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Personal Pronouns Subjetive Case

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Personal Pronouns Subjetive Case
Genitive Case
Caso Genitivo
Genitive Case
• Indicar posse
• Substitui o of da oração
Exemplo: The car of Peter was robed.
Peter’s car was robed.
Genitive Case
• Regra geral  acrescentar ’s aos substantivos que
não terminam em s.
Jane’s flat is big.
• Se terminar em s, acrescenta-se apenas ’ (apóstrofe).
The birds’ wings.
Casos Especiais
• Plural sem s e nomes próprios com s, acrescenta-se
’s.
Those men’s umbrellas are broken.
Cris’s dress is new.
Casos Especiais
• Nomes bíblicos, históricos ou clássicos terminados
em s, acrescenta-se apenas ’.
Jesus’ sandals were brown.
Socrates’ principles were followed by lots of people.
Casos Especiais
• Quando há dois ou mais possuidores, acrescenta-se
’s ao último.
Paul and Sally’s home was burnt.
• Quando forem pertences distintos de possuidores
diferentes, acrescenta-se ’s a cada um.
Mr Brown’s and Mr. White’s wives are beautiful.
Casos Especiais
• Para lugares (edifícios) relacionados ao possuidor,
acrescenta-se apenas ’s, omitindo-se o substantivo.
Sarah goes to her grandmother’s (house) every
weekend.
I’m going to my girlfriend’s (house).
Casos Especiais
• Com certas expressões de tempo, peso ou espaço,
acrescenta-se ’s ou ’ para substantivos terminados
em s.
Two months’ journey.
The pig’s weight is 70kg.
The kitchen’s size is enough.
Infinitive
Infinitivo
Infinitivo
• Forma normal do verbo
• Utilizado com ou sem to
Infinitivo – Com to
• Após adjetivos, advérbios e substantivos
It’s easy to play the piano.
He has much to learn.
Infinitivo – Com to
• Após ask, decide, expect, hope, invite,
promise, refuse, want, wish
She refused to answer.
They want to play football.
Infinitivo – Sem to
• Após os verbos anômalos e os verbos let e
make
I can’t see them.
Let me do it!
Infinitivo – Sem to
• Após but e except
There is nothing to do but (except) tell them the
truth.
Gerund
Gerundio
Gerundio
• Forma ing do verbo
Gerundio
• Após preposições (IMPORTANTE)
I’m afraid of falling down.
Gerundio
• Após admit, avoid, appreciate, consider,
delay, detest, dislike, enjoy, escape, excuse,
fancy, finish, mention, miss, practice, resist,
understand, quit
Avoid being near the cliff.
Finish cleaning the house and then you go out.
Infinitive / Gerund
Infinitivo / Gerundio
Infinitivo / Gerundio
• Após advise, agree, allow, attempt, begin,
continue, forget, intend, leave, like, love,
mean, neglect, prefer, permit, remember,
start, stop, study, try, hate
He started studying / to study English.
They prefer travelling / to travel by car.
Genitive Case
Peter’s
Smiths’
Children’s
John’s
Steve’s
Susan
Men’s
Infinitivo / Gerundio
to study
Ambos
to answer
to get
seeing
visiting
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