Official Bicycling Laws in Colorado

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Official Bicycling Laws in Colorado
Official Bicycling Laws
in Colorado
Colorado Revised Statutes detail the specific language of the law
regarding bicycles and their operation. Municipalities and other
jurisdictions may add further restrictions beyond those in the state
law by passing local ordinances. It is your responsibility to know the
law of the jurisdiction in which you are bicycling.
AND TRAFFIC : PART 14 OTHER OFFENSES : 42-4-1412. Operation of
bicycles and other human-powered vehicles.
Operation of bicycles and other human-powered vehicles.
(1) Every person riding a bicycle shall have all of the rights and duties
applicable to the driver of any other vehicle under this article, except
as to special regulations in this article and except as to those provisions
which by their nature can have no application. Said riders shall
comply with the rules set forth in this section and section 42-4-221,
and when using streets and highways within incorporated cities and
towns, shall be subject to local ordinances regulating the operation of
bicycles as provided in section 42-4-111.
(2) It is the intent of the general assembly that nothing contained in
House Bill No. 1246, enacted at the second regular session of the
fifty-sixth general assembly, shall in any way be construed to modify
or increase the duty of the Department of Transportation or any
political subdivision to sign or maintain highways or sidewalks or to
affect or increase the liability of the state of Colorado or any political
subdivision under the “Colorado Governmental Immunity Act”, article
10 of title 24, C.R.S.
(3) No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than
the number for which it is designed or equipped.
(4) No person riding upon any bicycle shall attach the same or himself
to any motor vehicle upon a roadway.
(5) Any person riding a bicycle shall ride in the right-hand lane. When
being overtaken by another vehicle, such person shall ride as close to
the right-hand side as practicable. Where a paved shoulder suitable
for bicycle riding is present, persons operating bicycles shall ride on
the paved shoulder. These provisions shall apply, except under any of
the following situations:
(a) When overtaking and passing another bicycle or vehicle
proceeding in the same direction;
(b) When preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private
road or driveway;
(c) When reasonably necessary to avoid hazardous conditions,
including, but not limited to, fixed or moving objects, parked or
moving vehicles, pedestrians, animals, or surface hazards.
Official bicycling l aws in Color ado
(6) (a) Persons operating bicycles on roadways shall ride single file;
except that riding no more than two abreast is permitted in the
following circumstances:
(i) When riding two abreast will not impede the normal and
reasonable movement of traffic; or
(ii) When riding on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the
exclusive use of bicycles.
(b) Persons riding two abreast shall ride within a single lane.
(7) A person operating a bicycle shall keep at least one hand on
the handlebars at all times.
(8) (a) A person riding a bicycle intending to turn left shall follow a
course described in sections 42-4-901 (1), 42-4-903, and 42-41007 or may make a left turn in the manner prescribed in paragraph
(b) of this subsection (8).
(b) A person riding a bicycle intending to turn left shall approach the
turn as closely as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the
roadway. After proceeding across the intersecting roadway to the far
corner of the curb or intersection of the roadway edges, the bicyclist
shall stop, as much as practicable, out of the way of traffic. After
stopping, the bicyclist shall yield to any traffic proceeding in either
direction along the roadway the bicyclist had been using. After
yielding and complying with any official traffic control device or
police officer regulating traffic on the highway along which he
intends to proceed, the bicyclist may proceed in the new direction.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs (a) and (b) of
this subsection (8), the transportation commission and local
authorities in their respective jurisdictions may cause official traffic
control devices to be placed on roadways and thereby require and
direct that a specific course be traveled.
(9) (a) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection (9), every
person riding a bicycle shall signal his intention to turn or stop in
accordance with the provisions of section 42-4-903; except that
a person riding a bicycle may signal a right turn with the right arm
extended horizontally.
(b) A signal of intention to turn right or left when required shall be
given continuously during not less than the last one hundred feet
traveled by the bicycle before turning and shall be given while the
bicycle is stopped waiting to turn. A signal by hand and arm need
not be given continuously if the hand is needed in the control or
operation of the bicycle.
(10) (a) A person riding a bicycle upon and along a sidewalk or
pathway or across a roadway upon and along a crosswalk shall yield
the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give an audible signal
before overtaking and passing such pedestrian. A person riding
a bicycle in a crosswalk shall do so in a manner that is safe
for pedestrians.
Official bicycling l aws in Color ado
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