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annual report 2014
I DEAS FOR A
NEW
BRAZIL
ANNUAL REPORT 2014
TABLE OF CONTENTS
02
05
06
12
16
20
THE NEW BRAZIL
LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT
TRANSPARENCY
EFFICIENCY
DEVELOPMENT
EDUCATION
24
28
32
58
64
70
ECONOMICS
SECURITY
FGV IN 2014
INTERNATIONAL
ABOUT FGV
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
THE NEW BRAZIL
LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT
PRESIDENT OF FUNDAÇÃO GETULIO VARGAS
CARLOS IVAN SIMONSEN LEAL
by adopting the wide range of information and techniques
currently available. In fact, we are merely reacting to the
world’s evolution and the increasingly higher social demand
to engage in such discussions.
Throughout its 70 years of existence, Fundação Getulio
Vargas (FGV) has always followed the same mission:
to stimulate Brazil’s social and economic development.
It has been seven decades of struggle dedicated to the
national interest: educating, researching, creating projects,
disseminating information and ideas, and avidly engaging in
national debates, especially on public policies.
Based on our strategic vision, we seek to occupy key
positions in the promotion of social democracy. FGV is
preparing to become an independent center for Brazilian data
transparency. It is a bold project indeed. Today’s Internet
resources, access to all databases, undeniable credibility,
production of unique information, historical series and
documentation allow us to act as Brazil’s main driver of
transparency, especially in the public sector. We want to
provide people with access to information so they can make
their life decisions (i.e. economic, political, social, etc.).
FGV is polysemic: its massive capacity and overarching
scope cover a wide array of themes, while maintaining the
institution’s ability to focus on the minutiae of discussions.
Understanding its complexity is no easy task: from its
size and scope – currently employing over 3,000 people
in approximately twenty-four areas – to the diversity and
quality of its scientific productions. FGV is known as one
of the main generators of knowledge and human capital for
both the public and private sectors in their strides towards
development.
The institution strives to be known as a think tank,
which is undoubtedly the best term to define its activities.
We are ranked as the first in Latin America and the 18th
worldwide – ahead of China. Over the next three years, we
are confident that we will climb even higher in these ranks.
No specific FGV project stands out from others within its
portfolio of activities. All of our schools, units, and research
centers are equally capable of making newspaper headlines,
in addition to generating outstanding academic results. We
cover a wide range of activities, from online National High
School Exam (ENEM) prep courses to Brazil’s top graduate
courses. We produced 2,920 research publications in 2014 –
around eight per day – and had 6,500 stricto sensu graduate
students and 130,000 continuing education students across
Brazil, in addition to approximately 2 million students
enrolled in free Internet courses.
The institution’s path is deeply intertwined with
Brazilian history. Over these past seven decades, the country
has embraced many of the ideas developed by FGV. We
played a key role in building the modern national State; we
created through thinking; we built through critical reasoning;
and we encouraged development through education.
FGV has three main goals. The first is to do more
and better than what we have done in the past 70 years.
“Doing more” has become a hallmark throughout our welldocumented history. But how do we do better? The answer
comes down to time efficiency: being able to meet short-term
demands, adapt to medium-term demand fluctuations, and
effectively guide long-term demands.
In the wise words of FGV’s founder, Luiz Simões
Lopes: “Either FGV fulfills its mission, and its mission is
needed, or it must cease to exist.” These strong words were
professed by Dr. Simões in 1946, when FGV nearly closed its
doors shortly after its foundation. However, FGV has stood
the test of time and has become the great institution we have
all come to know.
The institution’s second key goal is to become a kind
of portal between the world’s viewpoint of Brazil and Brazil’s
viewpoint of the world. Despite being extremely ambitious,
such a goal is paramount for FGV to constantly assess its
positioning in relation to other top international institutions.
Brazil is now immersed in the world, and knowledge-sharing
interactions with other nations are essential if we are to be on
par with the world’s leading countries.
The third goal is to embrace the inexorability of
cybernetics and incorporate all major breakthroughs in
information science to our thought process, capitalizing
on new opportunities emerging from digital connectivity.
FGV is increasingly becoming a center of applied sociology
5
TRANS PARENCY
THE BOUNDARIES
OF TRANSPARENCY
TRANSPARENCY AS
THE MAIN DRIVER OF TRUST
DEAN OF FGV’S RIO DE JANEIRO LAW SCHOOL (DIREITO RIO)
JOAQUIM FALCÃO
DEAN OF FGV’S BRAZILIAN SCHOOL OF
PUBLIC AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (EBAPE)
FLAVIO CARVALHO DE VASCONCELOS
In recent years, the democratic state of law has made
substantial progress regarding the transparency of the
Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches. The main pillars
supporting such progress are freedom of expression –
including academic freedom – and society’s reorganization
and mobilization through social media.
properly informed by transparency, can create politicallymature citizens. It enhances social and institutional control
over public initiatives. Pragmatic transparency has mobilizing
powers and is geared toward action.
Open Supreme Court proceedings, the Transparency
Act, disclosure of court inquiries (such as in the Petrobras
corruption scandal), and open Congressional voting sessions
are all great examples of such progress.
A well-informed predisposition must promote positive
and concrete experiences for each and every citizen; it must
improve their lives, encourage ethical behavior to become
the norm in public environments, establish social peace, and
grant equal access to health, culture, income and education to
each individual. And this process continues on.
Brazil’s current scenario is explained by a long history
of deeply-rooted ethical concepts prioritizing efficiency
over transparency. There is still a widespread notion that
administrators who actually promote development and
improve social conditions by bending or breaking the rules
make better managers. However, this scenario seems to be
reversing. Such cultural change is very important to finally
erase outdated ethical concepts in Brazil and to establish
boundaries that must never be crossed.
Corporate transparency has become a crucial aspect of
development in recent years. Trust is what is ultimately at
stake: market players – clients, shareholders, suppliers and
banks – must trust the companies with which they interact;
otherwise the entire economic system becomes unstable.
However, it is also not enough by itself.
But transparency is just a means towards democracy,
rather than its final objective. Transparency generates the
need for even more transparency, creating a virtuous circle.
In order for the circle to keep going, there is a need to
reach concrete results. Transparency can keep the country
informed, but it does not necessarily guarantee its democratic
future.
However, whenever there is a gap between transparency
and the functioning of institutions, when violence, corruption
and inequality prevail, the social fabric can be torn apart; a
widespread sense of disappointment towards democracy can
occur, which is a very serious problem.
The most harmful damage corporate scandals can
cause – even more than that of financial losses – is the
undermining of trust. Within the business environment, it is
vital to know whether a company’s reports and statements
are truthful. Such need to convey the truth through
transparency is paramount. Both public authorities and
corporations must be accountable and truthful towards
society. Obviously, there is some information that cannot
be disclosed; technology companies, for example, have
inherent trade secrets to protect them from competitors. In
interactions with society, however, transparency is crucial and
has become increasingly relevant.
In order to effect such change, we must first improve
the founding principles of citizenship and ensure that the
Justice System is more efficient in deterring this type of
behavior, in addition to preparing administrators to do
a better job. Administration practices, however, reflect
society’s demand for this type of transparency and effective
punishment if trust is betrayed. Regardless, it is clear that this
scenario is now changing for the better.
Such disappointment with democracy could potentially
trivialize transparency and ultimately undermine the notion
that transparency helps punish illegality, control violence and
corruption, and promote peace.
That is why the democratic state of law requires
pragmatic transparency; but what does that mean?
All three branches of power must be legitimate as well
as legal. In other words, they must be approved and respected
by the population; legality can pave the way to democracy,
but it is simply not enough to build a democratic rule of law.
In this case, legality is no longer a predisposition of
legitimacy, and we break away from the democratic state
of law.
Indeed, there seems to be a latent predisposition by
the population in favor of legality. This predisposition, when
8
9
THE ONLINE SOCIETY:
ENHANCED ENGAGEMENT
AND TRANSPARENCY
DIRECTOR OF FGV’S PUBLIC POLICY ANALYSIS DIVISION (DAPP)
MARCO AURÉLIO RUEDIGER
That is the true meaning of transparency in this
scenario: to ensure that public information is, in fact, public.
This includes the public budget, government investments,
documents issued, policy discussions, etc.; in other words,
allowing people to understand exactly what is at stake in
order to analyze and discuss public policies, ultimately
improving the debate on the country’s future.
One of the most recent phenomena in Brazil – whose impact
will affect society in general – is the connectivity between
citizens and institutions, as well as the increasing need for
transparency between the government and civil society;
this plays a significant role in public administration and the
electoral process.
A new player has emerged: the inter-connected
society. While society formerly came together through civil
organizations and social movements, the instant connection
through social networks has enabled participation in real
time. This deeply affects how politics is conducted, including
the need for government results and the demands regarding
specific issues, as well as alternative political proposals. It also
affects society’s way of claiming results and thinking of new
policies, ultimately affecting how power relations are shaped
in the modern world.
On the other hand, society itself is also producing
key information for the government and public sphere,
which has become a major challenge. FGV seeks to observe
this phenomenon and understand it because the country is
heading in this direction, much like the rest of the world.
FGV’s mission is to contribute to the development of
Brazil. So we face a formidable challenge, but we also have
the potential to fulfill an important role in public debate
by bringing together the State and Society though new
technologies and social media.
The mission of the Public Policy Analysis Division
(DAPP) is to understand these trends, conduct in-depth
research of this movement, decode government and society
performance numbers, and interpret the mindset of modern
society in order to provide input for public administrators to
perfect Brazil’s public policies.
10
11
EFFI CIENCY
FOCUS ON EFFICIENT
COMPANY MANAGEMENT
SOLID FOUNDATION
TO RESUME GROWTH
DEAN OF FGV’S SÃO PAULO SCHOOL OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (EAESP)
LUIZ ARTUR LEDUR BRITO
DIRECTOR OF FGV PROJECTS
CESAR CUNHA CAMPOS
Brazilian companies struggle to overcome productivity
challenges and face global competitors head-on. According
to Fortune Magazine’s 2014 Global 500 ranking, only
seven (1.4%) of the world’s largest companies are Brazilian.
The Forbes Global 2000 ranking features only 25 (1.3%)
from Brazil, not a comfortable position for the world’s
seventh largest economy, responsible for 3% of the world’s
population and production, according to The Economist’s
March 2015 edition.
There are multiple drivers behind productivity, such as
up-to-date technology, infrastructure, workforce qualification
and training, investments, and institutional environment.
Another important and somewhat overlooked element is
management quality. Management is a link that optimizes
and connects external drivers to the micro levels of each
enterprise.
Management know-how unveils new paths towards
efficiency and efficacy gains, which ultimately translate into
higher productivity and competitiveness for corporations.
Operation management establishes how to set up and
manage supply networks, promoting efficient manufacturing
and servicing operations, while marketing activities define
how to align the company to current and future customer
demands. Finance and accounting streamline management
results. People management covers our most important
resource. Strategy organizes all of these resources and
competitor relations, striving to achieve business model
efficiency. In addition, this process includes multiple crossfunctional and trending topics, such as entrepreneurship,
sustainability, ethics, innovation, and management of
technological know-how.
14
Recent surveys indicate that most companies in
emerging countries rely on inferior management techniques
compared to those in developed countries or multinational
corporations, which directly affects global competitiveness
and productivity. Many Brazilian companies were created
back when there was still no international competition to
overcome. However, times have changed and companies now
face major challenges in virtually all industries.
Brazil is going through an important phase, reassessing
its issues and behaviors as it sets its sights on the future.
Troubled times are great opportunities to review old concepts
and pursue new paths, as seen in other historical moments
which at one point allowed Brazil to rank as the 7th largest
economy in the world. Our institutions are working and
democratic harmony between the different branches of power
is being preserved, which is reason to celebrate.
The productivity issue has external and internal
roots; at least part of the problem lies within the companies
themselves. It is paramount for companies to improve
management quality, which involves applied training to
teach and motivate its executives. Business schools, such
as FGV’s São Paulo School of Business Administration
(EAESP), play a crucial role in this process; in addition to
recycling management know-how, these institutions promote
integrated reasoning among executives, allowing them
to ponder short-term results and understand that today’s
decisions will ultimately impact tomorrow’s society.
Institutions that are capable of thinking about and
understanding Brazil will always have room to function in
a changing environment. By inserting additional values into
these institutions, such as innovation, talent and the ability
to interact with the international scenario, their contribution
towards Brazil’s development increases tenfold. The truth
is that our foundation is solid; social indicators have grown
substantially in recent years; inflation rates have raised some
concerns, but are now stabilized; and we have been able
to mitigate and control unemployment rates, unlike some
developed countries that are still struggling with this issue.
Our true potential is far greater than our current
economic growth rates, but we are still trying to fulfill it;
in our efforts, we enjoy the trust of international markets,
especially from risk rating agencies, as well as the support of
a first-rate and highly qualified economic team.
We must work hard to recover growth and attract
external investment and business opportunities towards
Brazil once again. Social demand is a thermometer that
measures our need to review policies, cut back on costs, and
update public administration procedures.
In short, we already have the right environment and
opportunities to engage and promote Brazil as a country.
FGV’s unparalleled technical skills, competence and seasoned
professionals can guide our operations and help public and
private institutions, both national and international, safely
invest in Brazil.
15
DEVELOP MENT
NATURAL LAW,
SUBSIDIARITY AND
SOCIAL WELL-BEING
STABLE LEGAL EXPECTATIONS PROMOTE A
POSITIVE ENVIRONMENT
DEAN OF FGV’S BRAZILIAN SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE (EPGE)
RUBENS PENHA CYSNE
DEAN OF FGV’S SÃO PAULO LAW SCHOOL (DIREITO SP)
OSCAR VILHENA VIEIRA
The combination between Natural Law and the
Principle of Subsidiarity has the power to promote any
country’s well-being, especially those with inferior social
and institutional development.
One of the basic concepts of behavioral psychology is
that people tend to make decisions based on common
grounds, either regarding shared values or ethical and legal
boundaries. Economists would say that they are generally
subject to the same system of incentives and disincentives.
For example, those who litter the city by throwing cigarette
butts on the street most likely expect others to do the same.
The true question is how to sip from the cup of this
educated and educating coalition. Basic education definitely
helps; mitigating historical inequalities is also extremely
helpful. In fact, income inequalities can be corrected by
addressing educational inequalities.
A natural and logical solution to this problem is to
integrate two basic concepts of human coexistence: Natural
Law and the Principle of Subsidiarity.
In light of the key points discussed in this article, FGV
will continue to pursue its objectives to promote Brazil’s
development and well-being, acting as one of the main
providers of first-rate education in the country.
In general terms, one may perceive compliance
with Natural Law as an exercise of social common sense,
emerging from human perceptions that are harmonious
with nature – a nature that includes human peers.
Knowledge of Natural Law depends on the knowledge of
Scriptures (Divine Law), the universe (Eternal Law) and
social conventions (Human Law).
The third challenge is to boost the quality of life
and social interactions of the population, particularly in
metropolitan areas. The lack of public security and the
strong influence of narcotics have torn apart the social
fabric, reducing overall trust in public administration, as
well as intersubjective trust. On the other hand, precarious
housing conditions and excessive urban commutes hinder
the population’s quality of life. We must quickly reform
our police, promote quality housing, and revamp our
urban transportation system, rendering our cities much
better places to live in, while also attracting more business
opportunities.
A silent revolution has brewed in Brazil over the past three
decades of democracy. Besides building an extremely sturdy
democratic structure, we were also able to ensure that all
institutions responsible for enacting and enforcing laws
were sufficiently independent. Along with economic stability
and social inclusion policies came a newfound sense of
citizenship among the population, increasingly aware of
its rights. This ultimately allowed Brazil to establish an
institutional stability standard far superior to that of other
emerging countries. However, there are still many hurdles to
overcome before such development becomes sustainable.
In order to become more economically attractive and
socially equitable at the same time, Brazil must revise its tax
regime, which not only overburdens the productive sector
but also heavily taxes those with lower income, especially
through indirect and highly regressive taxes.
What is FGV’s role in this scenario? Whether in
the fields of applied research or education, a high-end
institution such as Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV) can help
rationalize public debate and offer solutions to improve
transparency, equity, competitiveness and expectation
management in Brazil. FGV’s law schools have been
increasingly involved in the debate surrounding the reform
and modernization of law and its institutions, preparing
a new generation of jurists capable of operating in such
institutions within a much more complex and cosmopolitan
environment than that of the past.
The second challenge is to improve the quality of
the educational system. Despite virtually universalizing
primary education, there is still a large gap in high school
and technical courses, which has kept Brazil from taking a
qualitative leap forward in productivity. We can only expect
to become more competitive in sectors with higher added
value by improving the quality of our workforce.
In a way, Pope Leo XIII’s Principle of Subsidiarity –
avidly defended by the Democratic Christian Party, in
Germany – complements Natural Law. In one of its
dimensions, such a principle translates into the perception
of governments (or organized powers) as mere subsidiaries
(hence the term “Subsidiarity”) of the citizens, their families
and their communities, in that order.
18
19
EDU CATION
APPLIED MATHEMATICS:
BOUNDLESS OPPORTUNITIES
HIGH SCHOOL IS THE CRUX
OF EDUCATION
DEAN OF FGV’S SCHOOL OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS (EMAp)
MARIA IZABEL TAVARES CAMACHO
DIRECTOR OF FGV PRESS AND FGV LIBRARIES SYSTEM
MARIETA DE MORAES FERREIRA
There is currently a gap between mathematics learned
at school and its true potential in different applications.
Science has become a gateway for numerous job
opportunities. In the past, mathematics was only applied to
physics and engineering, whereas nowadays it has expanded
into the fields of social sciences, biology, law, finances,
logistics, and management.
Professionals with applied mathematics training – a
focus of FGV – are in high demand in developed countries.
The School of Applied Mathematics’ (EMAp) research on
subjects such as electrical power generation and different
uses of water, Dengue fever transmission risk mapping,
among several others, highlights the importance of
mathematics in overcoming the country’s challenges.
With advances in technology, professionals who
are able to effectively use mathematical techniques and
computer models are in high demand, but there are still
very few of them. Only 20% of Brazilians choose to pursue
an education in mathematics, compared to 50% in Asian
countries. The right teaching approach to math at school is
what drives student interest and helps develop new talents
in math and science; there are few professionals in these
areas, a fact that hinders the development of sectors driving
economic growth, such as technological innovation. This in
turn has direct impact on competitiveness.
Fortunately, some initiatives have been successful,
such as the Brazilian Public School Math Olympics event,
which includes more than 99% of the country’s public
schools; the event has already discovered children with great
potential and arranged for them to attend university.
FGV’s Institute for Educational Development is
creating a distance learning program to train teachers; the
goal of the program is to update teachers’ knowledge and
renew classroom methodologies. EMAp students offer
free math lessons to public school students on Saturdays,
helping improve the children’s school performance while
experiencing the classroom environment and all of its
inherent challenges. The obstacles will not disappear
overnight, but the project is very important; the sooner we
begin, the faster we will see results.
Teacher qualification, in relation to both content
and methodology, is the biggest hurdle to overcome in
mathematics education. Another problem is the lack of
available incentives in the sector, which ultimately causes
many individuals to abandon this career.
22
High school once again became a focal point with the
kickoff, in 2005, of FGV’s High School program for the
production of textbooks; some of the books were approved
by the Brazilian Textbook Program and used by several
schools across Brazil. This initiative ultimately forged the
FGV Digital High School program, which offers a freeaccess portal with multidisciplinary classes and a database
of more than 10,000 questions – including National High
School Exam (ENEM) prep questions. The portal has
already received over 2 million registered visitors.
High school is currently the main challenge facing
Brazil’s education system. In a way, despite much room
for improvement, the primary school system has already
reached some key universalization goals and is heading in
the right direction. The highest student dropout rates are
concentrated in high school – which is a crucial point for
our development, considering that young workers lacking
a high school education struggle to find jobs in our modern
society.
Improvement in the quality of the high school system
involves restructuring the process of granting teaching
degrees. It is imperative to improve teacher training, invest
in continuous training and updating, and promote the use
of new technologies to improve teaching methodologies
and content. It is important to note, however, that teachers
and schools must also be recognized and rewarded with fair
salaries and proper infrastructure.
There are other positive initiatives currently in place,
such as investments in technical schools to qualify students
for specific professions, and the Brazilian Education Plan,
which has outlined educational targets across all levels.
However, we must not forget that education is also applied
beyond schools – in libraries and textbooks, for example
– and FGV is ready to face these challenges by enhancing
teacher training courses and textbook production.
FGV has a solid tradition in basic education. With its
foundation in the late 1940s, FGV developed an innovative
educational project, the Nova Friburgo High School
(Ginásio Nova Friburgo), which implemented new methods
and content. The school operated until the 1970s, training
teachers, developing educational materials and promoting
its methodology.
23
ECO NOMICS
HUMAN CAPITAL AND
PRODUCTIVITY: THE KEYS
TO ECONOMIC GROWTH
RESTORING GROWTH IS
THE MAIN CHALLENGE FACED
BY BRAZILIAN ECONOMY
DIRECTOR OF FGV GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT
ROBERTO CASTELLO BRANCO
DIRECTOR OF FGV’S BRAZILIAN INSTITUTE OF ECONOMICS (IBRE)
LUIZ GUILHERME SCHYMURA
Improving fund allocations can generate productivity
gains, and we already have several different tools to make
that happen.
Brazil’s economy blossomed in the decades following the
end of World War II, raising its income levels closer to those
of developed economies. Compared to the U.S., Brazil’s
GDP per capita leaped from 13.6% in 1950 to 28.7%,
in 1980.
Over the past 35 years, our economy seems to have
toned down into a much slower long-term growth trajectory,
allegedly due to what economists refer to as the “middle
income trap”.
There is no reason to resort to fatalistic forecasts,
since we still have the potential to become one of the
world’s most dynamic economies once again.
Promoting a business-friendly environment by
rationalizing the legal and regulatory framework is one of
the most powerful tools at our disposal to mitigate costs
and risks, and increase productivity at the same time.
There seems to be a great untapped potential to boost
productivity growth by leveraging our most competitive
areas, such as the exploration of natural resources, and the
exposure to external competition, which is an important
method to share knowledge.
In order to promote development, public funds must
be reassigned to activities that generate positive externalities,
in which net social benefits surpass private returns, as
seen in the areas of education, research, development and
infrastructure.
Long-term economic growth is based on two main
pillars: human capital and total factor productivity. Human
capital contribution is obtained both directly and through
increased productivity, particularly in the service sector –
which accounts for nearly 70% of Brazil’s GDP – and in
business management.
Brazilian society deserves a much better future; and
the key is to invest in human capital and productivity
growth.
Despite the progress obtained, our education system
still faces many challenges that must be overcome by
devising suitable policies. Increasing the number of children
attending preschool – an essential part of the human
cognitive and non-cognitive skill development process –
lowering school dropout rates, and improving educational
quality are the top priorities.
The Brazilian Institute of Economics (IBRE) plays a
key role in this scenario, whether by developing indicators
reflecting economic behaviors, or by hosting seminars and
debates to outline potential economic trajectories.
The biggest hurdle facing Brazil’s economy at the moment is
increasing its growth rate, which is vital to maintaining the
social inclusion process started in the 1980s. There are two
ways of reversing low growth rates: by boosting savings or
increasing productivity.
Brazil has also taken a few steps forward regarding
institutional development. For example, the notion of
primary surplus was ludicrous in the early 1990s; nowadays,
this has changed completely. The debate regarding
public deficits and fiscal solidity has become much more
sophisticated, reflecting the widespread realization that
increased public debt is harmful to the economy and
undermines the government’s investment capacity. Over
the past decade, Brazil has also developed its democratic
institutions significantly. The movement for social inclusion
requires more dialogue, negotiations, concessions and
agreements. Society is much more engaged, active and aligned
to current events. Ultimately, all of these aspects benefit the
country’s economy.
The savings option is quite complex, considering
Brazil’s history of excessive consumption. The country closely
follows the American and English models; the difference is
that these developed economies are much more productive.
Therefore, the question is how to increase economic
productivity and, in this sense, reviewing social programs is
imperative.
Public universities, for example, which were initially
conceived to provide college education to the low-income
population, currently have several students that can afford
private colleges, but choose not to do so. In the pension fund
system, there are multiple cases of elderly citizens marrying
younger people simply to pass on the benefits. These factors
take a toll on public coffers. There are several other examples
of similar distortions throughout the country, which must be
corrected; otherwise, there will not be sufficient resources to
maintain the whole structure intact.
As for the increased productivity option, one of Brazil’s
most crucial agendas is the creation of programs to improve
the country’s road infrastructure; without this, it will be
difficult to restore economic growth.
26
27
SECUR ITY
BRAZIL’S PROGRESS IN
FOREIGN RELATIONS AND THE
IMPORTANCE OF THE MILITARY
DEAN OF FGV’S SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (CPDOC)
CELSO CASTRO
COORDINATOR OF FGV’S SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES (CPDOC IN SÃO PAULO)
OLIVER STUENKEL
It is also important to note that in the past 30 years
there have been no attempts at military coups or rebellions
putting the military as an actual threat to democracy – a
record time span in the Republic’s history. This has allowed
security efforts to focus on foreign relations, such as
peacekeeping missions.
Brazil has the privilege of being in a region with very few
conflicts, which are not nearly as dramatic as in other
continents such as Africa, Asia, or even Europe. Brazil’s last
armed conflict was the Paraguayan War, back in the 19th
century.
On the one hand, this could lead us to believe that
Brazil’s current military forces are unnecessary. A big obstacle
is that most of the military budget is currently spent on
personnel and pensions, leaving very few funds to invest
in equipment and innovations. Military funding must be
reduced to a minimum, while an efficient operating structure
is maintained at the same time.
Currently, one of the most pressing issues is the South
Atlantic, which has fallen under the international limelight
after becoming a vital trade route, mainly due to China’s
economic growth and increased geopolitical leverage. As a
local power, Brazil plays a key role in international security,
including maritime security, which involves the construction
of nuclear submarines. FGV has a lot to contribute in this
sense, promoting initiatives that help enhance our military
efficiency, including human capital training actions.
Nonetheless, Brazil has taken a few very important
steps forward in homeland security and defense in recent
years, including the production of the first Homeland Defense
White Paper – during President Dilma Rousseff’s first term –
for which FGV provided significant contributions.
30
FGV IN 2014
FGV HIGHLIGHTS
3,636
2,910
1,380
544
436
310
UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS
ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS BY PROFESSORS,
RESEARCHERS AND TECHNICAL EXPERTS
MASTER’S PROGRAM STUDENTS
CONGRESSES AND SEMINARS ORGANIZED AND CO-ORGANIZED
524
381
TECHNICAL ADVISORY PROJECTS
34
BOOKS PUBLISHED
127,800
428
295
PHD PROGRAM STUDENTS
GRADUATE STUDENTS
62
CONTINUING EDUCATION STUDENTS
MASTER’S GRADUATES
STANDARD STUDIES AND RESEARCH
PHD GRADUATES
35
SCHOOL OF
SOCIAL SCIENCES
CPDOC
RIO DE JANEIRO
LAW SCHOOL
DIREITO RIO
DEAN
CELSO CASTRO
DEAN
JOAQUIM FALCÃO
FGV’s School of Social Sciences emerged from CPDOC
(Center for the Research and Documentation of
Contemporary Brazilian History), created 40 years ago
to store and develop relevant archival sources relating to
Brazilian history. The personal archive of former Brazilian
president Getúlio Vargas, donated to CPDOC in 1973,
was the first of 200 private archives given to the Center by
important figures in Brazilian contemporary history. The
documents from this collection cover political, economic,
social and cultural aspects of Brazilian history, in addition
to the country’s relations with other nations around
the world. After incorporating education to its scope of
activities, in the 2000s, CPDOC became FGV’s School of
Social Sciences.
61 ongoing research projects in the areas of memory
and culture, institutions and politics, city and work, and
foreign relations
36 technical projects
53 domestic and foreign academic events organized
promoting debates and disclosing the results of the
School’s research projects
449 academic publications by professors, researchers and
technical experts
Founded in 2002, FGV’s Rio de Janeiro Law School
(Direito Rio) was created in response to market demands
for professionals who could think of Law in practical
terms, finding legal solutions to the daily problems of
Brazilian society. Since then, the School has dedicated
itself to teaching and research in four major areas:
legislative action, social commitment, internationalization
and innovation. The School is multifaceted, offering
undergraduate, graduate and continuing education
courses, as well investing in research focused on issues
such as Legal Reform, Technology, the Economy and
the Environment.
276 undergraduate students
18 master’s program students
59 PhD program students
51 professors
561 research papers and publications by professors,
researchers and technical experts
10 international technical, scientific and academic
partnerships with institutions in 6 countries
International, technical, scientific and academic
partnerships with institutions in 16 countries
25 events organized and co-organized
Operations in two cities: Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo
2 undergraduate courses, 4 specialization courses,
1 professional master’s program, 1 academic master’s
program, and 1 PhD program
42 professors
The CPDOC collection features 200 personal archives
from relevant public figures of Brazilian contemporary
history, including over 1.7 million manuscripts, print and
audiovisual exhibits.
6,000 hours of specific oral historical overviews of
Brazilian history on record, such as the creation and
trajectory of state-owned companies and agencies,
military governments, documentary cinema, educational
institutions, the legal field, the history of science, the rise
of corporate elites, and the development of Brazil’s foreign
policy, among several others.
Over 6,000 entries of the Brazilian Dictionary of
Historical Biographies, edited and updated since 1984.
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
36
37
SÃO PAULO
LAW SCHOOL
DIREITO SP
SÃO PAULO SCHOOL OF
BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
EAESP
DEAN
OSCAR VILHENA VIEIRA
DEAN
LUIZ ARTUR LEDUR BRITO
Conceived to educate a new generation of legal experts
qualified to face the challenging demands of modern
society, FGV’s São Paulo Law School (Direito SP) focuses
on an innovative educational proposal, preparing its
students to excel in both the public and private sectors
through constant interaction with other fields of
knowledge. The Law School offers undergraduate courses,
academic and professional master’s programs, and lato
sensu graduate courses in areas such as Business, Tax,
and Intellectual Property Law, in addition to generating
knowledge through research focus groups and centers.
248 undergraduate students
156 master’s program students
55 professors
256 academic publications by professors, researchers and
technical experts
37 international technical, scientific and academic
partnerships with institutions in 17 countries
13 approved master’s degree theses
149 events organized and co-organized
Established in 1954, FGV’s São Paulo School of Business
Administration (EAESP) is recognized as a first-rate
Business Administration research center, training and
preparing leaders in the business, public administration
and academic fields. The School offers undergraduate
courses in Business Administration and Public
Administration, executive training courses, master’s and
PhD programs. Its quality and excellence in education are
known worldwide. Only 67 of the 14,000 business schools
around the world have received all three of the most
important international accreditations, and EAESP is the
only school in Brazil to have achieved such a feat; it has
undergone rigorous international certification processes
established by the three most prominent accrediting
institutions in education: Association to Advance
Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB), European
Quality Improvement System (EFMD) and Association of
MBAs (Amba).
• Wide range of innovative and highly recognized
specialization and master’s programs, covering all
development stages of executive careers.
• Leader in Business Administration research activities,
generating knowledge through its PhD programs and 16
applied research centers.
*2014 EXECUTIVE MBA RANKING BY THE FINANCIAL TIMES
NEWSPAPER.
2,031 undergraduate students
485 master’s program students
266 PhD program students
• Most internationally-oriented school in Latin America,
holding over 100 partnerships with globally-renowned
foreign institutions, across all continents; some of the
school’s courses are offered entirely in the English
language.
250 professors
425 academic publications by professors and researchers
102 international technical, scientific and academic
partnerships with institutions from 40 different countries
• The school has over 100,000 graduates, currently more
than 3,000 students enrolled, and a faculty of 250
professionals.
134 master’s degree theses approved
• Business and Public Administration undergraduate
courses established as quality references in Brazil,
constantly training new leaders in the country.
28 PhD dissertations approved
387 events organized and co-organized
• Business Administration PhD program with the highest
CAPES (Brazilian Federal Agency for the Support and
Evaluation of Graduate Education) score.
• The OneMBA program is the best executive MBA in
Brazil and one of the top 50 programs worldwide*.
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
38
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
39
BRAZILIAN SCHOOL OF
PUBLIC AND BUSINESS
ADMINISTRATION EBAPE
SÃO PAULO SCHOOL OF
ECONOMICS
EESP
DEAN
YOSHIAKI NAKANO
DEAN
FLAVIO CARVALHO DE VASCONCELOS
Established in 1952, FGV’s Brazilian School of Public and
Business Administration (EBAPE) was the first Business
Administration School in Brazil and Latin America
focused on Public Administration and is currently ranked
as the best Business Administration School* in Brazil.
Since its establishment, the school has generated and
promoted knowledge and research, training professionals
for leadership positions in the fields of academic,
business and public administration. The school offers
undergraduate courses (online and in-person), master’s
and PhD programs, tailored to specific market trends and
demands of today’s globalized world.
200 undergraduate students (in-person)
315 master’s program students
66 PhD program students
The purpose of FGV’s São Paulo School of Economics
(EESP) is to contribute towards Brazil’s development by
understanding the country’s reality and strengthening its
national identity. The School is a center of excellence in
economic research and teaching in Brazil, acknowledged
and accredited by several local and foreign organizations.
185 undergraduate students
260 master’s program students
57 PhD program students
62 professors
47 professors
224 bibliographical publications
845 academic publications by professors, researchers and
technical experts
500 technical productions
15 international technical, scientific and academic
partnerships
63 international technical, scientific and academic
partnerships with institutions in 23 countries
90 master’s degree theses approved
118 master’s degree theses approved
12 PhD dissertations approved
8 PhD dissertations approved
98 events organized and co-organized
91 events organized and co-organized
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
* 2013 IGC/MEC.
40
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
41
BRAZILIAN SCHOOL OF
ECONOMICS AND FINANCE
EPGE
SCHOOL OF
APPLIED MATHEMATICS
EMAp
DEAN
RUBENS PENHA CYSNE
DEAN
MARIA IZABEL TAVARES CAMACHO
168 undergraduate students
Established in 1961, FGV’s Brazilian School of Economics
and Finance (EPGE) prepares the elite of Brazilian
economists responsible for assisting in the development
of public policies and the promotion of the country’s
development. The School offers undergraduate courses,
academic master’s programs, and professional master’s
and doctorate programs in Business Economics and
Finance, encouraging professors and students to become
researchers, as well as publish and present their articles in
major scientific journals and research centers within the
field of economics.
187 master’s program students
43 PhD program students
27 graduate students
71 professors
110 academic publications by professors, researchers and
technical experts
FGV’s School of Applied Mathematics (EMAp) is aligned
to current job market trends and demands, promoting
contemporary mathematical applications tailored to the
challenges of today’s age of information and knowledge.
The School trains its students to work in strategic
sectors of public and private organizations, in addition
to preparing them for academia. The School of Applied
Mathematics offers undergraduate and academic master’s
programs, focusing on subjects such as data extraction,
analysis and review, modeling of social and economic
systems, and public policy development support.
28 undergraduate students
34 master’s program students
17 professors 40 academic publications by professors,
researchers and technical experts
9 master’s degree theses approved
32 events organized and co-organized
8 international technical, scientific and academic
cooperation partnerships with institutions in 4 countries
46 master’s degree theses approved
4 PhD dissertations approved
73 events organized and co-organized
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
42
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
43
FGV PRESS
FGV PROJECTS
DIRECTOR
MARIETA DE MORAES FERREIRA
DIRECTOR
CESAR CUNHA CAMPOS
72 books published
Since 1945, one of FGV’s goals has been to publish and
disseminate works from several fields of knowledge to
promote education in Brazil. The progressive increase
in the number and relevance of such works ultimately
prompted the creation of FGV Press, in 1974. The
FGV Press catalog covers areas such as Administration,
Economics, Law, Anthropology, Sociology, Archival
Science, Political Science and History, prioritizing and
encouraging FGV authors, as well as the academic
community worldwide.
63 e-books launched
8 titles republished
249 technical advisory projects
FGV Projects is the technical advisory unit of Fundação
Getulio Vargas (FGV), responsible for the application of
academic knowledge generated and accumulated by FGV’s
schools and institutes. The unit searches for solutions to
strategic issues relating to national development, always
taking into consideration social aspects and the sharing of
knowledge linked to economic growth and sustainability.
29 civil service exams, other exams and certifications
18 publications
MAIN PUBLICATIONS:
• FGV Projects Journals: "Intelligent Cities and Urban
Mobility"
• Commemorative Book Celebrating 100 years of
Submarine Forces in Brazil
• The Brazilians’ Budget: Why doesn’t it generate more
interest?
• “States” Series: Rio de Janeiro
• The New Cedae (Rio de Janeiro State’s Water
Management and Sewage Company): a case of
successful public administration
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
44
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
45
BRAZILIAN INSTITUTE
OF ECONOMICS
IBRE
DIRECTOR
LUIZ GUILHERME SCHYMURA
INSTITUTE FOR
EDUCATIONAL
DEVELOPMENT
IDE
DIRECTOR
RUBENS MARIO ALBERTO WACHHOLZ
12 surveys performed
Established in 1951, the mission of FGV’s Brazilian
Institute of Economics (IBRE) is to research, analyze,
produce and disseminate first-rate macroeconomic
statistics and applied economic studies to support public
policies and private initiatives within Brazil’s economy,
ultimately promoting economic development and social
well-being across the country.
101,078 applied survey questionnaires (year)
5 Brazilian regions surveyed
92,000 in-person MBA and graduate students
Tending to the specific needs of professionals and
corporations, FGV’s Institute for Educational
Development (IDE) offers executive education programs
(online or in-person) matching FGV’s excellence and
tradition to the innovation and practical approach
required by the market.
3,300 online MBA and graduate students
3,000 technology undergraduate students
28,000 short-term course students
2,688,000 prices assessed (year)
16,000 pricing companies (monthly)
290 publications of surveys and price indexes (year)
4 books published
R$ 443.6 million raised in spontaneous media
6 licensed products marketed (FGV Dados Standard,
Advanced, Premium, Setorial, FGV Confiança, and
Monitor da Inflação)
The IDE also features the Management Network,
offering in-person courses at the Rio de Janeiro, Brasília
and São Paulo centers, in addition to a network of
affiliated institutions in over 100 Brazilian cities; FGV
Online, the institution’s distance learning program, allows
students to structure their own knowledge development
process; and FGV Corporate, responsible for developing
educational solutions and programs for companies,
public institutions, corporate universities, and non-profit
organizations.
1.2 million free online course students
30,000 students with MBAs and graduate course degrees
391 students with technological degrees
135 MBAs and graduate courses
45 affiliated units across Brazil
500 renewed contracts and 100 new contracts for
licensed products
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
46
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
47
FGV LIBRARIES SYSTEM
DIRECTOR
MARIETA DE MORAES FERREIRA
CENTER FOR REGULATION AND
INFRASTRUCTURE STUDIES
CERI
DIRECTOR
JOISA CAMPANHER DUTRA SARAIVA
Created in 2012 with the goal of integrating FGV’s
libraries with the institution’s units, the FGV Libraries
System encompasses the Mario Henrique Simonsen
library, in Rio de Janeiro; the Karl Boedecker library,
in São Paulo; the Brasília Library; and the FGV Online
Bookstore. The Libraries System is also responsible for
updating and developing policies to facilitate the work of
researchers and students, as well as preserve and promote
FGV’s academic memory and productions.
290,000 printed copies
Among the system’s recent initiatives are the installation
of a new collection management system; the revamping
of the online portal; the updating of the FGV Digital
Repository open-access platform versions; and installation
of the discovery service search tool.
121 of the 321 databases are also available to external
users
More than 10,000 e-books acquired by purchases or
subscriptions
321 databases, notably: Capes Journal Portal, Jstor,
Emerald, Vlex, Bloomberg, Ebrary, Emerging Markets
Information Service, Cambridge Journals Online, and
Hein Online, among others
32 magazines produced by FGV in the FGV Digital
Repository. These publications amount to over 1,550
digital issues
Over 10,000 documents in the FGV Digital Repository,
including theses, dissertations and other digital items
The objective of FGV’s Center for Regulation and
Infrastructure Studies (CERI) is to align all of the
institution’s available resources towards the goal of
coordinated action in the field of regulation, serving as a
think tank for the regulated sectors of the infrastructure
industry.
In a context of great challenges in regulation and
governance, CERI provides Brazilian society with data
and analysis for the best possible understanding of the
infrastructure sector. Relying on an interdisciplinary
team of economists, lawyers and institutional experts,
CERI has contributed to improving the understanding
of the role of governance in state companies. The
Center has also analyzed the impact of privatization
on the quality of services, the degree of improvement
of the decision-making process by regulatory agencies,
and other sectors of relevance connected to economic
growth in Brazil.
Since the beginning of 2015, CERI has expanded its
influence to other countries in Latin America, such
as Uruguay, for example. The Center has become
an important mediator in the region’s discussion of
infrastructure.
COMPLETE COLLECTION (PRINT AND DIGITAL).
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
48
49
PUBLIC POLICY
ANALYSIS DIVISION
DAPP
BUSINESS STUDIES
DIVISION DENN
DIRECTOR
MARCO AURÉLIO RUEDIGER
DIRECTOR
ANTONIO CARLOS PORTO GONÇALVES
5 academic studies and research tracks
The goal of FGV’s Public Policy Analysis Division (DAPP)
is to translate Social Science concepts and methodologies
into practical applications by extensively employing
Communication and Information Technologies (TICs).
DAPP analyzes public policies through an interdisciplinary
approach and develops social network monitoring
methodologies in order to enhance public debate and
promote transparency by restructuring the relationship
between the State and society.
6 academic publications by researchers
7 participations in congresses, conferences and seminars
The mission of FGV’s Business Studies Division (DENN)
is to support the Office of the President in the process
of FGV’s development as a national and international
think tank, promoting research studies, partnerships and
cooperation agreements with institutions in Brazil and
abroad.
6 technical, scientific and academic partnerships
6 interactive public policy analysis tools
2 partnerships with O Globo and GloboNews;
publications in media outlets such as the Financial Times,
Folha de São Paulo, O Estado de São Paulo, Valor
Econômico, and Época Negócios, among others.
50
51
ACADEMIC INTEGRATION
DIVISION
DIA
COMMUNICATIONS &
MARKETING DIVISION DICOM
DIRECTOR/DEAN OF LEARNING,
RESEARCH AND POST-GRADUATION
ANTONIO DE ARAÚJO FREITAS JUNIOR
DIRECTOR
MARCOS HENRIQUE FACÓ
As determined by FGV’s Office of the President, in
compliance with CAPES and CNPq (Brazilian institutions
for research funding) demands, the Academic Integration
Division encompasses the Office of the Provost for
Education, Research and Graduate Studies (FGV/PR),
whose purpose is to monitor and support the academic
performance of FGV’s Schools and assist FGV’s Senior
Management when necessary.
• Monitoring and addressing the Academic Ombudsman
demands, as defined through the Brazilian Ministry
of Education’s (MEC) Assessment Tools, applied to
all FGV Schools and the Institute for Educational
Development (FGV/IDE).
Participation in 36 national and international events
The Office of the Provost for Education, Research
and Graduate Studies is also responsible for overseeing
and reviewing reports required by the Ministry of
Education (INEP, CNPq and CAPES – all Brazilian
institutes for research funding) and other public entities,
ensuring the following:
1,200 events organized and co-organized
FGV’s Communications & Marketing Division
(DICOM) is responsible for institutional marketing and
communications for all FGV units – Schools, Centers
and Institutes – as well as preserving the FGV brand
and credibility among internal and external audiences.
DICOM’s attributions include creating policies and
processes that align marketing & communication,
advertising, media relations, content production,
websites, daily newsletters, internal communications,
events, production and distribution of freebies, market
intelligence, call center, digital marketing and project
development activities – targeting both local and foreign
audiences.
135 million marketing emails
Over 6 million FGV Portal website visitors
43,400 news articles
1.8 million followers/subscribers to FGV’s institutional
social media networks
300 FGV News website visits
Its mission is to strengthen the FGV brand in Brazil
and abroad, consolidating the institution as a reference in
tradition, excellence and innovation through integrated
communication & marketing initiatives for the education,
research and consulting sectors.
• Legal compliance by FGV’s Schools (School
accreditation and re-accreditation, authorization,
recognition and subsequent renewals of courses),
covering all lato sensu/stricto sensu undergraduate and
graduate courses;
• Guiding FGV’s Schools in sharing and promoting best
education and research management practices on a
global scale;
• Consolidating information regarding all FGV Schools;
• Overseeing, guiding and updating the information
rendered to entities responsible for supervising Brazilian
education institutions;
52
53
INTERNATIONAL
AFFAIRS DIVISION DINT
OPERATIONS
DIVISION DO
DIRECTOR
BIANOR SCELZA CAVALCANTI
DIRECTOR
MARIO ROCHA SOUZA
FGV’s International Affairs Division (DINT) was
established in 2009 to support FGV’s internationalization
strategy. The purpose of DINT is to contribute to FGV’s
consolidation as an academic institution and think
tank, promoting an increasing and long-lasting global
reputation. Since its establishment, DINT’s activities have
included prospecting, mapping, guiding, recommending
and seizing opportunities in areas selected by the Office of
the President.
• 3rd Edition of the Specialization Course in Science and
Technology Innovation Management;
The Division contributes both internally and
externally to expand the scope of FGV’s knowledge
gathering, transformation and distribution networks. It
fundraises from a significant number of external sources
in order to support strategic projects, and innovates on
management procedures within such projects, ultimately
creating more with less. In its sixth year under full
capacity, DINT’s overview in 2014 features a wide range
of activities:
• Music Business Innovation Lab.
• FGV representation on the boards of the IIAS
(International Institute of Administrative Sciences)
and IASIA (International Association of Schools and
Institutes of Administration);
• 1st Brazilian Fashion & Sports Seminar;
Organization, co-organization and participation
in events: 62
FGV’s Operations Division (DO) encompasses the
administrative support and service infrastructure for all
FGV units in Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Brasília. It
operates in the following areas: Information Technology
and Communications, Superintendency for Operations
and Services (Rio de Janeiro), Superintendency for
Operations and Services (São Paulo), Superintendency
for Human Resources and Center for Professional
Allocation, Construction Office – Oscar Niemeyer Tower
and Cultural Center, Superintendency for Legal Matters,
Academic Support Management (Rio de Janeiro), Center
for Educational Support (Rio de Janeiro), Center for
Academic Support (Rio de Janeiro), Center for Academic
Support (São Paulo), Purchasing Management, Admissions
Coordination for Regular Courses and Sectoral Controller.
• FGV International Week, including the 2014 Annual
Conference of the Latin American Group for
Public Administration (LAGPA); the 2º Encuentro
Latinoamericano de Think Tanks (2nd Latin American
Think Tank Meeting); and the “Guerreiro Ramos: the
legacy of a double academic citizenship” International
Seminar;
• Dinner party celebrating FGV’s 70th anniversary, with
the presence of foreign alumni;
• Doing Business in Brazil seminars, featuring the
business schools ESCP-Europe (France), Paris-Dauphine
(France), Emory (U.S.) and College of Charleston (U.S.);
• Exploratory mission to the Center for BRICS Studies
at FUDAN University, in Shanghai, and to the China
Institute for Reform and Development (CIRD), in
Haikou.
54
55
STRATEGIC PLANNING
AND INNOVATION DIVISION DPEI
FGV ENERGY
DIRECTOR
CARLOS OTAVIO VASCONCELLOS QUINTELLA
DIRECTOR
JOÃO PAULO VILLELA DE ANDRADE
FGV has developed a systematic process to strategically
plan and monitor its trajectory throughout this decade,
contributing towards its fast-paced growth. Continuous
activities of support rendered to the institution’s Office of
the President include coordinating year-round meetings to
monitor and plan corporate initiatives.
FGV Energy (Center for Energy Studies) was created in
2013 to promote in-depth and interdisciplinary knowledge
of energy issues in the fields of public and business
administration, economics, applied mathematics, law and
social sciences. The purpose of the unit is to research and
promote FGV’s strategic positioning in the energy sector,
strengthening the institution’s recognition and operations.
2 applied and academic research tracks
5 academic publications by professors, researchers and
technical experts
7 articles published
Established in 2010, FGV’s Strategic Planning
and Innovation Division (DPEI) also contributes to the
development of strategic management projects for specific
public agencies of interest to FGV.
11 events organized and co-organized
5 event participations
STATISTICAL DATA FROM 2014.
56
57
INTER NATIONAL
MORE THAN
160 PARTNER
INSTITUTIONS
IN 2014
1
1
NO R W A Y
DENMARK
2
1
FI N L A N D
1
U N I TE D S T AT E S
S PAI N
22
2
1
3
5
SWITZERLAND
COLOMBIA
V E NE Z U E L A
1
ITALY
2
PE R U
7
CHINA
3
C APE V E R D E
1
SINGAPORE
2
INDONESIA
1
ANGOLA
2
CHILE
3
2
7
A U S T R A L IA
SOUTH AFRICA
AR G E NT I NA
N E W Z EALAND
SOURCE: FGV’S INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS DIVISION (DINT)
60
J A PAN
4
3
2
KOREA
ISRAEL
1
E C U AD O R
1
TURKEY
INDIA
1
HUNGARY
6
ME X I C O
RUSSIA
AUSTRIA
1
5
2
POLAND
CZECH REPUBLIC
5
PO R T U G AL
32
GERMANY
1
C A N A DA
F R ANC E
BELGIUM
1
11
U NI T E D K I NG D O M
8
10
5
NE T H E R L AND S
SWEDEN
61
1
ANGOLA
ECUADOR
JAPAN
Instituto Superior Politécnico de Angola – INSPAN
Universidade Agostinho Neto – UAN
Universidad Andina Simon Bolivar
Keio University
Nagoya University
United Nations University – UNU
FINLAND
ARGENTINA
Instituto de Empresa
Universitat Pompeu Fabra
SWEDEN
Helsinki School of Economics
Stockholm School of Economics
KOREA
Jefatura de Gabinete de Ministros – Républica Argentina
Sindicatura Geral de la Nacion
Universidad Austral
Universidad de San Andrés
Universidade Nacional de La Plata
Universidad Nacional de Quilmes
Universidad Torcuato Di Tella
FRANCE
Audencia Nantes École de Management
EDC Paris Business School
EDHEC Business School
EM Lyon
ESCEM - École Supérieure de Commerce ET Management Tours
ESCP Europe
ESIEE Paris (Universite Paris-EST)
ESSEC Business School
ESC Rennes School of Business
Group ESC Grenoble
Groupe ESC PAU
Groupe ESC Reims
HEC Paris – School of Management
Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Grenoble (IEP)
Mines Paris Tech
Sciences Po
Sup de Co Montpellier
Telecom Paris Tech
Université Paris – Dauphine
Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
Université Paris – Sorbonne
University of Strasbourg
AUSTRALIA
Macquaire University
University of Sydney
AUSTRIA
IMC University of Applied Science Krems
Vienna University of Economics and Business
BELGIUM
Université Catholique de Louvain
CANADA
HEC – Montreal
International Development Research Centre
McGill University
Queen’s University
University of British Columbia
University of Manitoba
University of Western Ontario
York University
CAPE VERDE
University of Cape Verde
CHILE
Pontificia Universidad Catolica
Universidad de Arte y Ciencias Sociales (ARCIS)
SWITZERLAND
MEXICO
Hochschule St. Gallen
Swiss Federal Institute of Tecnology
Zurich University of Applied Sciences
CIDE – Ciencias Sociales
EGADE Business School
El Colegio de México
ITAM – Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México
ITESM – Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de
Monterrey
Koç University
UNITED KINGDOM
Cranfield University
European Business School
London Business School
London School of Economics
Regents College London
The University of Manchester
The University of Nottingham
University College Dublin
University of East London
University of Lancaster
Warwick Business School
Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam
Tilburg University
Universidade de Radboud de Nijmegen
Universität Maastricht
Universiteit van Amsterdam
NEW ZEALAND
University of Otago
NORWAY
UNITED STATES
BI Norwegian School of Management
Norwegian School of Economics
PERU
Albert Ludwigs Universität Freiburg
EBS Universitat fur Wirtschaft und Recht
Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg
Pforzheim University
Technical University Hamburg
Universität Mainz
Universität Mannheim
Universität zu-Köln
Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität (Münster University)
WHU Koblenz
Universidad Del Pacífico
Universidad ESAN
ABCI Institute
American University
Babson College
Brandeis University
BYU – Brigham Young University
Columbia University
Cornell University
Duke University
Emory University
Georgia Institute of Technology
Harvard Law School
Indiana University
New York University
Northwestern University
Ohio University
Pace University
Pepperdine University
Rutgers - The State University of New Jersey
State University of New York - SUNY
The George Washington University
The University of California
The University of Chicago
The University of Florida
The University of Illinois
The University of Miami
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
The University of Tampa
The University of Texas at Austin
Tulane University
University of Houston
University of Minnesota
University of Southern California
POLAND
Warsaw School of Economics
PORTUGAL
Budapest University of Economics
Instituto Superior de Ciências do Trabalho e da Empresa –
ISCTE
Universidade Católica Portuguesa
Universidade de Coimbra
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Universidade Técnica de Lisboa
INDIA
RUSSIA
Confederation of India Industry
Indian Council of Cultural Relations ("ICCR")
Indian Institute of Management
Institute of Public Enterprise
MIGMO – Moscow State Institute of International
Relations
St. Petersburg State University School of Management
HUNGARY
TURKEY
NETHERLANDS
GERMANY
CHINA
China University of Political Science and Law
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences – CASS
FUDAN University/ BRICS Studies Center
National Chengchi University – Taiwan
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Tsinghua University
Universidade de Macau
Sungkyunkwan University Business School
SINGAPORE
COLOMBIA
Universidad del Valle – UNIVALLE
Universidad Externado de Colombia
Universidad Los Andes
ISRAEL
National University of Singapore
IDC – Herzliya Radzyner School of Law
Tel Aviv University
SOUTH AFRICA
CZECH REPUBLIC
ITALY
University of Economics, Prague
European University Institute
Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT)
Universitá Commerciale Luigi Bocconi
Universitá Degli Studi Di Roma
University of Salerno
DENMARK
Copenhagen Business School
62
University of Cape Town GBS UCT
University of Stellenbosch
Wits Business School
SPAIN
E.A.E. – Escuela de Administración de Empresas
ESADE
Fundació Catalunya
IE Business School
VENEZUELA
IESA – Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Administración
63
ABOUT FGV
ABOUT
FGV
FIRST PRESIDENT
AND FOUNDER
Luiz Simões Lopes
PRESIDENT
Carlos Ivan Simonsen Leal
VICE-PRESIDENTS
Francisco Oswaldo Neves Dornelles
(on leave)
Marcos Cintra Cavalcanti de Albuquerque
Sergio Franklin Quintella
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
MEMBERS
Established in 1944 to promote Brazil’s
social and economic development
by training public and private
administrators, Fundação Getulio
Vargas (FGV) gradually expanded
its activities into the fields of Social
Sciences, Law, Economics and, recently,
Applied Mathematics. The institution
has consolidated itself as a reference for
quality and excellence in disseminating
knowledge.
Through its Research and Information
activities, which helped build the
foundations of Brazil’s economic
system, FGV has become the largest
think tank in Latin America, as well as
one of the top think tanks worldwide,
according to the Global Go To Think
Tank Index of the Think Tanks and
Civil Societies Program at the University
of Pennsylvania.
debate, which is why they are becoming
increasingly more important globally.
Operating in over 100 Brazilian cities—
besides Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
and Brasília— through a network of
Affiliate institutions in partnership
with the Institute for Educational
Development (IDE), FGV offers
undergraduate, continuing education,
executive training, specialization, MBA,
master’s and PhD courses (online or
in-person).
Partnering with traditional and
renowned foreign universities, FGV
ranks top in educational indicators and
rankings both in Brazil and abroad.
Armando Klabin
Carlos Alberto Pires de Carvalho e
Albuquerque
Cristiano Buarque Franco Neto
Ernane Galvêas
José Luiz Miranda
Lindolpho de Carvalho Dias
Marcílio Marques Moreira
Roberto Paulo Cezar de Andrade
SUBSTITUTES
Aldo Floris
Antonio Monteiro de Castro Filho
Ary Oswaldo Mattos Filho
Eduardo Baptista Vianna
Gilberto Duarte Prado
Jacob Palis Júnior
José Ermírio de Moraes Neto
Marcelo José Basílio de Souza Marinho
Mauricio Matos Peixoto
BOARD OF TRUSTEES
PRESIDENT
FGV’s study, analysis and development
of public policies and research tracks
consolidate the institution as a
renowned think tank, contributing
to Brazil’s relevance within the
international scenario. The main
purpose of think tanks is to research
public policies, resolve difficult issues,
and devise innovative solutions; in
addition, they promote knowledge and
Carlos Alberto Lenz César Protásio
MEMBERS
Alexandre Koch Torres de Assis
Antonio Alberto Gouvêa Vieira
Andrea Martini (Souza Cruz S.A)
Eduardo M. Krieger
Estado do Rio Grande do Sul
Heitor Chagas de Oliveira
Estado da Bahia
Luiz Chor
Marcelo Serfaty
Marcio João de Andrade Fortes
Marcus Antonio de Souza Faver
Murilo Portugal Filho
(Federação Brasileira de Bancos)
Pedro Henrique Mariani Bittencourt (Banco BBM S.A)
Orlando dos Santos Marques
(Publicis Brasil Comunicação Ltda)
Raul Calfat
(Votorantim Participações S.A)
Leonardo André Paixão (IRB-Brasil
Resseguros S.A)
Ronaldo Vilela
(Sindicato das Empresas de
Seguros Privados, de Previdência
Complementar e de Capitalização
nos Estados do Rio de Janeiro e do
Espírito Santo)
Sandoval Carneiro Junior
Willy Otto Jordan Neto
SUBSTITUTES
Cesar Camacho
José Carlos Schmidt Murta Ribeiro
Luiz Ildefonso Simões Lopes
(Brookfield Brasil Ltda)
Luiz Roberto Nascimento Silva
Manoel Fernando Thompson Motta Filho
Nilson Teixeira
(Banco de Investimentos Crédit Suisse S.A)
Olavo Monteiro de Carvalho
(Monteiro Aranha Participações S.A)
Patrick de Larragoiti Lucas
(Sul América Companhia Nacional de Seguros)
Clóvis Torres
(VALE S.A)
Rui Barreto
Sergio Lins Andrade
Victório Carlos De Marchi
DIRECTORS
DIVISIONS AND
SUPPORT AREAS
SCHOOLS AND UNITS
Celso Castro
School of Social Sciences
(CPDOC)
Joisa Campanher Dutra Saraiva
Center for Regulation and
Infrastructure Studies
(CERI)
Joaquim Falcão
Rio de Janeiro Law School
(Direito Rio)
Marco Aurélio Ruediger
Public Policy Analysis Division
(DAPP)
Oscar Vilhena Vieira
São Paulo Law School
(Direito SP)
Antonio Carlos Porto Gonçalves
Business Studies Division
(DENN)
Luiz Artur Ledur Brito
São Paulo School of Business Administration
(EAESP)
Antonio de Araújo Freitas Junior
Academic Integration Division
(DIA)
Flavio Carvalho de Vasconcelos
Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration
(EBAPE)
Yoshiaki Nakano
São Paulo School of Economics
(EESP)
Rubens Penha Cysne
Brazilian School of Economics and Finance
(EPGE)
Maria Izabel Tavares Camacho
School of Applied Mathematics
(EMAp)
Marieta de Moraes Ferreira
FGV Press
FGV Libraries System
Cesar Cunha Campos
FGV Projects
Luiz Guilherme Schymura
Brazilian Institute of Economics
(IBRE)
Rubens Mario Alberto Wachholz
Institute for Educational
Development
(IDE)
VICE-PRESIDENT
João Alfredo Dias Lins (Klabin Irmãos
& Cia.)
66
67
Marcos Henrique Facó
Communications and Marketing
Division
(DICOM)
Bianor Scelza Cavalcanti
International Affairs Division
(DINT)
Mario Rocha Souza
Operations Division
(DO)
João Paulo Villela de Andrade
Strategic Planning and Innovation
Division
(DPEI)
Carlos Otavio Vasconcellos Quintella
FGV Energy
Maria Tereza Fleury
General Affairs Division for
Fundação Getulio Vargas in
São Paulo
João Carlos de Luca
Carlos Langoni
Business Cooperation Committee /
Center for Global Economics
Julian Chacel
Board of Conciliation and
Arbitration
ADDRESSES
CENTRO EMPRESARIAL
AMÉRICAS
EDIFÍCIO BARÃO DE
CRISTINA
EDIFÍCIO FARIA LIMA
Av. Paulista, 1471, 1° andar – Bela
Vista
CEP [ZIP Code]: 01311-927
Phone: +55 (11) 3799-3638
Av. Brigadeiro Faria Lima, 1188 –
Pinheiros - São Paulo, SP – Brasil
CEP [ZIP Code]: 01451-001
Phone: +55 (11) 3799-3455
• Institute for Educational
Development (IDE)
EDIFÍCIO DARKE
• FGV Corporate
• Institute for Educational
Development (IDE)
• São Paulo School of Business
Administration (EAESP) (Courses)
• Editorial Office: RAE – Revista GVExecutivo (FGV Executive Magazine)
and Revista de Administração de
Empresas - RAE (Journal of Business
Administration)
• FGV Agribusiness Center (GV Agro)
• School of Social Sciences (CPDOC)
Avenida Treze de Maio, 23 – Centro
CEP [ZIP Code]: 20031-000
Phone: +55 (21) 3799-4688
EDIFÍCIO PROFESSOR REMO
RINALDI NADDEO
EDIFÍCIO CONDOMÍNIO
NAÇÕES UNIDAS
Rua Itapeva, 474 – Bela Vista
CEP [ZIP Code]: 01332-000
Phone: +55 (11) 3799-7630
Cond. Nações Unidas
Av. das Nações Unidas, 12.495 – anexo
01 (térreo, 1º e 2º andar)
CEP [ZIP Code]: 04578-000
Phone: +55 (11) 3799-3455
Avenida das Américas, 3693 - Bloco 2,
2º andar – Parque das Rosas – Barra da
Tijuca
CEP [ZIP Code]: 22631-003
Phone: +55 (21) 3799-4800
E-mail: [email protected]
• Institute for Educational
Development (IDE)
• Brazilian Institute of Economics
(IBRE)
• FGV Projects
• Institute for Educational
Development (IDE)
RIO DE JANEIRO
EDIFÍCIO LUIZ SIMÕES LOPES
(MAIN OFFICE)
Praia de Botafogo, 190
CEP [ZIP Code]: 22250-900
Phone: +55 (21) 3799-5938
• Academic Integration Division (DIA)
• Brazilian School of Economics and
Finance (EPGE)
• Brazilian School of Public and
Business Administration (EBAPE)
• Business Studies Division (DENN)
• Communications and Marketing
Division (DICOM)
• FGV Projects
• Institute for Educational
Development (IDE)
• International Affairs Division
(DINT)
• Mario Henrique Simonsen Library
• Rio de Janeiro Law School
(Direito Rio)
• School of Social Sciences (CPDOC)
• School of Applied Mathematics
(EMAp)
• Strategic Planning and Innovation
Division (DPEI)
EDIFÍCIO PROFESSOR
EUGÊNIO GUDIN FILHO
Rua Barão de Itambi, 60 – Botafogo
CEP [ZIP Code]: 22231-000
Phone: +55 (21) 3799-6996
• Brazilian Institute of Economics
(IBRE)
• Institute for Educational
Development (IDE)
• FGV Corporate
• Operations Division
FGV PRESS
Rua Jornalista Orlando Dantas, 37 –
Botafogo
CEP [ZIP Code]: 22231-010
Phone: 0800-021-7777
Av. 9 de Julho, 2029 – Bela Vista
CEP [ZIP Code]: 01313-902
Phone: +55 (11) 3799-7777 / 7700
• São Paulo School of Economics
(EESP) (Courses)
Rua da Candelária, 6 – Centro
CEP [ZIP Code]: 20091-020
Phone: +55 (21) 3799-5030
Rua Rocha, 233 – Bela Vista
CEP [ZIP Code]: 01330-000
Phone: +55 (11) 3799-2222 / 2233
• Institute for Educational
Development (IDE)
• São Paulo Law School
(Direito SP)
EDIFÍCIO ARGENTINA
EDIFÍCIO ALALOU
Praia de Botafogo, 228 – ala B
Sala 910
CEP [ZIP Code]: 22250-906
Phone: +55 (21) 3799-4305
Rua Rocha, 220 – Bela Vista
CEP [ZIP Code]: 01330-000
Phone: +55(11) 3799-2240
• Center for Social Policy (CPS)
• Public Policy Analysis Division (DAPP)
• São Paulo Law School Lato Sensu
Graduate Program (GVlaw)
EDIFÍCIO CASA VERDE
Praia de Botafogo, 210
CEP [ZIP Code]: 22250-145
Phone: +55 (21) 3799-6100
• FGV Energy
• Applied Knowledge and Research
Network (RPCAP)
EDIFÍCIO ELUMA
Av. Paulista, 1294
CEP [ZIP Code]: 01310-915
Phone: +55 (11) 3799-4251 / 4170
• Communications and Marketing
Division (DICOM)
• FGV Projects
FGV LIBRARY
Rua Itapeva, 432
• Institute for Educational
Development (IDE)
EDIFÍCIO DONA LEOPOLDINA
FGV BOOKSTORE
68
EDIFÍCIO JOHN F. KENNEDY
EDIFÍCIO OCTÁVIO GOUVÊA
DE BULHÕES
EDIFÍCIO ÂNCORA
Rua Jornalista Orlando Dantas, 44 –
Botafogo
Phone: +55 (21) 3799-5535
SÃO PAULO
Rua Silvia, 23, conjuntos 05/10 e 12 –
Bela Vista
CEP [ZIP Code]: 01331-010
Phone: +55 (11) 3253-3365 / 3552
E-mail: [email protected]
BRASÍLIA
EDIFÍCIO DR. LUIZ SIMÕES
LOPES
Avenida Paulista, 548, 8º Andar – Bela
Vista
CEP [ZIP Code]: 01310-000
Phone: +55 (11) 3799-3455
• Brazilian Institute of Economics
(IBRE)
• FGV Projects
• Institute for Educational
Development (IDE)
EDIFÍCIO KARL A.
BOEDECKER
Av. 9 de Julho, 2029 – Bela Vista – São
Paulo, SP - Brasil
CEP [ZIP Code]: 01313-902
Phone: +55 (11) 3799-7777 / 7700
• Karl A. Boedecker Library
• São Paulo Law School (Direito SP)
(Office)
69
SGAN (SETOR DE GRANDES
ÁREAS NORTE)
Quadra 602, módulos A, B e C,
Brasília – DF
CEP [ZIP Code]: 70830-020
Phone: +55 (61) 3799-8000
• Brazilian Institute of Economics
(IBRE)
• FGV Corporate
• Institute for Educational
Development (IDE)
• Library
BALANCE
SHEET
ECONOMIC
BALANCE
SHEET
(IN R$)
(IN R$)
ASSETS
2014
2013
I N COME
2 01 4
201 3
CURRENT ASSETS
801,992,302.90
691,689,537.73
EQUITY INCOME
78,742,063.23
43,416,615.18
CASH
733,980,327.96
632,143,439.87
OPERATING INCOME
960,872,726.27
921,702,849.19
ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE
27,633,727.72
25,117,281.35
OTHER INCOME
49,136,036.14
59,812,679.74
OTHER CREDITS
36,413,719.65
30,413,249.86
TOTAL R$
1,088,750,825.64
1,024,932,144.11
INVENTORIES
3,964,527.57
4,015,566.65
EXPEN SES
2 01 4
201 3
NON-CURRENT ASSETS
643,223,365.60
594,738,991.14
1,056,269,026.24
976,484,655.71
LONG-TERM RECEIVABLES
131,651,486.95
119,140,270.67
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
511,571,878.65
475,598,720.47
SURPLUS - R$
32,481,799.40
48,447,488.40
TOTAL R$
1,445,215,668.50
1,286,428,528.87
TOTAL R$
1,088,750,825.64
1,024,932,144.11
LIABILITIES
2014
2013
CURRENT LIABILITIES
172,311,905.86
125,462,866.64
NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES
151,543,113.09
138,453,327.49
FUNDS
1,088,878,850.15
974,064,846.34
INCOME
32,481,799.40
48,447,488.40
TOTAL R$
1,445,215,668.50
1,286,428,528.87
OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES
(STAFF AND CHARGES, OTHER COSTS AND EXPENSES)
R$ = Brazilian Reais
R$ = Brazilian Reais
70
71
FUNDAÇÃO GETULIO VARGAS (FGV)
PRAIA DE BOTAFOGO 190
22250-900
RIO DE JANEIRO, RJ
BRASIL
55 21 3799-4747
PRODUCTION CREDITS
DESIGN: ORB LLC
CREATIVE DIRECTION: ANDRÉS CLERICI / ORB
GRAPHIC DESIGN: SEAN CALLEN / ORB
COORDINATION AND CONCEPT: FGV / DICOM – COMMUNICATIONS AND MARKETING DIVISION
COMMUNICATIONS AND MARKETING DIRECTOR: MARCOS HENRIQUE FACÓ
COMMUNICATIONS AND MARKETING MANAGER: ALEXANDRA SIQUEIRA
PRESS AND CONTENT COORDINATOR: PAOLA SIDE
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