...

AgendaEspacialOBT - Divisão de Sensoriamento Remoto

by user

on
Category:

education

42

views

Report

Comments

Transcript

AgendaEspacialOBT - Divisão de Sensoriamento Remoto
Por uma agenda espacial latinoamericana – a visão do INPE
Dr. João Vianei Soares
Diretor de Observação da Terra
Por uma agenda espacial latinoamericana – a visão do INPE
• INPE/MCT como instituição de estado segue
a orientação do estado (MRE, ABC, CNPq,
CAPES...)
estratégia
visão
Plano de longo prazo
Uma imagem inspiradora
objetivos
missão
Uma descrição ideal de como
Pretendemos chegar lá
Objetivos estratégicos de alto nível
Tarefas prioritárias
O que faremos e quais os resultados esperados para atingir os objetivos
num dado tempo
resultados
Métrica de indicadores
benefícios
Vantagens para a sociedade
Por uma agenda espacial latinoamericana – a visão do INPE
• Capacitação (infra-estrutura, institucional e treinamento e
educação)
– CRECTEALC (Centro Regional em Ciência e Tecnologia Espaciais
para a América Latina
http://www.inpe.br/unidades/cep/atividadescep/crectealc/)
– Pós-Graduação em Sensoriamento Remoto
– Treinamento e difusão (Spring, Terralib, Terraview)
– Teleducação (e-learning)
• Política de dados CBERS (expansão ? Cotopaxi? CB em
infra-estrutura? Institucional?)
• GEOSS (representação no ExCom)
• EOPA (operação do GOES-10)
• CEOS SIT constelação de satélites
Por uma agenda espacial latinoamericana – a visão do INPE
• CB-07-P4: Open Source Software (OSS)
• Encourage the development and use of open source solutions
across/along the Earth observation value chain through:
§
Developing an inventory of possible OSS solutions that could be
used within GEO. Making this inventory and identified solutions
available through the GEO portal.
§
Building on existing efforts and drawing on networks of OSS
(and other) developers to stimulate OSS and other value chain
related projects that foster the development of local technical skills
for software production.
§
As a starting point TerraView and Terralib will be used
to encourage the development of open source software for end
users dealing with integrated Earth observation and GIS data.
GEO and
GEOSS
Workshop on Capacity
Building,
São José dos Campos
Importance of Earth
Observation Data
• Flooding in Europe, Earthquake in
Pakistan, Indian Ocean Tsunami,
Katrina, and other natural disasters
• Climate change, biodiversity
conservation, threat to property
WaterLand Neeltje Jans
Museum
courtesy Environmental Agency
courtesy Reuters
GEO and GEOSS…….
• GEO = Many People =
Group on Earth Observations
• GEOSS = One Vision =
Establish a global,
coordinated, comprehensive
and sustained system of Earth
observing systems
Recommendation from WSSD,
Johannesburg, 2002
“Strengthen cooperation and coordination among global
observing systems and research programmes for
integrated global observations, taking into account the
need for building capacity and sharing of data from
ground-based observations, satellite remote sensing and
other sources among all countries”
GEOSS should answer
Society’s need for
Better Earth Observations
Easier & More Open Data
Access
Informed Decision Making
• EOS I
– July 31, 2003, Washington,
D.C.
– 34 Countries and 20
International Organizations
• EOS II
– April 25, 2004, Tokyo, Japan
– 47 Countries and 26
International Organizations
• EOS III
– February 2005, Brussels
– Nearly 60 Countries, EC and
over 40 International
Organizations
EOS I
EOS II
EOS III
• 10-year
Implementation Plan
• Accompanying
reference document
Secretariat hosted by WMO
GEOSS:
• Here to promote data sharing for earth
observations
• Here to promote interagency, intergovernmental,
and interdisciplinary collaboration
• Here to encourage sharing infrastructure
• Here to inform the decision makers what needs to
be done and to build the political will to make it
happen.
GEOSS will serve 9 Societal Benefit Areas
1. Prevention/Reduction of effects of disasters
2. Human Health and Epidemiology
3. Energy Management
4. Climate Change
5. Water Management
6. Weather Forecasting
7. Ecosystems
8. Agriculture
9. Biodiversity
Five Transverse Areas
1. Architecture
2. Data Management
3. User Engagement
4. Capacity Building
5. Outreach
Why a Transverse Approach ?
Same observations are
often relevant to many
Societal Benefit Areas
(e.g., Altimetry)
Why a Transverse Approach ?
Many are interdependent
(e.g., Weather-Disasters
Climate-Agriculture-Health
Water-Energy)
El Niño consequences at
global scale
Forest fires in Indonesia
Floods in California
Risk of Re-emergence of Infectious Diseases
Some in connection with El Niño/La Niña events
Choléra
Dengue
Meningitus
©
2002
GEO Plenary
GEO
Organization
Guidance and
Participation
Executive
Committee
Leadership
Implementation
Guidance
Oversight
Standing
Committees
Capacity Building
Architecture & Data
Science & Technology
GEO
Secretariat
Coordination &
Facilitation
Director
Advice &
Recommendations
Management and
Coordination Team
Scientific Experts
User Interface
Inputs
Dialogue
Expert
Communities
Coordination
Executive Committee
•
•
•
12 Members
Regional representation
–
Africa(2) : Morocco and South Africa
–
Americas(3): Brazil, Honduras, USA
–
CIS: Russia
–
Asia(3): China, Japan and Thailand
–
Europe(3): EC, Germany and Italy
4 co-Chairs: EC, USA, China and South Africa
Capacity Building
• Objectives:
develop (through a global partnership) human, scientific,
technological, and institutional resources and
capabilities across the nine Societal Benefit Areas.
• Main Themes
• Earth observation infrastructure (particularly in
developing countries)
• Institutional capacities and
• Education and training.
http://earthobservations.org
GEOSS IS:
Comprehensive
Coordinated
Sustained
Fly UP