to the management of materials
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to find a partner for Reverse Logistics save time, energy, and
money by using our proprietary process called RL Quote.
OEM’s, Retailers, and Brands post RFI’s anonymously
on the RLA website and 3PSPs respond. We help facilitate
the search, and you reap the benefits.
For more information: call +1.801.331.8949 ext. 5
email [email protected] or visit RLAconnect.com
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Article
Estratégias de Otimização de Inventário
Perguntas e respostas com Omur Bagci, diretor de serviços
globais de ReSolve, uma filial da Arrow Electronics
by Omur Bagci
mais comum armadilha que OEMs encaram diante a
gestão da reservas de serviço?
OB: Tradicionalmente, para evitar o enfrentamento de
falhas de inventãrio e clientes insatisfeitos, os fabricantes
de tecnologias normalmente se encontram errantes ao
lado da cautela por manter uma ampla quantitade de
inventãrio de reservas para serviços. Infelizmente, esta
estratégia muitas vezes deixa as empresas com um
inventãrio excessivo e necessário uma vez que o apoio de
garantia para uma determinada plataforma deixa de ser
exigida. A situação muitas vezes acaba com a necessidade
de liquidar inventãrios nao usados, em grande descontos
RLM: Omur, um número crescente de empresas parecem no mercado aberto. Este é um assunto arriscado por
estar empregando estratégias de relocaçao de bens. Por muitas razões, sendo a mais óbvia a liquidação de
que a gestao da cadeia de fornecimento é um problema excesso de inventãrio a descontos excessivos, causando
a empresa a assumer
para os fabricantes de
prejuízos desnecessários
tecnologia?
a linha de fundos
OB: O serviço da cadeia
enquanto o inventãrio
de
abastecimento
é
não foi necessário no
complexa e muitas vezes
primeiro lugar. ReSolve
confusas. Tipicamente,
recomenda a adotar um
um OEM não tem recursos
plano personalizado de
apropriados e necessários
metodologia de tendência
para
dinamizar
o
para tratar desta questão.
processo total. Empresas
RLM: Então o primeiro
visionárias
estão
passo é o planejamento
compreendendo o valor
de tendência. O que isso
que pode ser capturado por
implica, e como é que se
nova ou maior eficiência
relaciona reservas de
de ganhos adicionadas aos
serviço?
processos em vigor. Este
valor potencial resultará em maior níveis de satisfação
do cliente, oportunidades para evitar custos, e aumentar OB: Em vez de um sistema de planejamento tradicional
lucros . A ineficiencia da gestão reversa da cadeia de que toma longo-prazo de posições de inventãrio, o
abastecimento estão custando alguns fabricantes de planejamento de tendência é a prática que concentra em
tecnologias milhões de dólares a cada ano. A maioria operações que criem valor apenas para o consumidor
dos OEMs nao possuem banda larga para desenvolver final. É uma prática que se baseia no fluxo contínuo
e executar as melhores práticas para otimizar o processo de princípios e economias de escala. O objetivo deste
fluxo é garantir que as partes movidas através da cadeia
reverso da cadeia de abastecimento.
de abastecimento são movimentadas quando e onde são
RLM: Entendemos que a gestão de serviços de necessárias. O resultado é a simplificação do serviço da
inventãrio de reservas é uma constante luta. Qual é a cadeia de abastecimento e maior eficiencia na integração
34
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deliver it right to your email inbox
Article in English on page 38
Como líder de indústria da cadeia de abastecimento
inversa, Omur Bagci é um especialista em redução
dos riscos e ajuda os produtores e distribuidores
a maximizar recompensas dentro da cadeia de
abastecimento. Especificamente, ele tem décadas
de experiência na forma como as empresas podem
otimizar peças reservas de inventãrio para serviços
de estoque, produtos devolvidos ou sujeitos a reparações.
Nesta entrevista, Omur Bagci vai discutir como a gestão
os riscos de inventãrio e o uso de princípios podem
reduzir o risco de acúmulo de estoque e otimizar o
serviço de gestão de reservas .
News clippings
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Logistics. Four categories of news include: Read the Press, Money Talks,
Industry Events and Technology Spotlight. News covers all areas of RL
including Aftermarket Service, Warranty Management, Asset Disposition,
FieldService, Remarketing, Data Destruction, Regulatory Requirements
and e-Waste disposal, just to name a few.
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análise e testes para o processo de retorno para identificar
materiais e componentes que não sejam apenas NTF mas
que obedeçam rigorosas especificações do fabricante, os
materiais podem ser inteligentemente reintroduzido ao
serviço da cadeia de abastecimento e gerar importantes
economias de custos.
Parceiro para a cadeia reversa de abastecimento que
vai oferecer ao prestador de serviços uma verdadeira
estratégia, a metodologia e instrumentos para executar
tal programa. Isso permitirá que o prestador de serviços
se concentre nas suas áreas específicas de competência
própria. E um programa de estratégia de reatribuição de
bens irá abordar e ajudar a mitigar os riscos associados
com o carregamento excesso de inventãrio.
De modo geral, os principais benefícios realizados
são provenientes do dinheiro poupado na redução dos
níveis de inventãrio de reservas para serviço, enquanto
mantendo níveis de satisfação do cliente, e reduzindo
os custos de reciclagem e liberando rendas que já não é
necessária para obter novos componentes.
RLM: Agora, para estratégias mais específicas sobre
optimização de inventãrio. Quais são as ofertas de uma
do processo de optimização do inventãrio total da cadeia de abastecimento especialista?
empresa. Em reservas de serviço, a necessidade de OB: Inventãrio optimizado é a prática de tomar dados
cumprir de serviço, inventãrio e requesitos de compra chaves e analizá-los para garantir que a quantidade certa
de último-tempo tem inflado os níveis de inventãrios. de inventãrio esteja disponível nos seus devidos lugares
O planejamento de tendência pode reduzir a pressão de no momento certo. Isso depende da presença de um
carregar inventãrios excessivos e pode eliminar o risco sistema de planejamento de tendência eficiente. Medidas
de requisitos de compras de última hora.
é também um fator chave. Medidas frequentes permitem
Entre outras coisas, o planejamento de tendência pode
prover o ambiente de reservas de serviço com entregas
práticas a tempo, visão compenetrada do mercado e
técnicas inteligentes de obtenção de componente de
inventãrio.
que estes dados chaves sejam constantemente avaliados
e ajustados.
Otimizando inventários excedentes através de um
parceiro da cadeia de abastecimento para um programa
de reatribuição de bens, o peso da responsabilidade
RLM: Quais técnicas inteligentes de obtenção é do inventãrio é retirado das empresas de tecnologia
e transferidos para especialistas reverter a cadeia
recomendada para as reservas de serviço?
de abastecimento usando estratégias para gestão do
OB: A obtenção inteligente começa por analisar inventãrio.
canais alternativos na cadeia de suprimentos que são
muitas vezes negligenciadas. Por exemplo, a cadeia de RLM: Quais serviços específicos terão impacto no
abastecimento reversa vem recebendo com frequencia lucro final?
materiais plenamente funcionais de volta para suas OB: Penso que existem três estratégias de optimização
facilidades, produtos retornados por consumidores e que se destacam em particular por seu impacto sobre o
depósitos de serviços de retornos. A nossa experiência lucro final. Em primeiro lugar é identificação do produto
tem sido que um percentual significativo de tais materiais – classificação, testes e restauração. Em Segundo é a
ou componentes são encontrados na categoria “defeito reconciliação e reportagem, e por último é a satisfação
não encontrado” (NTF) e estão em boa condição de inversa.
trabalho. De forma a introduzir um rigoroso processo de
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RLM: Poderá nos dar um resume de cada um ?
soluções em reversa da Converge tem crescido em um
novo segmento focante estritamente em soluções de
logística reversa. Sobretudo, a ReSolver oferece gestão
de logística reversa para as empresas de todo o mundo
induzidas por tecnologia, oferencendo serviço para
poupar preocupações de inventãrio, gestão de produtos
devolvidos, e a inteligente redisposição de bens.
OB: Certamente. Identificação de produto contribui
para definir a qualidade e restrições dos produtos, que
informa as tarefas necessárias para maximizar o valor do
produto por meio de testes e renovação de certificados as
normas ODM ou OEM . Reconciliação e informação são
importantes porque dá aos especialistas a capacidade de
conciliar os produtos em qualquer fase do ciclo de vida, RLM: Muito obrigado pelo seu tempo!
graças a relatórios de tempo real. Por último, satisfação
inversa traz excessos de inventãrio ou retorno de clientes OB: O prazer é meu!
de volta a cadeia de abastecimento para reservas de
Como o líder da equipe de serviços
serviço.
globais da ReSolve, Omur Bagci
é responsável por assegurar a
Na realidade, empregando qualquer uma das estratégias
implementação, execução e a
mencionadas. A questão de excesso de inventário irá
expansão do serviços estratégicos
melhorar. Estas ofertas irão ajudar organizações a reduzir
ReSolve. Ele desenvolve soluções
a responsabilidade de inventãrio, maximizar os ganhos e
para reservas de serviço e a
reduzir custos operacionais- tudo enquanto mantendo a
gestão de produtos devolvidos
satisfação do cliente todos.
que reduzem a necessidade de
RLM: Omur, sabemos que o senhor tinha formalmente excesso de inventãrio e ajuda as empresas a recuperar
a Converge, a qual agora se tornou ReSolve. O que é o valor de produtos retornados. Omur previamente
desenvolveu soluções para o processo reverso da cadeia
ReSolve?
de abastecimento sob a Converge pelos últimos 12 anos
OB: Você está certo. Como uma filial de Arrow e trabalhou na Alliance Consulting Group. Omur possui
Electronics, o nome Converge ganhou um novo diploma em física e experiencia em física computacional.
significado. Arrow expandiu seus serviços da cadeia Omur previously developed reverse supply chain
de suprimentos para acompanhar o crescimento das solutions under Converge for the past 12 years and has
necessidades de seus clientes, que sob a marca Converge worked at Alliance Consulting Group. Omur holds a
terão acesso ao extenso componentes electronicos e degree in physics with a background in computational
serviços de distribuição que temos fornecido por mais physics.
de 30 anos. Com ReSolve, a antiga divisão para fornecer
Recycle a Phone, Adopt a tree.
In late 2007 NEWtrees was formed as a joint initiative by WWF
Indonesia, Nokia and Equinox Publishing. In that time Nokia has
sponsored the planting of more than 130,000 trees in Sebangau, Rinjani
and Chiliwung National Parks, Indonesia. Applying geo-tag technology
using HERE maps people monitor the trees growth in an innovative
way while helping re-forest these protected national parks.
If you are interested in helping out with this program and are
attending the RLA Conference & Expo in Singapore 2013
bring your old cell phone and donate to this wonderful cause.
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37
Article
Inventory Optimization Strategies
Q&A with Omur Bagci, Director Global Services at
ReSolve, a subsidiary of Arrow Electronics
12th Annual RLA Conference and Expo Las Vegas
World’s Premiere Reverse Logistics Event
February 2015
by Omur Bagci
Article in Portuguese on page 34
As a leader in the reverse supply chain industry,
Omur Bagci is an expert on risk mitigation and
helps manufacturers and retailers maximize reward
within the supply chain. Specifically, he has decades
of experience in how companies can optimize spare
parts inventory for service supply and for product
returns and repairs. In this interview, Omur Bagci
will discuss how inventory risk management and use
of lean principles can reduce the risk of overstock and
optimize service spares management.
OB: Traditionally, to avoid facing inventory shortfalls
and ultimately unhappy customers, technology
manufacturers usually find themselves erring on the side
of caution by keeping an ample amount of service spares
inventory on hand. Unfortunately, this strategy time and
time again leaves companies with excessive inventory
positions that are just not needed once warranty support
for a particular platform is no longer required. The
situation often ends with the need to liquidate unused
inventory at great discounts in the open market. This is a
risky proposition for many reasons, the obvious one being
RLM: Omur, an increasing number of companies that liquidation of excess inventory at steep discounts is
seem to be employing asset reallocation strategies. causing the company to incur unnecessary losses to its
Why is managing the supply chain such an issue for bottom line when the inventory was not needed in the first
technology manufacturers?
place. ReSolve recommends adopting a customized lean
planning methodology
OB: The service supply
to address this issue.
chain
is
complex
and often confusing.
RLM: So the first step
Typically, an OEM
is lean planning. What
does not have the
does this involve, and
proper,
dedicated
how does it relate to
resources needed to
service spares?
streamline the overall
process.
ForwardOB: Instead of a
looking
companies
traditional
planning
are realizing the value
system
that
takes
that can be captured
long-term
inventory
with new or increased
positions, lean planning
efficiencies added to
is the practice of focusing
processes currently in
on the operations that
place. This untapped
create value for the
value will result in
end consumer only. It
greater customer satisfaction levels, cost avoidance is a practice that is based on continuous flow principles
opportunities and increased revenues. The inefficiencies and economies of scale. The purpose of this flow is to
within the reverse supply chain alone are costing some ensure that parts moving through the supply chain are
technology manufacturers millions of dollars each year. shifting when and where they are needed. The result is
Most OEMs just don’t have the bandwidth to develop a streamlined service supply chain and more efficient
and execute best practices to optimize the reverse supply integration of the inventory optimization process within
chain.
the overall company. In service spares, the necessity to
meet service, inventory and last-time buy requirements
RLM: We understand that the management of service has inflated inventory levels. Lean planning can reduce
spares inventory is a constant struggle. What is the most the pressure to carry excess inventory and can eliminate
common pitfall OEMs face in managing service spares? the risk of last-time buy requirements.
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Hundreds of Reverse Logistics Professionals
will be Represented as Speakers, Sponsors,
Exhibitors, and Attendees
Make plans now to join us for the 12th Annual Reverse Logistics
Conference and Expo in February 2015 at the Rio Hotel and
Casino.
Monday offers pre-conference workshops with our RLA Charity
Golf Tournament. Tuesday adds more workshops along with
industry reports and then in the evening, our Awards Gala.
Wednesday opens with the keynote address followed by sessions
presented by Reverse Logistics professionals, leading academics,
and industry leaders.
The Expo where 3PSPs will showcase their RL services and solutions.
If you are a Reverse Logistics professional – don’t miss this event!
www.RLmagazine.com
Edition 65 •
Reverse Logistics Magazine
39
such a program. This will allow the service provider
to focus on its own particular areas of expertise. And
a strategic asset reallocation program will address and
help mitigate the risks associated with carrying excess
inventory.
Overall, the major benefits realized come from the
money saved by reducing service spares inventory levels
while maintaining customer satisfaction levels, reducing
recycling costs and freeing up revenue that is no longer
needed to procure new parts.
RLM: Now, on to more specific inventory optimization
strategies. What are the offerings of a supply chain
specialist?
OB: Optimized inventory is the practice of taking key
data points and analyzing them to ensure that just the
right amount of inventory is available in the right places
at the right time. It depends on the presence of an efficient
lean planning system. Measurement is also a key factor.
Frequent measurement allows for these data points to be
constantly evaluated and adjusted.
issue. These offerings will help organizations to reduce RLM: Thank you for your time!
inventory liability, maximize revenue and reduce
operational costs – all while maintaining customer OB: My Pleasure.
satisfaction.
As the leader of the ReSolve
global services team, Omur Bagci
RLM: Omur, we know you were formerly Converge,
is responsible for ensuring the
which has now become ReSolve. What is ReSolve?
implementation, execution and
expansion of ReSolve’s strategic
OB: You’re right. As a subsidiary of Arrow Electronics,
service offerings. He develops
the Converge name has taken on a new meaning. Arrow
customer solutions for service
has expanded its supply chain services to meet the
spares and product returns
growing needs of customers, and under the Converge
management that reduce the
brand will have access to the extensive electronic
components distribution services it has been providing for need for excess service inventory and help companies
over 30 years. With ReSolve, the former reverse supply recover value from their return products stream. Omur
solutions division of Converge has grown into a new previously developed reverse supply chain solutions
segment focusing strictly on reverse logistics solutions. under Converge for the past 12 years and has worked
Overall, ReSolve offers reverse logistics management at Alliance Consulting Group. Omur holds a degree in
for technology-driven companies around the world, physics with a background in computational physics.
providing worry-free service spares inventory, product
returns management, and the intelligent redeployment of
assets.
By optimizing excess inventory through a supply
chain partner’s asset reallocation program, the burden
of inventory liability is removed from technology
companies and transferred to reverse supply chain
Among other things, lean planning can provide the specialists that have strategies designed to address
service spares environment with just-in-time delivery inventory management.
practices, market insight and intelligent sourcing
RLM: What specific services will impact the bottom
techniques for component inventory.
line?
RLM: What intelligent sourcing techniques do you
OB: I think that there are three optimization strategies in
recommend for service spares?
particular that stand out for their impact on the bottom
OB: Intelligent sourcing begins by looking at alternative line. First is product identification – classification,
channels often overlooked in the supply chain. For testing and refurbishment. Second is reconciliation and
example, the reverse supply chain is often receiving reporting, and last is reverse fulfillment.
fully functional materials back into its facilities from
RLM: Can you give us a quick summary of each?
consumer product returns and service depot returns.
Our experience has been that a significant percentage OB: Sure. Product identification helps to define the
of these materials or components within what is known product’s quality and restrictions, which informs the
as “no trouble found” (NTF) are in good working tasks necessary to maximize a product’s value by
condition. By introducing a rigorous testing and testing and recertifying it to ODM or OEM standards.
screening process into the returns process to identify Reconciliation and reporting is important because it
materials and components that not only are NTF but gives specialists the ability to reconcile products at any
meet strict manufacturer specifications, the materials stage in the life cycle, thanks to real-time reports. And
can be intelligently reintroduced back into the service finally, reverse fulfillment brings the excess inventory or
supply chain, providing significant cost savings.
customer returns back into the supply chain for service
spares.
To accomplish this, I recommend employing a reverse
supply chain partner that will offer the service provider In reality, employing any of the strategies I’ve mentioned
a proper strategy, methodology and tools to implement earlier will improve a company’s excess inventory
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Article
Logistica Reversa - Grupo Pao de Acucar
by Felipe Ortiz, Coordenador em Logística Reversa, Grupo Pao de Acucar
Article in English on page 44
embalagem (mas boas para consumo), totalizando mais
de 208 toneladas de produtos doados em 2012.
Estas doações são feitas para instituições da comunidade
ao redor da central de distribuição
Além disso, mais de 45 toneladas de produtos/
embalagens com defeito e que não podem ser doadas
(como álcool, por exemplo) são leiloadas num processo
No ultimo ano, nós destinamos adequadamente legalizado com um parceiro da companhia. Com este
mais de 550 toneladas de todo tipo de resíduo processo, o Grupo Pão de Açúcar consegue :
. Estes foram destinados para incineração ,
reprocessamento ou reciclagem. Desta forma, o Grupo a) Evitar impactos ambientais na disposição correta
destes itens
Pão de Açúcar mostra sua preocupação em gerenciar
tudo o que passa pela sua cadeia (desde os fornecedores b) Evitar custos de descaracterização e destinação final
até a destinação correta dos resíduos), prevenindo que c) Gerenciar renda e adicionar valor para a Logística
Reversa.
produtos sejam enviados de forma inapropriada para
aterros, lixões, etc, que causaria um impacto ambiental
- “Nós conseguimos 52% de redução no nosso inventário
irreparável.
de produtos não inapropriados em São Paulo- o que
Cada central de distribuição, faz doações de gerou mais de $ 2.5 milhões em 2012)
aproximadamente 300 ítens com pequenos defeitos na
A Logística Reversa do Grupo Pão de Açúcar,
pensa cada vez mais na disposição final apropriada
de seus produtos e resíduos de forma que estejamos
preparados à todas as obrigações da PNRS (
Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos) e também
para adicionarmos valor à nossa cadeia reversa.
Felipe também salienta que , apesar de obter resultados
bons, trocas estão sendo feitas e a compania vai focar
e intensificar seu trabalho em 2013 - “Nós já temos
projetos em ação para termos o sucesso que temos em
São Paulo em outras regiões” , ele disse.
O Coordenador do grupo, Felipe Ortiz informa que a
efetividade destas ações devem ser evidenciadas quando
se olha para o estoque de produtos que não podem ser
vendidos.
5 anos de sua carreira são dedicados
à Logística Revesa. Ele é responsável
pela Logística Reversa do Grupo
Pão de Açúcar no tratamento de
itens de mercado e merceraria e
também no gerenciamento logístico
de equipamentos da cadeia logística /
logística reversa.
Felipe Ortiz é formado
em
Logística
de
Armazenagem
e
Distribuição e possui
MBA em Gerenciamento
de Negócios . Ele tem
7 anos de experiência
no varejo e supply
chain, passando pelas
áreas de Administração
Logística e Transportes.
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Article
Reverse Logistics - Grupo Pao de Acucar
by Felipe Ortiz, Coordenador em Logística Reversa, Grupo Pao de Acucar
RL Solutions –
We help connect YOU to solutions for. . .
Article in Portuguese on page 42
The Reverse Logistics Group Grupo Pao de
Acucar is consolidating more and more regarding
the proper disposal of products and wastes in order
to prepare themselves to meet all obligations under
PNRS (National Policy on Solid Waste) and add
more value to reverse chain.
Some figures of 2012, related toactions performed
only for grocery items (underexplored therefore
the focus of the market has been the electronics)
and exclusively in the state of São Paulo, show a bit of
this movement that, according to the company, tends to
intensified more and more.
Only the central distribution of the category in question,
made donations of approximately 300 items with small
In the latter year were adequately designed more than faults packaging (but fit for consumption), totaling
550 tons of this type of product / residue - that were more than 208 tons of donated products in 2012.
destined for incineration or co-processing.
These donations are made to institutions that are in the
community around the distribution.
Thus, Grupo Pao de Acucar shows the concern in managing the fate of everything that passes through
In addition, more than 45 tonnes of packaging products
the chain, preventing products from being sent with faults, but that can not be donated (like alcohol,
inappropriately to dumps, landfills, etc.., And causing
for example) were auctioned through a formal process
environmental impacts that may be irreparable.
with a partner company. With this process, Grupo Pao
de Acucar managed:
· 3PSP Services
· Consultants
· Facilities with
RL Infrastructure
· Research
· Mergers & Acquisitions
· Internship Programs
· Industry Jobs
We know that many Manufacturers, Retailers
& 3PSPs spend a lot of time, energy, and money
trying to find the right solutions.
So we offer ways to expedite your solutions
search at NO COST to you, while you remain
anonymous.
RL Solutions – It’s Confidential and FREE.
For more information visit RL Solutions at
www.RLA.org
RL Solutions
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45
reached more than $ 2.5 million
in 2012).
Felipe also highlights that
despite the already impressive
results, shares are being
matured and the company has
focused on intensifying the
work still in 2013 - “We already
have projects underway to
roll-out the processes that we
have succeeded in SP for other
regional, “he said.
a) avoid environmental impacts to the disposal of these
items,
b) avoid the costs mischaracterization / destination
c) generate revenue and add value to the reverse
process.
Reverse Logistics Coordinator of the group, Felipe Ortiz
said that the effectiveness of these actions
as may be evidenced when looking at the stock of
unserviceable products (not fit for sale) Company
- “We have achieved a 52% reduction of our product
inventory unserviceable for this category in SP - which
What is the Reverse Logistics Association?
Felipe
Ortiz
graduated
in
Business
Logistics
Warehousing and Distribution and
graduate with MBA - Executive
Business Management at National
Graduate Institute. He has seven years
experience in retail / supply chain,
passing through Transportation and
Logistics Adm., and five-year career
dedicated to the Reverse Logistics. He is responsible
for reverse logistics at Grupo Pao de Acucar, involving
the treatment of grocery items and general merchandise,
as well as the management of logistical equipment
throughout the chain.
u
To view this video without iTunes:
Industry Events
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ImqPO4r5XF4
RLA Conference & Expo: São Paulo 2014
September 16-18, 2014
Reverse Logistics Workshops: 2015 International CES
January 8, 2015
RLA Conference & Expo: Mumbai 2014
December 10-12, 2014
RLA Conference & Expo: Las Vegas 2015
February 2-5, 2015
2015 International CES
January 6-9, 2015
Europe - Amsterdam
June 14-16, 2015
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At this year’s RLA Conference & Expo in Las Vegas you may have noticed a
television crew roaming around. The crew was there to capture response to the
conference and make a video that displayed the essence of the Reverse Logistics
Association. They were also filming segments for a new video series in RL Digital
magazine called RLA Rewound. As you view it, you may see some familiar faces. A
big thank you to everyone who took time out from their busy conference schedule
to stop and talk with our reporter. We hope you will share the video with friends
and colleagues as you introduce them to the association and explain what we do
and how we can support them. Stay tuned, because we may be talking to you for
the next series of videos for RLA Rewound.
www.RLA.org
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• www.RLAshows.org • www.RLmagazine.com
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Article
Reverse Logistics in E-Commerce: A Framework to
Set up A Program for your Online Store, Part 2 of 2
by Adam Robinson of Cerasis
This article concludes the two part series on setting
up an e-commerce reverse logistics framework
strategy so that when, as a manufacturer or
distributor, you are going about perfecting or just
setting up your products to sell directly to the end
customer via an e-commerce channel through your
website’s shopping cart, you are prepared for the
inevitability of returns. In e-commerce, setting
up and planning
on reverse logistics
in
e-commerce
is
undoubtedly
a
requirement. You could
either go about fine
tuning and perfecting
your
e-commerce
logistics yourself, but it
is highly recommended
to seek out experts
who have experience
in not only effective
logistics technology with
e-commerce offerings
for your freight and
logistics, but also years
of experience in setting up logistics management,
including reverse logistics.
This is where many who are now shipping products
used to the traditional flow of logistics vs. the reverse
logistics in e-commerce that occurs with introducing an
online shopping experience for customers, drop the ball.
Often, once a freight shipper starts doing e-commerce
logistics, they have a need to consider reverse logistics
for the first time. By incorporating new strategies to
optimize this process, shippers can increase customer
retention and add new
revenue streams to the
direct business beyond
the traditional brick and
mortar channel.
Here are some key
metrics to support the
reverse logistics in
e-commerce
business
case:
•
85% of customers
say they will stop buying
from a business if the
returns process is a hassle
(Harris Interactive)
•
95% of customers
say that they will likely shop with a catalog or
business again if the online returns process is
convenient (Harris Interactive)
Reverse Logistics in E-Commerce is No
• 40% of shoppers don’t buy online due to returns
Longer a HOPE to have but a NEED to Have
difficulty (Jupiter Research)
It’s no secret that a positive experience delivered to • Customers who have their complaint resolved
a customer determines whether that customer will
quickly have a re-purchase intention rate of 82%
come back. This is true in pretty much any industry,
(McKinsey)
but especially true in manufacturing and distribution
where collaborative relationships between suppliers
The Conclusion of the Framework to Set up
and customers in a B2B setting are vital for long term
Reverse Logistics in E-Commerce Strategy
success.
Reverse logistics in e-commerce are an inevitable fact of
Shippers who have set up online shopping carts must online retail. As the depth of online product categories
enhance the user experience prior to pressing the “buy” became apparent in the last three years, the importance
button but also focus on the post-purchase site experience of setting up a reverse logistics process as part of your
to keep customer retention metrics at satisfactory levels. e-commerce logistics strategy increases as well. Provide
a bad returns experience and you undoubtedly reduce
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the chance of a customer coming back for a repeat 1. The assembly line processing breaks down, since
purchase. Let’s continue the rest of the various elements
valuable time is wasted trying to special handle one
item, which slows down processing for the entire
you must explore when setting up the reverse logistics
team and often leads to a backlog
part of your e-commerce strategy. Yesterday we spoke
2. Items that need to be specially handled get set aside
about returns policy and preparation.
and delayed even further
Receiving
3. Customers will call for status updates. This creates
Processing returned packages is a very challenging task.
more problems since someone must spend valuable
The key purpose for a detailed receiving process is to issue
time handling the trace requests to track down the
credits or permit product exchange. The key challenge
goods and issue the credit.
is proper identification to ensure proper matching to the
original order. Since customers are managing their own Poor processes lead to backlogs and a stressful working
returns, there is considerable variation in the labeling environment for your Receiving team. Good processes
and contents.
lead to fast turnaround times, fast credits and happy
customers.
Your receiving team needs to inspect and validate:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Who has returned the freight?
What goods have been received?
The condition of the freight
Does the freight match the original purchase?
Issue Credit or Ship an Exchange Item
Once the freight has been received and validated by the
receiving team, a credit can be issued or an exchange
can be shipped.
Issuing credits can be very costly to your company if
not performed well. Care must be taken to ensure your
receiving team is properly matching the original items
purchased, with the actual items returned. Since many
shippers who have employed e-Commerce strategies
have big gaps in their receiving processes, items often
The impact of good Return instructions is clearly go missing. As a result, the customer service people at
noticeable at this stage in the reverse logistics in are often instructed to issue un-validated credits upon
e-commerce process. But despite the best efforts of customer request because they have no way of verifying
your company, many customers will not follow the if the customer really did return their freight.
instructions, resulting in difficulties in identification and Good receiving and credit processes can significantly
matching to issue a prompt credit. This of course leads reduce the workload for your customer service personnel
to unhappy customers (even though it was caused by who handle the status update calls and emails from
their inability to follow simple directions).
customers looking for their credits.
Receiving is a labor intensive process. Many companies
set up an “assembly line” for their team to quickly and
efficiently process these inbound items. Considerable
skills and training are often required in the areas of
product identification and product handling rules.
Your return processes need to accommodate all possible
exceptions quickly and effectively. The Receiving
process of reverse logistics in e-commerce is full of
exceptions and returned items that do not fit the standard
rule set. If these exceptions are not handled quickly and
effectively your receiving team has three problems:
Inspection and Sorting for Reverse Logistics
in E-Commerce
The main purpose of inspection and sorting is to stream
the returned items to the path of highest selling price
or recovery value. This process is often combined or is
attached to the receiving process since it is a logical next
step while the inbound goods are being handled.
At this stage, the customer goods have been received
and their credits have been processed and satisfied. Now
it is time to satisfy your corporate needs. This is best
done by recovering the highest value possible from the
returned goods.
www.RLmagazine.com
Edition 65 •
Reverse Logistics Magazine
49
vendor where they were purchased for credit or
exchange
• Disposition – items that have value, but will not be
re-sold at the e-Commerce site
• Scrap – damaged or obsolete goods
Asset Recovery
Even though the customer did not want keep the goods,
these returned items need to be viewed as “assets”. An
asset has value and can be sold. The challenge is to find
or recover the highest value for each item.
In order to recover the highest value, these returned
“assets” are often handled as follows:
Training and product knowledge are often important for
the inspection and sorting process. It is a labor intensive
process. The better your team understands the products,
the faster they can make decisions on how to process the
products and the greater the likelihood of them capturing
a higher recovery for that item.
Processing the returned items is often set up in an
assembly line format to enable easy separation of the
product as it flows to the next stage. Processing is
very dependent on the type of products being handled.
Depending on the volumes you need to handle, several
stages may be required to streamline the processing. Often
similar products or items requiring similar processing
are physically streamed and consolidated until there is
enough volume to move it to the next stage (i.e. when a
pallet is full). Sometimes tests or test equipment is used
to determine how to stream an item.
• Restock – little loss of value if processed quickly
and the product is still current
• Repackaging for sale – open box goods in “as new”
condition can often be sold in a “clearance” area of
your e-Commerce site or moved to a local “bricks
and mortar” branch. These “B” goods are often sold
for slightly less than retail, but often higher than
original cost. This is often the best channel for these
goods since handling is minimized, and turnaround
time is quicker.
• Return to Vendor – defective goods, warranty issues
or vendor agreements often allow for return of
goods. This channel often means you will recover
full cost of the items, but the cost of handling must
be considered. For instance if the goods are not
defective, it may be more prudent to sell the goods
for cost plus a margin on your site.
• Disposition – Freight that you do not wish to resell
on your site, often still hold considerable value. A
number of great disposition sources and services now
exist for just about any products in any condition.
• Scrap – almost nothing is scrap anymore. If you have
a lot of it, someone is usually willing to buy it from
you.
Each returned item if often given a unique identification
tag for tracing and gather statistics on processing and
disposition.
Careful attention to rapidly processing, sorting and resale
of your returned “assets” is one of the best opportunities
Products can be streamed according to their final
for profit in your reverse logistics in e-commerce
destination, such as:
operations.
• Restock – unopened boxes can go straight back to
Outsourcing your Reverse Logistics and
new inventory
• Repackaging for sale – open box goods in “as new” E-Commerce Logistics
condition that can be resold on the e-Commerce site Many shippers do not view the handling and processing
• Return to Vendor – to be returned to the original of reverse logistics in e-commerce or reverse logistics
50
Reverse Logistics Magazine
•
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in general, as a core competency. A number of
companies have outsourced partners in one or more of
the key Reverse Logistics areas such as transportation
management, returned goods processing, e-commerce
logistics technology, and services such as freight claims,
accounting, and carrier relations.
It is highly likely that your company has significant
challenges in this area. Do not be afraid, you are not
alone. (They do not even teach courses on Reverse
Logistics in school yet). This is a “New Frontier” and
should be viewed as an excellent opportunity to improve
your corporate profitability.
It is important to understand the processes you need
before you outsource, so you can define what needs to
be done, how it needs to be done and how to measure
success so you are able to effectively choose which
partner can best fit your needs. Use our handy 3PL
checklist to understand your needs as a shipper.
Adam Robinson oversees the overall
marketing strategy for Cerasis including
website development, social media and
content marketing, trade show marketing,
email campaigns, and webinar marketing.
Mr. Robinson works with the business
development department to create
messaging that attracts the right decision makers,
gaining inbound leads and increasing brand awareness
all while shortening sales cycles, the time it takes to gain
sales appointments and set proper sales and execution
expectations.
“Returning” to Profitability
Reverse Logistics in e-commerce is a newly emerging
area that is just starting to get the attention of senior
management and shipper executives who are looking at
or have already implemented an e-commerce channel.
PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE
Supply Chain
AfterMarket Supply Chain
FORWARD LOGISTICS
New Product
Development
• Design
Development
• Technology
Roadmaps
• ASIC
Development
• Mechanical
Design
• PCB Layout
• Prototyping
• New Product
Introduction
Material
Management
• Vendor
Relations
• Planning
• Procurement
• Inventory
Planning
• Component
Fabrication
www.RLmagazine.com
REVERSE LOGISTICS
E
N
Manufacturing & D
AfterMarket Customer Service
Distribution
U
S
E • Customer Service (helpdesk)
• PCB Assembly
R
• Depot Repair/ReMan
• Box Assembly
• • Service Logistics (Field Service)
• Volume
• Transportation/Warehousing
R
Manufacturing
E
• Spare Parts Management
• Integration
T
• RMA Management
• Configuration
A
• Replacement Management
I
• Final Testing
•
Refurbishment
L
• Distribution to
E • Screening/Count Auditing
Customer
R • End-of-life Manufacturing
S • Remanufacturing
• Customer
• • Fulfillment Services
• Fulfilment
R • IT Process Management
Transportation
E • Recycling
S
E • Scrap/Waste Management
L • Gray/B Channel Management
L • Warranty Management
E • Asset Management
R • Sustainability
Edition
S 65 • Reverse Logistics Magazine 51
• Environmental Resources
Article
8 Questions You Should Ask About Support before
Buying Field Service Management Software
by Leah Merrill
2. Are there any extra charges for the support?
Oftentimes certain types of support are free and included
in the package that you purchase, but sometimes you
have to pay extra for the support. Find out what is free
and what you have to pay extra for, otherwise you could
get hit with big support costs. This is why you need to
make sure you know exactly what you’ll be getting.
7. What kind of support is available online?
3. Is live support an option?
Having your software provider come onsite for live
assistance and training can bring you huge benefits, like
more personalized assistance, clearer explanations, and
a more hands-on approach. If this is important to you,
make sure you find out if this is possible for the software
vendor that you choose.
If you are a field service business, you know how
crucial good customer service is to your company. You
expect good customer support in the same way that your
customers expect good service from you. When you’re
looking for a field service management software system,
the vendor that you choose should be the same—they
should be able to deliver high levels of support, because
that’s what you need to run an effective business.
come onsite to help you out if need be. Often software
companies will travel for onsite training, but they may
charge extra for the travel costs—this means that the
closer your vendor is, the cheaper the overall cost will
be.
6. How long does it take on average to
respond to issues?
But is it even possible to determine whether or not the
software company can provide the type of customer
support that you need if you haven’t purchased the
system yet? As you’re narrowing down the list of
potential software vendors, here are some must-ask
questions to find out if their customer support will live 4. What are the operating hours?
For your business, it’s crucial you receive immediate
up to your expectations:
assistance whenever there’s a problem, so it might not
1. What type of support do you get when you work if you go with a system that only has support
between certain hours. Identify how strong your need
purchase the software (phone, email, etc.)?
Lots of solutions offer all different types of support: is for 24 hour support, and then do your research to find
phone, email, online training, onsite training, online out if the systems you’re looking at can meet that need.
Reverse Logistics Magazine
•
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www.RLmagazine.com
8. Is a designated support representative
assigned to each customer?
Find out if you will have one point of contact for
customer support who will manage your account and
help you with all of your issues, or if you just submit a
support ticket and it is taken care of by any person on
their support team. Often it is preferable to have the
same person managing your account, as they will be
familiar with your past issues and questions and have
knowledge of your support history, which translates into
more efficient service.
If you have an urgent time sensitive issue, you need to
know that the support team is on it and there is a quick
turnaround. Do some research and ask the vendor how
long it takes them to resolve problems. If their average
turnaround time is too long, you might want to look at a
Know of any more questions to ask vendors about
different solution.
support? Add them in the comments below!
Leah Merrill is a Software Analyst
for Capterra, where she specializes
in helping field service professionals
find field service management
software. When she’s not helping
businesses find the right software
on the Capterra Field Service
Management Blog, you’ll find her
reading, writing, and spending time with her family and
friends. Follow Capterra for field service management
news on Twitter @CapterraFSM.
chat, and customer support forums. Some solutions
5. Where is the support team located?
offer all of these; some only offer a few, so make sure
See if the system you choose has a support team that is
you know what type of support is available to you.
close by, as having a support team that is close to you
means they are in the same time zone, and that they can
52
Sometimes you just need to look something up quickly
and do a bit of research without having to contact a
customer support representative. Many vendors have
FAQ pages, customer forums, and help desk chat options
where customers can post issues, feedback, and answers
to questions.
www.RLmagazine.com
Edition 65 •
Reverse Logistics Magazine
53
RLA Membership
Network with the
World of Reverse Logistics
With an RLA Membership You Can:
• Learn Best Practices – Download Conference
Presentations
• Make Valuable Connections
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To Learn how to obtain these plus additional benefits
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visit
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feature Article
RLa Webinars are hosted and run by each industry committee.
Returning Thoughts
How to do a Quick Review of your
Reverse Logistics Software Systems
by Paul Rupnow
Are your Reverse Logistics Software systems meeting
the needs of your company and your customers? Here
is a quick review list of some key questions that can
help you understand if your systems are helping you
capture some of the key opportunities provided by “Best
Practice” Reverse Logistics software systems. This
quick review will help you establish some of your key
needs and help you understand: a.) What you need to
help you process and manage your returns and b.) The
ability of your current systems to help you meet your
goals and take advantage of your Reverse Logistics
improvement opportunities.
Logistics systems. Many of the key opportunities in
Reverse Logistics revolve around:
Webinars are FREE and available to
anyone who registers for the event.
These Webinars are held monthly for
each Industry Committee.
They are
20-30 minute presentations given by a
professional in that Industry, and then
the opportunity is opened up to webinar
attendees to ask Questions and share
information relevant to the given topic.
COMMITTEE
Dr. John Ryan
Ryan Systems
Returns After Christmas: Challenges and Issues
Derek Palmer
Transform
2. Recapture Value: For each item I receive back into
my facility, am I converting it to the highest possible
value on final disposition? Am I getting my items
returned and processed quickly so I can resell them
for their highest value? Am I capturing all the credits
possible when I can return goods to my vendors?
LIFE SCIENCES
Life Sciences Reverse Logistics Best Practices
Gailen Vick
RLA
New Consumer Rights Directive and its impact on
Reverse Logistics
Christophe
Jeloschek
Kennedy Van der
Laan
Better, Faster Returns Processing & Data
Collection Part 2
Roger Levi
Intel
Bhavani Prakash
Eco Walk the Talk
EUROPE
SOFTWARE SOLUTIONS
APAC
Impactos da LRS (Lei de Resíduos Sólidos) Nos
Processos Operacionais
Orlando Cattini
Junior
FGV
WIRELESS
TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Rechargeable Battery Handling and
Transportation: What Wireless Companies Need
to Know
Angelika Kluna
CLi360, Inc.
What is the state of reverse logistics in Africa?
Craig Plowden
Revlogs (Pty) Ltd
Tom Burnam
Western Digital
Tony Sciarrotta
Reverse It Sales &
Consulting
CONSUMER PRODUCTS
www.RLmagazine.com
Major Trends in Sustainability and What They
Mean
BRASIL
DATA STORAGE
Edition 65
Developing Standards for Food Safety and
Quality during Transportation Processes
RETAILERS
AFRICA
•
COMPANY
STANDARDS
3. Valid and Entitled: Are all the items I am processing
It is helpful to first establish “what are my goals” or to
entitled to a warranty or credit? Are all warranties
list “where do I feel the opportunities are to generate
valid? Am I ensuring all credits are valid and
income, reduce costs and free up capital/cash or provided
matched to receipts?
better customer service” within your existing Reverse
Reverse Logistics Magazine
CHAIRMPERSON
1. Customer Service: Can I service my customers faster?
Do my customers have full visibility of their return
process?
Reverse Logistics Goals and Opportunities
56
TOPIC
www.RLmagazine.com
Secondary Market for Drives
Finance is from Mars and Reverse Logistics is
from Venus “How we can talk to each other”
Edition 65 •
Reverse Logistics Magazine
57
4. Reduce Inventory: Can I minimize inventory levels
of: 1. Items I am waiting to receive, 2. Items I have
received (Work in Process) 3. Items I have finished
processing (Finished Goods), 4. Replacement Stock,
5. Repair Parts Inventory. Can I speed my Inventory
Turn time? Can I avoid purchase of new goods for
replacement units or parts?
Can your business team setup, manage and monitor you with the tools you need to manage your Returns?
complex workflows specific to each item or family of Are they adequate?
goods you need to handle?
Can your system alert you
of issues? Can you set up
your own alerts?
Do you have real time visibility of each item as it is
processed through all stages of your system (including
the time it is processed at partner sites)?
Do you have the ability to bind together all the data from
your partners in real time?
Do your customers have real time visibility of their
returns? Can you make delivery time promises? Do
you have the visibility and capability to resolve issues
immediately?
5. Reduce Processing Costs: Are there opportunities
to reduce my processing costs? Am I ensuring that
by reducing my processing costs, I am not reducing
my ability to achieve higher recapture or full vendor
credits?
Do you have detailed and reliable data collection at time
of receiving?
Can you setup special data capture, processes and
workflows for each item you receive? Does your system
provide you with the opportunity to create optimal
6. Plan: Before an item arrives at your facility, do you workflow to collect data, reduce labor, determine
know exactly what plan you have to process that unit disposition, speed conversion and recapture the highest
to achieve and recover the highest value, regardless value for each item you receive?
of what condition it is in when it arrives?
Is it quick and easy to train your users and partners?
7. Visibility: Can you see exactly the state, status and
plan of any given unit in your Reverse Logistics
process, even when it is being processed at one of
your partners?
•
Edition 65
Is your system strong on customer satisfaction, but
not strong on “corporate satisfaction” areas, such as
processing the item at and after receiving to optimize
value recapture of the returned goods?
Do you spend a great deal of time creating excel
spreadsheets?
Do you spend a great deal of time reconciling data?
www.ReverseLogisticsProfessional.com
Can your business users create instant, relevant reports? Paul Rupnow - Director, Reverse Logistics Systems, Andlor
Is it easy to integrate, capture, share or provide your Logistics Systems Inc.
partners with data?
Editor - Reverse Logistics Professional Report Business
Do you have to rely on your partners system to provide
Insights and Strategies for Managing Product Returns
This is your place to post jobs* within the Reverse Logistics Industry.
Best Practice Reverse Logistics software systems work
in conjunction with your ERP and your partners systems.
In addition to helping achieve some of your goals above,
a specialized Reverse Logistics software system can
provide you with “Out of the Box” functionality to help
you fill some of the process gaps, managing gaps or
missing functionality to enhance or tie together the loose
ends in your system. Some of the questions below will
help you to identify opportunities:
Reverse Logistics Magazine
The questions above should help you perform a quick
review and assessment of your current Reverse Logistics
software system and help you identify opportunities to
improve your system or assess a specialized Reverse
When you need to change processes or workflow or Logistics software system that can help your company
rules, do you have to wait for programmers to complete save money and achieve higher recovery values on your
the changes?
returned assets.
RL Careers
Quick Review Questions for Your Current
Reverse Logistics Software Systems
58
Can you monitor states,
workflow and costs of each
item from time of request,
through the receiving,
triage, repair or refurbishment process and conversion to
a finished good for resale?
If you are a job seeker or a hiring manager looking to staff positions within the
Reverse Logistics Industry, this is the place for you. Contact RLA Connections
for more information!
*RL Solutions Careers is a service available to Bronze Members and above.
www.RLmagazine.com
www.RLmagazine.com
Edition 65 •
Reverse Logistics Magazine
59
feature Article
11th Annual
APAC RLA Conference & Expo
Mumbai, India – December 10-12, 2014
Reverse Logistics Talk
Project evaluators that need to contemplate governmental influences
as they consider project assets, capabilities, and constraints
and how it factors into a reverse logistics program.
by Jennifer Bilodeau
Project evaluators have a critical role in the planning
phase of any project to develop the key objectives,
scope of work, identify the functions and methods on
continuous evaluation throughout the project. This will
help the project manager to maintain accountability
as well as forming the basis of a knowledge center to
avoid weaknesses or mistakes identify key stakeholders
and roles within the project in addition to planning and
scheduling workload. Project evaluation beyond the
Governmental influences enter into nearly every
project and can impact decisions. Consider that XYZ
Corporation believes a team building event away from
the office would increase overall employee satisfaction
and productivity. Consider choice of location may be
at a beach. Governmental influences to consider might
be hours of operation, prohibiting alcohol, prohibiting
open flames for grilling, and other regulations. Where
the government has no direct impact on the corporate
event, the regulations surrounding the use of the public
space will ultimately affect the event.
It is important for government regulators to examine
the laws implemented to ensure compliance otherwise
their might be significant consequences. Private
business will not always act in the socially responsible
way, especially if it may reduce profits and cause them
to appear inept by shareholders seeking profits. In the
financial sector, government consistently kept a database
of consumer complaints regarding a wide range of unfair
banking practices; however, the government would not
If you are a Reverse Logistics professional – don’t miss this event!
For more information and complete details, visit www.RLAShows.com. Attendees may register online for
Workshops and the Conference and even book flights and hotel. Exhibitor space is available for purchase as well.
RLA’s APAC Committee to present three days of Reverse Logistics. Starting on Wednesday, December
10, with RLA Workshops and continuing to Thursday and Friday, December 11-12 with sessions and
exhibition.
A wide range of leading regional and global Reverse Logistics companies are in attendance from repair/
refurbishing to recycling/e-waste and transportation logistics.
planning phase should be conducted at critical mile stones
and could be completed by either internal or external
sources to ensure the project is being completed on time
and on budget. Evaluators weigh the financial gains or
losses, as well as managing project costs throughout the
program will be looking at the amount of time that will
lapse before the benefits of the investment are achieved.
Evaluators examine “payback periods, cash flow, and
cost of any debt incurred, taxes, direct quantifiable
expenses, indirect expenses, and unquantifiable costs”
(Irizani, 2010).
60
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•
Edition 65
Be sure to visit the Exhibition Hall where ODMs and OEMs will be looking for Third Party Service
Providers (3PSPs) that can manage Reverse Logistics in the APAC region, along with identifying solutions
for Europe and the Americas.There will be many exhibitors showcasing their Reverse Logistics services
and solutions. This is a rich opportunity for OEMs and Branded companies to identify future service
partners.
www.RLmagazine.com
www.RLmagazine.com
Edition 65 •
Reverse Logistics Magazine
61
us globally. Ultimately, it is “not just government that
influences the way business is conducted but private
business influences government policy” (Layard &
Glaister, 1994. P. 101).
enforce existing laws. Many consumer complaints were
“overlooked” because they were not well constructed,
or considered to be insignificant. When banks were
fined for violating laws, the penalties were outdated
and considered insignificant in private business in
comparison to the earnings resulting from questionable
practices. The government failed consumers by allowing
poor business decisions by the financial industry to
continue, and left it up to the individual consumer to
initiate a lawsuit against the businesses for financial
predatory practices. Most of the individuals victimized
did not have the financial means to hire an attorney,
did not understand their rights, became frustrated
deciphering which agency handled various issues, did
not have an understanding of the courts system, and
did not have the time to launch this type of battle. The
government negatively influenced the way banks were
doing business. The banks determined the probability
of the number of consumers pursuing litigation and
the costs associated with defending suits and paying
fines. If the profit margin was significant enough, the
“legal fees and Federal fines were considered a standard
expense of doing business” (Wytch, 2007). Another
side of the financial collapse was the way high priced
lobbyists, hired by the financial industry were selected
based on their relationships and influences they had
with policy makers and regulatory agencies. Lobbyists
mold the regulatory system in favor of business at the
expense of the consumer. Layard and Glaister provide an
example of how governments often do not appear to be
“thinking sensibly” but giving into pressures by various
interest groups (1994, p.103). Ultimately, the lack of
enforcement on consumer abuses led to the collapse
of the economy which should be analyzed to avoid the
collapse of some other critical component affecting
62
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•
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When weighing the options on how to approach a
reverse logistics program, government influences most
commonly be related to environment, health, or safety
regulations. It may be more cost efficient to outsource
returns processing than to invest funds into managing
assets, creating an infrastructure and buying equipment
to develop capabilities to manage returns in compliance
with possible laws. Government regulations will
influence the design and construct of a return facility, how
materials must be handled. As new risks are identified,
new regulations are often established. Once operations
are moving forward, evaluators must continually be on
alert for changes within government policy that may
affect operations.
As government influences business, business influences
government. It will be the project evaluators holding the
ungracious task of making ethical, socially beneficial
decisions, as well as voicing public opinion to adhere to
and mold public policy.
ADVERTISER INDEX
Desmond Tutu
Values.com
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NEWTrees
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RL Certifications
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RL Connect
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RL Solutions
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45
RL Turn Green into Gold
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RLA - Mumbai http://www.rlashows.org61
RLA Brasil
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2
RLA Device Ad
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RLA Las Vegas
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RLA Membership http://www.rla.org/memberships.php54
RLA News Clippings
http://www.reverselogisticstrends.com/newsletter.php 35
RLA - Product Life Cycle
www.rla.org
51
RLA - Terminology
www.rla.org/reverse-logistics.php
41
RLA Webinars
http://www.rla.org/webinars.php
57
RLA Workshops
www.rlashows.org
63
Utah Life Elevated
www.business.utah.gov
25
What is RLA?
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47
There is great content available in
RLA workshops this year.
REFERENCES
Wytch, A. (2007, April 30). The collapse of the economy, whose to blame?
Dig This Real.
Irani, Z. (2010). Investment evaluation within project management: An
information systems perspective. The Journal of the Operational Research
Society, 61(6), 917-928. doi:10.1057/jors.2010.10
Layard, R., & Glaister, S. (1994). Shadow prices and markets: Feasibility
constraints. In Cost benefit analysis (Fourth ed., pp. 102-109). New York,
NY: Cambridge University Press.
Jennifer Bilodeau, a Reverse Logistics
specialist, formerly supported the
Department of the Defense in day
to day management of both inbound
(return) and outbound distribution
of goods throughout the command.
She was recognized for exemplary
performance throughout the base
relocation effort working with internal/external
stakeholders managing multiple projects assessing
tangible goods for movement to new facilities, acquiring
replacement items, as well as recapturing value from
left behind products. In this role she oversaw reverse
logistics operations including repair and warrantees,
secondary markets, deconstruction and re-utilization of
parts, as well as final disposition instructions.
www.RLmagazine.com
You’re in town for the RLA Conference & Expo, why not take
advantage of your Monday and learn more about RL in an interactive
classroom setting.
Beginning at 9:00AM on the day prior to the conference, a
registration fee of $999.99 allows you to attend any three workshops.
Some Past Workshops
• Successful Outsourcing - RFQs, Contracts and SOW presented by Gailen Vick, RLA
• Customer Experience by Kok Huan Tan, Senior Service Program Manager, DELL
• Leverage RL to Drive Sustainability & Reduce Expenses by Jesse LaRose, ESE Solutions
www.RLmagazine.com
Edition 65 • Reverse Logistics Magazine
Register now www.RLAshows.org
63
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