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Violence at school in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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Violence at school in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2009 International Campbell Collaboration (C2) Colloquium
Submitter Information
Virginia Schall
Email: [email protected]
Abstract Information
Abstract Title:
VIOLENCE AT SCHOOL IN RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL: REPERCUSSIONS FOR MENTAL HEALTH OF ADOLESCENTS.
Format:
Poster
Themes:
recent research on social policy
Authors:
José Belisário Filho, Ph.D., Centro de Pesquisas René Rachou, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, MG, Brazil Carlos estellita-Lins, Ph.D., Instituto de
Comunicação e Informação Científica e Tecnológica em Saúde, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, RJ, Brazil Virgínia T. Schall, Ph.D., Centro de
Pesquisas René Rachou, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, MG, Brazil
Abstract:
This study aimed to conduct a prospective survey with qualitative methodology of relevant topics in the intricate scenario that articulates the
young and urban violence, discussing the role of schools and the need for public policies and educational strategies that enforce the school
inclusion. The research was conducted with 39 young people from Rio de Janeiro, using the technique of focus groups. The three groups
included young people from areas at high risk for violence, drug abuse, trafficking and early pregnancy. The recorded data were transcribed
and analyzed by software NUD*IST. The data led four major categories that reflect the urban violence in major Brazilian cities and its
influence in the school environment, where the horizontality of the rival factions replaces the educational and institutional authority. The
results indicate the presence of violence from organized crime through the body social and educational institution with close connections
between mental health, social exclusion and stigmatization. The dialogues in focus groups explain exclusion and violence experienced by
young people and the strategies built by them for dealing with adversity. This situation requires from the public institutions of education and
research the development of critical skills and methodologies supported by public policies on health and education for the young Brazilian
population.
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